Investigation of Land Use Types on Physical and Chemical Properties of Soil in a Basement Terrain

Open access


We assessed the effect of different land use types on the physical and chemical properties of soil. We analysed three cases. Nine soil samples were taken at different depths (0–10, 10–20 and 20–30 cm) from three locations, namely, sawmill, dumpsite and market. Analyses were carried out to determine the influences on the physical and chemical properties of the soil. All the land types had considerably high sand contents, with minor silt and clay. Available phosphorus and the exchangeable bases were significantly (p ≤ 0.05) affected by land use and soil depth. Moisture content (p ≤ 0.05) was significantly affected by land use, while bulk density (p ≤ 0.01) was significantly affected by soil depth. Soil organic matter and carbon were also generally low in all three locations. Consequently, ameliorative land management practices have to be adopted to prevent nutrient loss and land degradation.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • [1] Senjobi B.A and Ogunkunle A. O. (2011). Effect of Different Land Use Types and Their Implication on Land Degradation and Productivity in Ogun Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development 3(1): 7–18.

  • [2] Ufot U.O. Iren O.B. and Chikere Njoku C.U. (2016). Effects of Land Use on Soil Physical and Chemical Properties in Akokwa Area of Imo State Nigeria. International Journal of Life Science and Scientific Resources 2(3): 273–278.

  • [3] Gol (2009). Effects of Land Use Change on Soil Properties and Organic Carbon at Dagdami River Catchment in Turkey. Journal of Environmental Biology 30: 825–830.

  • [4] Mengistu C. Kibebew K. Tarekegn F. (2017). Influence of Different Land Use Types and Soil Depths on Selected Soil Properties Related to Soil Fertility in Warandhab Area Horo Guduru Wallaga Zone Oromiya Ethiopia. International Journal of Environmental Sciences and Natural Resources 4(2): 001–011.

  • [5] Ágota H. Eszter T. Györgyi G. Ilona K. Zsófia B. and Csilla F.(2015). Effects of Land Use and Management on Soil Hydraulic Properties. De Gruyter Open Geoscience 1:742–754.

  • [6] Offiong I. (2009). Effects of Land Use Change on Soil Physico-Chemical Properties in a South-Southern Nigeria. African Journal of Environmental Pollution and Health 7: 47–51.

  • [7] Deekor T.N. Iwara A.I. Ogundele F.O. Amiolemen S.O. and Ita A. E. (2012). Changes in Soil Properties under Different Land Use Covers in Parts of Odukpani Cross River State Nigeria. Journal of Environmental and Ecology 3 (1): 86–99. 3 (1).

  • [8] Olurin O.T. Ganiyu S.A. Hammed O.S. and Aluko T.J. (2016). Interpretation of Aeromagnetic Data over Abeokuta and its Environs Southwest Nigeria using Spectral Analysis (Fourier Transform Technique). RMZ – Materials and Geoenvironment (63): 199–212. RMZ – M&G

  • [9] Bouyoucos (1951). A Recalibration of the Hydrometer Method for Making Mechanical Analysis of Soils. Agronomy Journal 43: 434–438.

  • [10] Dane J.H and Topp G.C. (2002). Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 4: Physical Methods. Soil Science Society of America 51: 980–1115.

  • [11] Walkley A. and Black C.A. (1934): An Examination of the Degtjareff Method for Determining Soil Organic Matter and a Proposed Modification of the Chromic Acid Titration Method. Soil Science 37: 2938.

  • [12] Bray R.H. and Kurtz L.T. (1945): Determination of Total Organic and Available Forms of Phosphorus in Soils. Soil Science 59: 39–45.

  • [13] Bremner (1996). Nitrogen-total in Sparks D. Page A. Helmke P. Loeppert R. Soltanpour P. Tabatabai M. Johnston C. and Sumner M. Methods of Soil Analysis Part 3- Chemical Methods. Soil Science Society of America USA pp. 1085–1121.

  • [14] Anikwe M.A.N. and Nwobodo K.C.A. (2002). Long Term Effect of Municipal Waste Disposal on Soil Properties and Productivity of Sites used for Urban Agriculture in Abakaliki Nigeria. Bioresources Technology 83: 241–250.

  • [15] Elias P. and Gbadegesin A. (2011). Spatial Relationships of Urban Land Use Soils and Heavy Metal Concentrations in Lagos Mainland Area. Journal of Applied Science and Environmental Management 15 (2): 391–399.

  • [16] Olsen S.R. Cole C.V. Watanable F.S. and Dean L.A. (1954). Estimation of Available Phosphorus in Soil by Extraction with Sodium Bicarbonate. USDA Circular 939: 1–19.

  • [17] Berhanu D (1980). The Physical Criteria and Their Rating Proposed for Land Evaluation in the Highland Region of Ethiopia. Land Use Planning and Regulatory Department MoA Addis Ababa Ethiopia 8(3): 1990–6145.

  • [18] Senjobi B.A. (2007). Comparative Assessment of the Effect of Land Use and Land Type on Soil Degradation and Productivity in Ogun State Nigeria. Published Ph.D. Thesis submitted to the Department of Agronomy University of Ibadan Ibadan Nigeria. pp. 161. Ibadan

  • [19] Senjobi B.A. and Ogunkunle O.A. (2010). Effect of Land Use on Soil Degradation and Soil Productivity Decline on Alfisols and Ultisols in Ogun State in Southern Western Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Conspectus Science 75(1): 9–19.

  • [20] Owolabi O. Adeleye A. Oladeje B.T. and Ojeniyi S.O. (2003). Effect of Wood Ash on Soil Fertility and Crop Yield in Southwest Nigeria. Nigeria Journal of Soil Science 13: 55–60.

  • [21] R. N. Roy A. Finck G. J. Blair and H. L. S. Tandon FAO Fertilizer and Plant Nutrition Bulletin 16. Plant Nutrition for Food Security. A Guide for Integrated Nutrient Management FAO Rome Italy 2006 Rome Italy.

  • [22] Landon J.R. (1991). Booker Tropical Soil Manual. Longman Scientific and Technical Essex UK. pp. 474.

  • [23] Okonkwo C.I. Arinzechukwu P. and Njoku C. (2013). Changes in Physical and Chemical Properties of Soil in Timber Sawmill Dumpsite in Abakaliki Abakaliki Southeastern Nigeria. British Journal of Environment and Climate Change 3(2): 215–228.

Journal information
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 122 122 15
PDF Downloads 100 100 17