The Lean concept is recognisable by how fast innovations are implemented and production processes are improved. Likewise, analysis of the implementation of Lean concepts so far has shown that Lean methods and tools cannot be applied to small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in the same measure as they can be applied to large enterprises.
This paper aims to present a critical review of the implementation of Lean concepts in SMEs with the claim that Lean concept can be successfully applied in all branches of industry, provided that the Lean concept is fully understood, and it’s meaning, principles and practice. Given that SMEs have limited resources, they often face difficulties during the implementation of all Lean tools and methods.
Depending on the type of improvement in Kaizen activities, the Poka Yoke and Jidoka tools should be applied. Every improvement in the production process needs to be standardised as soon as possible so that the processes can become more continuous and efficient.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
 Achanga, P., Shehab, E., Roy, R., Nelder, G. (2005): Critical success factors for lean implementation within SMEs. Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, 17(4), pp. 460–471.
 White, R.E. (1999): An empirical assessment of JIT in US manufacturers. Production ---amp--- Inventory Management Journal, 34(2), pp. 38–42.
 Conner, G. (2001). Lean Manufacturing for the Small Shop. Society of Manufacturing Engineers, 1. edition, Dearborn, MI, 275 p.
 Meredith, J. (1987): The strategic advantages of new manufacturing technologies for small firms. Strategic Manufacturing Journal, 8, pp. 249–258.
 Denton, P.D., Hodgson, A. (1997): Implementing strategy-led BPR in a small manufacturing company. In: Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on FACTORY 2000 – The Technology Exploitation Process Conference Publication. Venue Churchill College, Cambridge, UK, pp. 1–8.
 Safayeni, F., Purdy, L., Van Engelen, R., Pal, S. (1991): Difficulties of just-in-time implementation. International Journal of Operations ---amp--- Production Management, 2(7), pp. 27–36.
 Hanga, P., Taratoukhine, V., Roy, R., Nelder, G. (2004): The application of lean manufacturing within small and medium sized enterprises. In: Proceedings of International Conference on Manufacturing Research, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield.
 Achanga, P., Shehab, E., Roy, R., Nelder, G. (2005): Lean manufacturing to improve cost effectiveness of SMEs. In: Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Stimulating Manufacturing Excellence in SMEs, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow.
 Assessing for lean six sigma implementation and success [online]. Six Sigma Advantage, 2000 [cited 10/10/2005]. Available on: http://software.isixsigma.com.
 Baker, J., McInturff, P. (2007): Small shop dynamics: time and technology. Communications of the IIMA, California, 7(3), pp. 109–118.
 Matt, D.T., Rauch E. (2013): Implementation of Lean Production in small sized Enterprises, 8th CIRP Conference on Intelligent Computation in Manufacturing Engineering.
 James, J., Frederick, M. (2001): The Lean Company Making The Right Choices, Society of Manufacturing Engineers, Dearborn, Michigan.
 Smith, R., Hawkins, B. (2004). Lean Maintenance, Elsevier Inc., Oxford, 278 p.
 Tanasić, T., Kosec, B., Janjić G., Soković M. (2014): LEAN and LCA – system approach, ETIKUM 2014, Novi Sad.
 Womack, J.P., Jones, D.T. (1996). Lean Thinking, Simon ---amp--- Schuster, New York, 350 p.
 Doolen, T., Hacker, M. (2005): A Review of Lean Assessment in Organizations: An exploratory study of lean practices by electronics manufacturers. Journal of Manufacturing Systems, 24(1), pp. 55–67.
 Martić, R., Tanasić, Z., Janjić, G. (2017): Implementation of LEAN Concept in SMEs. In: 13th International Conference on Accomplishments in Mechanical and Industrial Engineering – DEMI 2017, Banja Luka, 26–27 May 2017, pp. 773–778.
 The Structure of Lean Manufacturing ---amp--- Lean Management: All tools and concepts [online]. The house of lean, [cited 4/10/2019]. Available on: https://www.slideshare.net.
 Tanasić, Z., Petković S., Janjić, G., Kosec, B. (2019): Application of Lean concept in the ELAS Metalexpert company. In: 14th International Conference on Accomplishments in Mechanical and Industrial Engineering – DEMI 2019, Banja Luka, 24–25 May 2019, pp. 597–603.
 Tanasić, Z., Janjić, G., Bobrek, M., (2016). Organizacija i menadžment, University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering.