Assessment of Traffic Noise Pollution Due to Urban Residential Road Transport

Elena Lezhneva 1 , Katerina Vakulenko 2 ,  und Andrii Galkin 3
  • 1 Kharkiv National Automobile and Highway University,
  • 2 O. M. Beketov National University of Urban Economy in Kharkiv,
  • 3 O. M. Beketov National University of Urban Economy in Kharkiv,

Abstract

The problem of combating urban noise is closely linked to the rational transformation of the urban environment, which must go through the elimination or reduction of the number of sources of noise, the localization of the noise emission zone, reducing the level of sound sources and protection against noise for the residential areas. Theoretical and experimental studies of acoustic loading on the territory along the highway for the typical section of the urban territory have been conducted. To estimate the complex noise impact from all sources and from individual sources, as well as to predict the total noise exposure for this site, a noise map was constructed using software. As a measure to combat traffic noise in the territory along the highway, the location of the noise protection screen was justified, taking into account the loss of part of the national income as a result of the continuous impact of noise on a person.The results of the research allow to assess the degree of technogenic impact of noise pollution during the operation of the highway, which allows regulating, by administrative and legislative methods, the nature of the impact on natural objects and human health of certain types of activities, as well as reasonably proposing measures that ensure environmental safety when organizing urban streets traffic.

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