Car-motorcycle accidents have been reported higher in recent years in Hungary due to increasing number of motorbikes on road. Car-motorcycle collisions mostly lead to fatal and seriously injured accidents mainly due to the vulnerability of motorcyclists and other related factors. The crash investigation studies aim to analyze the main contributing factors that cause fatal road accidents and injury outcomes. The main goal of this study is to evaluate and compare the contributing factors to car-motorcycle accidents in Budapest city by using a microsimulation tool. The procedure utilized the statistical analysis and data sampling to categorize car-motorcycle accidents by dominant accident types based on collision configurations. The police report is used as a data source for designated accidents and simulation models are plotted according to scale (M 1:200). The simulation crash study results observed the main contributing factors to car-motorcycle accidents such as driver behavior, rider behavior and view obstruction. The comprehensive in-depth investigation also found that most of the car drivers and riders could not perform collision avoidance manoeuvres before the collision. This study can help the traffic safety authorities to solve road safety issues by considering the main contributing factors to car-motorcycle collisions. The study also proposes safety measures to avoid car-motorcycle accidents in future.
. NHTSA (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration). “National Motor Vehicle Crash Causation Survey”, U.S department of transportation, 2008.
. S ESPIÉA, A BOUBEZOULB, S AUPETITB, S BOUAZIZ: “Data collection and processing tools for naturalistic study of powered two-wheelers users’ behaviours”, Accident Analysis and Prevention, vol. 58, pp. 330-339, 2013.
. P VAN ESLANDE: “Erreurs de conduite et besoins d’aide: une approche accidentologique en ergonomie”, Le travail humain, vol. 66. No. 3, 2003.
. M. A ELLIOTT, B. J BAUGHAN, B. F SEXTON: “Errors and violations in relation to motorcyclists’ crash risk”, Accident Analysis and Prevention, vol. 39, pp. 491-499, 2007.
. M. B HERSLUND, N. O JORGENSEN: “Looked-but-failed-to-see-errors in traffic”, Accident Analysis and Prevention, vol. 35, pp. 885-891, 2003.
. I. D BROWN: “A review of the ‘look but failed to see’ accident causation factor”, In: In Behavioural Research in Road Safety XI seminar, Department of Transport, Local Government and the Regions, London, pp. 116-124, 2002.
. D. D CLARKE, P WARD, C BARTLE, T WENDY: “The role of motorcyclist and other driver behaviour in two types of serious accident in the UK,” Accident Analysis and Prevention, vol. 39, pp. 974-981, 2007.
. D. D CLARKE, P WARD, C BARTLE, W TRUMAN: “In-depth study of motorcycle accidents”, Road Safety Research Report No. 54, Department for Transport, London. 2004.
. P. CHIH-WEI: “Motorcyclist injury severity in angle crashes at T-junctions: Identifying significant factors and analyzing what made motorists fail to yield to motorcycles”, Safety Science, vol. 47, pp. 1097–1106, 2009.
. M. A MACHIN, K. S SANKEY: “Relationships between young drivers’ personality characteristics, risk perceptions, and driving behavior”, Accident Analysis and Prevention, vol. 40, pp. 541–547, 2008.
. R WATANABE, T KATSUHARA, H MIYAZAKI, Y KITAGAWA, T YASUKI: “Research of the relationship of pedestrian injury to collision speed, car-type, impact location and pedestrian sizes using Human FE Model”, Proceeding of the 56th Stapp Car Crash Conference, Savannah, Georgia, pp. 29–31, 2012.
. M PIERINI, H CAPPON, J KÖNIG, B GARCIA, F LOPEZ-VALDES: “Motorcyclists”, Accident national data, APROSYS SP4 – TIP3-CT-2004-50650, 2005.
. W WOJCIECH: “Calculation reliability in vehicle accident reconstruction”, Forensic Science International, vol. 263, pp. 27-38, 2016.
. G JACOBS, A AERON-THOMAS, A ASTROP: “Estimating Global Road Fatalities”, TRL, Report 445, Crowthorne, Berkshire, UK, 2000.
. M. R BAMBACH, R. J MITCHELL: “Safe system approach to reducing serious injury risk in motorcyclist collisions with fixed hazards”, Accident Analysis and Prevention, vol. 74, pp. 290-296, 2015.
. K SICINSKA, A ZIELINSKA: “In-depth investigation on scene of an accident – pilot study of DaCoTa (road safety data, collection transfer and analysis) project”, Transport problems, vol. 11, no. 1, 2016.
. M. GREEN: “How long does it take to stop? Methodological analysis of driver perception-brake times”, Transportation Human Factors, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 195–216, 2000.
. K. H TANG: “A field study on validation of supplemental brake lamp with flashing turn signals for motorcycles”, International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, vol. 31, pp. 295–302, 2003.
. ACEM. “In-depth investigations of accidents involving powered two wheelers”, Final report 2, Avenue de la Joyeuse Entrée 1 – 1040, Brussels, 2004.
. T ALLENA, S NEWSTEAD, M. G LENNÉ, R MCCLURE, P HILLARD, M SYMMONS, L DAY: “Contributing factors to motorcycle injury crashes in Victoria, Australia”, Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, vol. 45, pp. 157-168, 2017.
. N HAWORTH, R SMITH, I BRUMEN, N PRONK: “Case-control study of motorcycle crashes”, CR 174, 770X, Canberra ACT 2601: Federal Office of Road Safety, 1997.
. M. A MOLINERO, E CARTER, C. L QUIGLEY, M. C SIMON: “Accident causation and pre-accidental driving situations”, Overview and general statistics, Traffic Accident Causation in Europe [TRACE], pp. 1-77, 2008.
. M Møller, S Haustein: “Factors contributing to young moped rider accidents in Denmark”, Accident Analysis and Prevention, vol. 87, pp. 1-7, 2016.
. C.W PAI, “Motorcycle right-of-way accidents—A literature review”, Accident Analysis and Prevention, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 971-982, 2011.
. T BRENAC, N CLABAUX, C PERRIN, P VAN ESLANDE: “Motorcyclist conspicuity related accidents in urban areas: a speed problem?”, Advances in Transportation Studies, vol. 8, no. A, pp. 23–29, 2006.
. K KIM, J BOSKI: “Finding fault in motorcycle crashes in Hawaii– environmental, temporal, spatial, and human factors”, Transportation Research Record, vol. 1779, pp. 182–188, 2001.
. D FAROOQ, J JUHASZ: Simulation Analysis of Contributing Factors to Rider Visibility Issues for Car-Motorcycle Accidents. Periodica Polytechnica Transportation Engineering, 2019.
. M KRAFFT, A KULLGREN, A LIE, J STRANDROTH: “The effects of automatic emergency braking on fatal and serious injuries”, Proceeding of the 21st International Technical Conference on the Enhanced Safety of Vehicles Conference (ESV), Stuttgart, Germany, 2009.
. E AVINERI, P GOODWIN: Individual Behaviour Change: Evidence in Transport and Public Health. Project Report, Department for Transport, London, 2010.
. G KOS, P BRLEK, K MEIC, K VIDOVIC: “Increase the safety of road traffic accidents by applying clustering”, Romanian journal of transport infrastructure, vol. 2, no.2, 2013.