Maturity Onset Diabetes of the Young – An Overview of Common Types. A Review

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Abstract

Background and aims: Maturity Onset diabetes in Young (MODY) is an autosomal dominant disease and according to an estimate, the MODY cases are 2% of all the diabetic cases. The objective was to review the common types of MODY reported in literature in context to their geographical areas. Material and method: For literature search, PubMed data base was used. The key word was “Maturity onset diabetes of the young”. The articles were reviewed by titles and if found relevant, the abstract and full article (if available) were retrieved. The studies that were published in English, presented original data and describe type of MODY were included. The information related to author, year of publication and type of MODY was extracted in excel sheet. Results: A total of 1135 studies resulted which were reviewed, and 206 articles were finally selected. The studies were grouped according to the regions i.e. Asia, Europe, America, Africa and Australia & Oceania. The MODY 2 was most prevalent in regions i.e. Asia, Europe, America and Australia & Oceania followed by MODY 3. When analysed according to countries, MODY 2 was found prevalent in India, Korea, UK, Italy, Spain, Czech Republic, Canada and Brazil while MODY 3 was common in Japan, China, France Norway and Germany. Conclusion: The MODY 2 was most common. The data from south Asian countries including Pakistan is lacking. As there is a huge burden of diabetes in the country so there is a dire need to do large scale studies on MODY in the country.

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Romanian Journal of Diabetes Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases

The Journal of Romanian Society of Diabetes Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases

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CiteScore 2017: 0.11

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