Vaccination Against Influenza: Attitude of Health Care Personnel in a Multidisciplinary Hospital in Latvia

Open access

Abstract

Health care personnel (HCP) are at high risk of acquiring influenza due to exposure to patients. However, vaccination in HCP is lower than 40% for most European countries. The aim of this study was to determine the attitude towards influenza vaccination and possible reasons for this attitude in HCP. A cross-sectional study was performed in a multidisciplinary hospital of Latvia. The sample (n = 1099) included doctors (239), nurses (418), care services (236), administrative staff (108), and technical support staff (98). Five questions addressed vaccination of planned patients and HCP, knowledge of etiological anti-influenza drugs, and their storage at the hospital for immediate use. The results revealed that the level of regular vaccination against influenza in HCP was relatively low (14%). This contrasted with a more positive attitude towards vaccination of patients (53%) and personnel (60%). This contrast provided evidence for a low level of proactive action. High expectations regarding medications covered by the hospital (82%) indicated transferring of part of personal responsibility to the organisation. Doctors demonstrated a better understanding of the problem and a higher level of vaccination. However, some of doctors’ attitudes showed underestimation of influenza-associated risk.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Anonymous (2017). Slimību profilakses un kontroles centrs. Pārskats par saslimstību ar akūtām augšējo elpceļu infekcijām (AAEI) un gripu 2016.–2017. gada epidēmiskajā sezonā. [Center for Disease Prevention and Control. Overview of acute upper respiratory tract infections and influenza during the epidemic season 2016–2017] (in Latvian). Available from: https://www.spkc.gov.lv/upload/Datu%20bazes/gripa_2016_2017_sezona_1.pdf (accessed 15 May 2019).

  • Anonymous (2018). Slimību profilakses un kontroles centrs. Pārskats par saslimstību ar akūtām augšējo elpceļu infekcijām (AAEI) un gripu 2017.–2018. gada epidēmiskajā sezonā. [Center for Disease Prevention and Control. Overview of acute upper respiratory tract infections and influenza during the epidemic season 2017–2018] (in Latvian). Available from: https://www.spkc.gov.lv/upload/Infekcijas%20slim%C4%ABbas/Bileteni/2018.gads/09.2018./eb_gripa_aaei_2017_2018_sezona.pdf (accessed 15 May 2019).

  • Black C. L. Yue X. Ball S. W. Donahue S. M. A. Izrael D. de Perio M. A. Laney A. S. Williams W. W. Lindley M. C. Graitcer S. B. Lu P. Bridges C. B. DiSogra C. Sokolowski J. Walker D. K. Greby S. M. (2015). Influenza vaccination coverage among health care personnel – United States 2014–15 influenza season. MMWR Morb. Mortal Wkly Rep.64 (36) 993–999.

  • Cozza V. Alfonsi V. Rota M. C. Paolini V. Atti M. L. C. (2015). Promotion of influenza vaccination among health care workers: Findings from a tertiary care children’s hospital in Italy. BMC Public Health15 697.

  • Hagemeister M. H. Stock N. K. Ludwig T. Heuschmann P. Vogel U. (2018). Self-reported influenza vaccination rates and attitudes towards vaccination among health care workers: Results of a survey in a German university hospital. Public Health154 102–109.

  • Heckhausen J. Wrosch C. Schulz R. (2010). A motivational theory of life-span development. Psychol. Rev.117 32–60.

  • Hulo S. Nuvoli A. Sobaszek A. Salembier-trichard A. (2017). Knowledge and attitudes towards influenza vaccination of health care workers in emergency services. Vaccine35 205–207.

  • James P. B. Rehman I. U. Bah A. J. Lahai M. Cole C. P. Khan T. M. (2017). An assessment of healthcare professionals’ knowledge about and attitude towards influenza vaccination in Freetown Sierra Leone: A cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health17 692.

  • Jorgensen P. Mereckiene J. Cotter S. Johansen K. Tsolova S. Brown C. (2018). How close are countries of the WHO European Region to achieving the goal of vaccinating 75% of key risk groups against influenza? Results from national surveys on seasonal influenza vaccination programmes 2008/2009 to 2014/2015. Vaccine36 442–452.

  • Maltezou H. C. Poland G. A. (2014). Vaccination policies for healthcare workers in Europe. Vaccine32 4876–4880.

  • Palache A. Oriol-Mathieu V. Fino M. Xydia-Charmanta M. on behalf of the influenza vaccine supply task force (IFPMA IVS) (2015). Seasonal influenza vaccine dose distribution in 195 countries (2004–2013): Little progress in estimated global vaccination coverage. Vaccine33 5598–5605.

  • Pearson M. L. Bridges C. B. Harper S. A. (2006). Influenza Vaccination of Health-Care Personnel Recommendations of the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC) and the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). MMWR Recomm. Rep.55 (2) 1–20.

  • Shefer A. Atkinson W. Friedman C. Kuhar D. T. Mootrey G. Bialek S. R. Cohn A. Fiore A. Grohskopf L. Liang J. L. Lorick S. A. Marin M. Mintz E. Murphy T. V. Newton A. Fiebelkorn A. P. Seward J. Wallace G. (2011). Immunization of health-care personnel: Recommendations of the advisory committee on immunization practices (ACIP). MMWR Recomm. Rep.60 (7) 1–45.

  • Stewart A. M. Cox M. A. (2013). State law and influenza vaccination of health care personnel. Vaccine31 827–832.

  • To K. W. Lai A. Lee K. C. K. Koh D. Lee S. S. (2016). Increasing the coverage of influenza vaccination in healthcare workers: Review of challenges and solutions. J. Hospital Infect.94 133–142.

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor


CiteScore 2018: 0.3

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.137
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.192

Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 145 145 11
PDF Downloads 106 106 7