Is intraabdominal pressure a predictive factor for mortality and morbidity in abdominal trauma?

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Abstract

The clinical signs and symptoms of an acute in increase intraabdominal pressure (IAP) are subtle, especially in the conditions of the polytraumatized patient. Thus, abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) can brutally occur and can have a major impact on the body’s main organs and systems. The purpose of our research was to identify the influence of intraabdominal pressure, intra-abdominal hypertension, and abdominal compartment syndrome, in the evolution of polytraumatized patients. Our study analyzed the patients admitted in the IIIrd Department of General Surgery of University Emergency Hospital in Bucharest between 1st of January 2010 and 31st of December 2018. The value of intraabdominal pressure, on admission, correlated with the risk of IAH/ ACS in patients with abdominal trauma - being major causes of morbidity and mortality. IAP monitoring should become a mandatory part of the management plan for patients with abdominal trauma.

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