The Impact of Psychological Interventions on the Quality of Life of Diabetes Mellitus Patient

Open access


Background and aims: The theory regarding the psychological factors as etiologic agents that trigger the somatic diseases has gained more and more ground in the past few years, successfully repeating that the human being is a bio-psycho-social entity. In order to render the psychological interventions more efficient in the management of the psychosomatic diseases, this research aims to detect and modify, even treat throught psychological interventions those configurations of the early maladaptive schemes and coping styles that stick form together in the so-called acquired vulnerability which makes the person liable to an inappropriate reaction against stress, and also to track the effects of these changes on somatic indicators of diabetes mellitus. Material and methods: Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and paired T-test were used for analysing subjects` responses at three psychological instruments, evolution of blood pressure, body mass index, drug units, hospitalisation days, medical leave days, depressive symptoms before and after 10-12 psychological interventions sessions. Results: Results draw the attention once again upon the multiple directions of intervention and especially of prevention in case of the psychosomatic disease, in particular diabetes mellitus. Conclusions: Psychological intervention in the early stages of diabetes is a major contributor to the management of this disease.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • 1. Iamandescu IB. Stress and internal diseases. ALL Press Bucureşti pp. 35-114 1993.

  • 2. Iamandescu IB. Medical psychology second edition. Infomedica Press Bucureşti pp. 68-101 1996.

  • 3. Iamandescu IB. Psychoneuroallergology. Romcartexim Press Bucureşti pp. 52-154 1998.

  • 4. Cohen S Edwards JR. Personality characteristics as moderators of the relationship between stress and disorder. In: Advances in the investigation of psychological stress. RWJ Neufeld (eds) J. Wiley & Sons Press New York City pp. 112-154 1989.

  • 5. Davey GCL Wells A. Worry and its psychological disorders: theory assessment and treatment J. Wiley & Sons Press New York City pp. 114-186 2006.

  • 6. Bruchon-Schweitzer M Danzer R. Introduction à la psychologie de la santé. Presse Univ. de France Paris pp. 21-134 1994.

  • 7. Fradin J. Gestion du stress et suivi nutritionnel. Médecine et Nutrition Paris pp. 53-178 2003.

  • 8. Fradin J. Personnalité et psychophysiopathologie nouvelle hypothèse en thérapie neurocognitive et comportementale. Publibook Paris pp. 23-201 2006.

  • 9. Leedom LJ Meehan WP Zeidler A. Avoidance responding in mice with diabetes mellitus. Physiol Behav 40: 447-451 1987.

  • 10. Pawaskar MD Anderson RT Balkrishnan R. Self-reported predictors of depressive symptomatology in an elderly population with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a prospective cohort study. Health Qual Life Outcomes 5: 50 2007.

  • 11. D'Zurilla TJ Goldfried MR. Problem solving and behavior modification. J Abnorm Psychol 78: 107-126 1971.

  • 12. D'Zurilla TJ Nezu A. Social problem solving in adults. In: Advances in cognitive behavioral research and therapy 1st edition. Kennedy PC (eds) Academic Press New York pp. 201-274 1987.

  • 13. Ikemi Y. Integration of Eastern and Western psychosomatic medicine Kyushu Univ. Press Tokyo pp. 76-117 1995.

  • 14. Kobasa SC. Stressful life events personality and health: an inquiry into hardiness. J Pers Soc Psychol 37: 1-11 1979.

  • 15. Kok GJ de Vries H Mudde AN Strecher VJ. Planned health education and the role of self-efficacy: Dutch research. Health Education Research 6: 231-238 1991.

  • 16. Sarason IG Johnson JH Siegel SM. Assessing the impact of life changes: development of the Life Experiences Survey. J Consult Clin Psychol 46: 932-946 1978.

  • 17. Hilsenroth MJ Segal DL Hersen M. Comprehensive handbook of psychological assessment.Vol.2 Personality assessment Wiley New York 2004.

  • 18. Snyder CR. Coping with stress: effective people and processes. Oxford University Press New York pp. 38-163 2001.

  • 19. de Vries H Backbier E Kok G Dijkstra M. The impact of social influences in the context of attitude self-efficacy intention and previous behavior as predictors of smoking onset. J Appl Social Psychol 25: 237-257 1995.

  • 20. de Vries H Dijkstra M Kuhlman P. Selfefficacy: third factor besides attitude and subjective norm as a predictor of behavioral intentions. Health Educ Res 3: 273-282 1988.

  • 21. Carver CS Scheier MF Weintraub JK. Assessing coping strategies: a theoretically based approach. J Pers Soc Psychol 56: 267-283 1989.

  • 22. Stone A Neale J. New measure of daily coping: development and preliminary results. J Pers Soc Psychol 46: 892-906 1984.

  • 23. Wells A. Cognitive therapy of anxiety disorders. A practice manual and conceptual guide. John Wiley&Sons Press pp. 48-168 1997.

  • 24. Lazarus RS Folkman S. The concept of coping. In: Stress and coping. Springer Publishing Company New York pp. 12-97 1986.

  • 25. Lazarus RS Folkman S. Stress appraisal and coping. Springer Publishing Company New York pp. 6-144 1984.

  • 26. Lazarus RS Folkman S. Transactional theory and research on emotions and coping. Euro J Pers 1: 141-169 1987.

  • 27. Shaffer M. Life after stress. Plenum Press New York pp. 20-132 1982.

  • 28. Wolfe WB Adler A. The pattern of life 2nd edition. Alfred Adler Institute of Chicago Chicago pp. 23-98 1982.

  • 29. Folkman S Lazarus RS. Coping nd emotion. In: Stress and coping Springer Publishing Company New York pp. 207-227 1991.

  • 30. Wehrenberg M. The 10 best ever anxiety management techniques. W.W. Norton& Company Press pp. 6-147 2008.

  • 31. Fisher EB Walker EA Bostrom A et al. Behavioral science research in the prevention of diabetes: status and opportunities. Diabetes Care 25: 599-606 2002.

  • 32. Fisher P Wells A. Innovation in treating depression: metacognition acceptance behavioral activation and mindfulness. John Wiley & Sons Press pp.54-170 2013.

  • 33. Wing RR Goldstein MG Acton KJ et al. Behavioral science research in diabetes: lifestyle changes related to obesity eating behavior and physical activity. Diabetes Care 24: 117-123 2001.

  • 34. Gispen WH Biessels GJ. Cognition and synaptic plasticity in diabetes mellitus. Trends Neurosci 23: 542-549 2000.

  • 35. Giminez-Perez G Gonzalez-Clemente JM Mauricio D. Lifestyle interventions for preventing type 2 diabetes mellitus. Cochrane Database Syst Rev CD003054 2001.

  • 36. Wing RR Hamman RF Bray M. Achieving weight and activity goals among diabetes prevention program lifestyle participants. Obes Res 12: 1426-1434 2004.

  • 37. Friedman M Roseman RH. Type A behavior and your heart. Knopf New York pp. 32-51 1974.

  • 38. Oieru DS. Overinvested and subinvested coping mechanism in psychomatic disease in particular diabetes mellitus. In: Actual trends in apllied sciences. Universitaria Press Sibiu pp. 117-125 2011.

Journal information
Impact Factor

CiteScore 2018: 0.19

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.128
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.229

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 264 108 5
PDF Downloads 142 72 1