Denosumab efficacy in giant cell tumors of the bone - short review

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Abstract

Giant cell tumors of the bone are tumors whose malignant character has long been debated. Lung metastases have been reported in some cases. They usually represent osteolytic, locally aggressive bone tumors for which surgery is the standard of care. Denosumab is the most effective systemic treatment in these cases, but both the timing and the duration are a matter of debate. The aim of this short review was to describe the most important trials that treated patients with this drug and to discuss both advantages and long-term toxicity. It can be concluded from the presented data that the choice of adding denosumab in the treatment sequence of giant cell tumor of the bone has to be taken in a personalized manner for each patient.

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