The concept of communication is a notorious one but at the same time, difficult to define precisely. However, many researchers recognize a number of attributes as easy to define and interpret. In this paper we will carry out a detailed analysis of each of these components of the basic model of communication (Hargie, O., Dickson, D. 2004, Dickson, 2001, Hargie and Tourish, 1999, Dickson et al., 1997). Interpersonal communication is a transactional, intentional, multidimensional, irreversible and (possibly) inevitable process. It is strictly determined by factors such as the situational context of the person, cognitive, affective or temporal elements. The participants in the communication carry and reflect the whole personal “baggage”, of which the accumulated knowledge and experiences, motives, interests, values, emotions, attitudes, expectations and personal dispositions are part. To these are added the self-image, the beliefs about one’s own abilities to succeed (self-efficacy). All these elements will determine the kind of meetings planned, the objectives selected, the persistence in achieving them, as well as the anticipation of possible rewards. Effective interpersonal involvement can be interpreted in terms of concepts such as: person-context, goals, mediation processes, responses, feedback and perception. We can think of spatial, temporal, relational and sometimes organizational frameworks in which the communication process is incorporated. The personal characteristics of the participants, together with the specifics of the situation, act to model the interaction. Also, the objectives pursued are determined by personal and situational factors. The plans and strategies for their realization come from the mediation processes and the strategy adopted accordingly, is reflected in the manifested answers, in behavioral and decision choices.
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