This article sketches the cultural significance that garden manuals had in England, from exemplifying a pleasurable and an aesthetic activity to encouraging the setting up of a profitable business. By investigating gardening manuals and treatises from the period, this study argues that eighteenth-century gardening manuals played an important role in shaping the cultural meanings of English gardens, in conveying “a practical knowledge of gardening, to gentlemen and young professors, who delight in that useful and agreeable study” (Abercrombie, The Preface, 1767) and in producing an original type of discourse which was employed to describe and represent the newly created professions.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
Abercrombie John. 1767. Every Man his own Gardener. Being a New and much more Complete Gardener’s Kalendar Than Anyone Hitherto Published. London: Printed for W. Griffin.
Abercrombie John and Mawe Thomas. 1778. The Universal Gardener and Botanist; Or A General Dictionary of Gardening and Botany. Exhibiting in Botanical Arrangement according to the Linnæan System Every Tree Shrub and Herbaceous Plant that merit Culture either for Use Ornament or Curiosity in Every Department of Gardening. London: Printed for G. Robinson T. Cadell Jun. and W. Davies.
Bradley Richard. 1739. New Improvements of Planting and Gardening both Philosophical and Practical. In Three Parts. London: Printed for A. Bettesworth and C. Hitch.
Bushnell Rebecca W. 2003. Green Desire: Imagining Early Modern English Gardens. Ithaca & New York: Cornell University Press.
Crawford Rachel. 2002. PoetryEnclosure and the Vernacular Landscape 1700-1830. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Goldish Matt. 1998. Judaism in the Theology of Sir Isaac Newton. Volume 157 of Archives internationales d’histoire des idées. Springer Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Goody Jack. 1993. The Culture of Flowers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hazard Paul. 1973. Criza conştiinţei europene. 1680-1715. (La crise de la conscience Européenne 1680-1715 Librairie Arthème Fayard 1961). Trans. Sanda Şora. Prefaced by Romul Munteanu. Bucureşti: Univers.
Henderson Paula. 2012. “Clinging to the Past: Medievalism in the English ‘Renaissnace’ Garden” in Locus Amoenus: Gardens and Horticulture in the Renaissnace. Alexander Samson (Ed.) London: Wiley-Blackwell (an imprint of John Wiley & Sons Ltd) pp. 42-69.
Hunter Paul J. 1990. Before Novels. The Cultural Contexts of Eighteenth-Century English Fiction. New York London: Norton.
Laird Mark. 1999. The Flowering of the Landscape Garden: English Pleasure Grounds 1720-1800. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Landsberg Sylvia. 1995. The Medieval Garden. New York: Thames and Hudson.
Langley Batty. 1728. New Principles of Gardening: Or The Laying Out and Planting Parterres Groves Wildernesses Labyrinths Avenues Parks etc. After a more Grand and Rural Manner than has been done before; With Experimental Directions for Raising the Several Kinds of Fruit-Trees Forest-Trees Ever-Greens and Flowering-Shrubs with which Gardens are Adorn’d. London: Printed for A. Bettesworth and J. Batley.
Loudon John Claudius. 1822. An Encyclopaedia of Gardening; Comprising the Theory and Practice of Horticulture Floriculture Arboriculture and Landscape-Gradening Including All the Latest Improvements; A General History of Gardening in All Countries; And a Statistical View of its Present State with Suggestions for its Future Progress in the British Isles. London: Printed for Longman Hurst Rees Orme and Brown.
Low Anthony. 1985. The Georgic Revolution. Princeton & New York: Princeton University Press.
Miller Philip. 1735. The Gardeners Dictionary: Containing the Methods of Cultivating and Improving the Kitchen Fruit and Flower Garden as Also the Physick Garden Wilderness Conservatory and Vineyard. In Two Volumes. London: printed for the Author.
Munroe Jennifer. 2008. Gender and the Garden in Early Modern English Literature. Aldershot: Ashgate.
Thacker Christopher. 1985 (1979). The History of Gardens. California: University of California Press.
Tusser Thomas. 1812 (1557). Five Hundred Points of Good Husbandryas well for the Champion or Open Country as for the Woodland or Several together with a Book of Huswifery Being a Calendar of Rural and Domestic Economy For Every Month in the Year; And Exhibiting a Picture of the Agriculture Customs and Manners of England in the Sixteenth Century. London: Printed for Lackington Allen & Co.