Regional Resilience in Ireland and The Existence of a Two-Tier Recovery

Open access

Abstract

This paper focuses on the increasing regional disparities in Ireland, especially since the great recession and assesses the degree to which the recovery has been concentrated in urban areas. Ireland was initially affected by the recession to a greater extent than other countries but has recovered strongly. However, this recovery has not been evenly distributed, with some regions showing greater economic resilience. Using descriptive statistics of GDP per capita (PPP), GVA and employment, this paper examines the extent to which the recovery has been a two-tier recovery. The paper finds evidence to suggest that the recovery has been heavily concentrated in Dublin, and to a lesser extent in Cork and Galway, resulting in an urban-rural divide.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Barro R. 1997. Determinants of economic growth. A cross-country empirical study. MIT Press Cambridge Massachusetts USA.

  • Berkes F. Folke C. 1998. Linking social and ecological systems: Management practices and social mechanisms for building resilience. Cambridge University Press Cambridge.

  • Brady A. 2014. Rise of the Celtic Phoenix. Shelflife. https://www.shelflife.ie/rise-of-the-celtic-phoenix/ (accessed: 16 September 2014).

  • Breathnach P. van Egeraat C. Curran D. 2015. Regional economic resilience in Ireland: The roles of industrial structure and foreign inward investment. Regional Studies Regional Science 2(1): 497–517. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21681376.2015.1088792

  • Churski P. 2014. Variations in the spatial distribution of areas of economic growth and stagnation in Poland: Determinants and consequences. Quaestiones Geographicae 33(2): 63–77.

  • Davoudi S. 2012. Resilience: A bridging concept or a dead end? Planning Theory and Practice 13(1): 299–307.

  • Dokic I. Frohlich Z. Bakaric I.R. 2016. The impact of the economic crisis on regional disparities in Croatia. Cambridge Journal of Regions Economy and Society 9(1): 179–195. https://doi.org/10.1093/cjres/rsv030

  • Dyba W. Loewen B. Looga J. Zdražil P. 2018. Regional development in Central-Eastern European countries at the beginning of the 21st century: Path dependence and effects of EU Cohesion Policy. Quaestiones Geographicae 37(2): 77–92.

  • Easterlin R. 1958. Long term regional income changes: Some suggested factors. Papers and Proceedings of the Regional Science Association Volume IV: 313–325

  • Eurostat 2018. Database. Online: ec.europa.eu/eurostat/data/database (accessed: 25 February 2018).

  • ESPON 2014. ECR2 – Economic crisis: Resilience of regions. Scientific Report. luxembourg: ESPON.

  • Fitzgerald J. 2014. Ireland’s recovery from crisis. CESifo Forum 2 (June).

  • Hassink R. 2010. Regional resilience: A promising concept to explain differences in regional economic adaptability? Cambridge Journal of Regions Economy and Society 3: 45–58.

  • Holling C.S. 1973. Resilience and stability of ecological systems. Annual Review of Ecological Systems 4: 1–23.

  • Holling C.S. 1996. Engineering resilience versus ecological resilience In: Schulze P.C. (ed.) Engineering within ecological constraints. National Academy Press Washington DC: 31–44.

  • Kelly E. Barrett A. 2017. Atypical work and Ireland’s labour market collapse and recovery. The Economic and Social Review 48(4): 463–488.

  • Krugman P. 1991. Increasing returns and economic geography. Journal of Political Economy 99(3): 483–499.

  • Lupah L. 2018. Socio-economic characteristics of resilient localities – experiences from Slovenia. Regional Studies Regional Science 5(1): 149–156. https://doi.org/10.1080/21681376.2018.1459202

  • Martin R. 2012. Regional economic resilience hysteresis and recessionary shocks. Journal of Economic Geography 12(1): 1–32. https://doi.org/10.1093/jeg/lbr019

  • Martin R. Sunley P. 2015. On the notion of regional economic resilience: Conceptualization and explanation. Journal of Economic Geography 15(1): 1–42. https://doi.org/10.1093/jeg/lbu015

  • Morgenroth E. 2014. Two-speed recovery? Spatial development in Ireland. ESRI Research Notes 4/2.

  • O’Hora A. Kelpie C. 2014. German finance minister Wolf-gang Schaeuble: Germany jealous of Irish growth figures. The Independent. https://www.independent.ie/business/irish/german-finance-minister-wolfgang-schaeuble-germany-jealous-of-irish-growth-figures-30707713.html (accessed: 31 October 2014).

  • Reilly J. 2014. Ireland is spending nation once again as Celtic Phoenix rises. The Independent. https://www.independent.ie/irish-news/news/ireland-is-a-spending-nationonce-again-as-celtic-phoenix-rises-30531688.html (accessed: 24 August 2014).

  • Ruane F. 2016. Ireland – a remarkable economic recovery? The Australian Economic Review 49(3): 241–250.

  • Simmie J. Martin R. 2010. The economic resilience of regions: Towards an evolutionary approach. Cambridge Journal of Regions Economy and Society 3(1): 27–43. https://doi.org/10.1093/cjres/rsp029

  • Solow R. 1956. A contribution to the theory of economic growth. The Quarterly Journal of Economics 70(1): 65–94.

  • Weston C. 2015. Urban-rural divide widens as capital booms. The Independent. https://www.independent.ie/business/personal-finance/property-mortgages/urban-rural-divide-widens-as-capital-booms-31167364.html (accessed: 24 April 2015).

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor


CiteScore 2018: 0.83

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.236
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.461

Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 125 125 3
PDF Downloads 117 117 4