Guidance and Guideline-recommendations for the treatment of femoral neck fractures Romanian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology- SOROT 2018

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Abstract

Two types of femoral neck fractures are nowadays identified: those resulting from low energy trauma, usually by direct by falling on the hip, in patients with affected bone stock (the so-called “fragility fractures”) and those produced by high energy trauma, even in younger people, with normal bone stock. These recommendations are addressed to the first category. for which impaired mineral bone density (MBD), osteopenia, and osteoporosis represent major enabling factors. These recommendations refer to classification-based local and general treatment of femoral neck fractures (excluding the basilar neck ones). The presumptive and definitive diagnoses include the precise description of the fracture pattern, by complete imagistic evaluation. The treatment depends on the type of the patient (demanding or non-demanding), on the type of the fracture (stable or unstable), as well as on the facility of early treatment, in certain cases. The main therapeutic goal in femoral neck fractures is early social and professional reinsertion of the patient, by gaining a status as close as possible to the one before the trauma; stable stabilization allowing early mobilization has a key role in fulfilling this objective Therefore, complete evaluation and monitoring of the patient by a multidisciplinary team is mandatory in order to perform a proper evaluation of the anaesthetic and surgical risk ( as these patients usually have pre-existing health problems, sometimes severe) , a safe and adapted (form the point of view of invasivity) surgery and an appropriate post-operative local and general treatment. Therefore, these recommendations have numerous connections with those involving the intervention of physicians from other specialities with whom orthopaedic surgeons must cooperate in these cases

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