Macro and Trace Elements in Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) Breeds in Latvia Depending on Variety, Environment, and Agricultural Practice

Open access

Abstract

The aim of the study was to determine concentrations of 13 macro and trace elements in different barley genotypes depending on the year of growth (2011, 2012, and 2013) and agricultural practice (conventional/organic). Cd, Pb, Cr, Ni, and Al concentrations were determined by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry and K, Na, Zn, Cu, Ca, Mg, Mn, and Fe concentrations by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Statistically different concentrations of Cr, Cu, and Zn occurred among genotypes; for Ca, Mn, and Fe concentrations between barley grains, grown conventionally and organically; for Cr and Ni concentrations between hulled and hull-less grain and for Cd, Cr, Ni, Cu, Zn, Al, K, and Na concentrations among the study years. Concentrations of potentially hazardous elements were low (Cd < 0.005–0.027, Pb 0.013–0.066, Cr 0.111–0.327, Ni 0.161–1.264, Cu 2.8–4.7 and Al 1.62–6.09 mg·kg−1). Barley products can provide necessary macro and trace elements, especially of Mn, Mg, Fe, and Zn (7.8–16.1; 1024–1249; 29.2–52.9, and 20.5–33.7 mg·kg−1, respectively).

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Alexander P. D. Alloway B. J. Dourado A. M. (2006). Genotypic variation in the accumulation of Cd Cu Pb and Zn exhibited by six commonly grown vegetables. Environment Pollution 144 736–745.

  • Ali Mohamed H. H. Al-Qahtani K. M. (2012). Assessment of some heavy metals in vegetables cereals and fruits in Saudi Arabian markets. Egypt. J. Aquatic Res. 38 31–37.

  • Anonymous (1996). Trace Elements in Human Nutrition and Health. WHO 343 pp.

  • Anonymous (1999). AOAC official method 999.11. Determination of lead cadmium copper iron and zinc in foods. Atomic absorption spectrophotometry after dry ashing. First action 1999.

  • Anonymous (2004). Vitamin and Mineral Requirements in Human Nutrition. 2nd ed. WHO and FAO. 341 pp. Available at: http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/42716/1/9241546123.pdf (accessed at 03.03.2017).

  • Anonymous (2005). Public Health Assessment Guidance Manual. Appendix G: Calculating Exposure Doses. Agency of Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Available at: https://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/hac/phamanual/appg.html (accessed at 09.01.2017).

  • Anonymous (2013). FAO Statistical Year Book. World Food and Agriculture Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations Rome. 289 pp. Available at: (http://www.fao.org/docrep/018/i3107e/i3107e.PDF) (accessed 03.03.2017).

  • Anonymous (2006). Tolerable Upper Intake Levels for Vitamins and Minerals. European Food Safety Authority Brussels. 480 pp.

  • Anonymous (2013). Ministry of Health of the Republic of Latvia Healthy Food Microelements 2013 (in Latvian). Available at http://www.vm.gov.lv/lv/tava_veseliba/veseligs_uzturs/mikroelementi/ (accessed 17.02.2017).

  • Anonymous (2014a). Commission Regulation (EU) No 488/2014 amending Regulation (EC) No. 1881/2006 as regards maximum levels of cadmium in foodstuffs. Available at: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg/2014/488/oj (accessed 4 April 2018).

  • Anonymous (2014b). Ministry of Health of the Republic of Latvia. Healthy Food Mineral Substances (in Latvian). Available at http://www.vm.gov.lv/lv/tava_veseliba/veseligs_uzturs/mineralvielas/ (accessed 17.02.2017).

  • Anonymous (2015a). Central Statistical Bureau (CSB) of the Republic of Latvia MBG161. Consumption of food products average per household member per year (ECOICOP) 2015. Available at: http://data.csb.gov.lv/pxweb/en/Sociala/Sociala__ikgad__mb/MB0161.px/?rxid=e2bfcd92-a7dc-43cf-961d-e4c8b9ff5eef (accessed at 25.01.2017).

  • Anonymous (2015b). Commission Regulation (EU) 2015/1005 amending Regulation (EC) No. 1881/2006 as regards maximum levels of lead in certain foodstuffs. Available at: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg/2015/1005/oj (accessed 4 April 2018).

  • Anonymous (2016). Barley by area production and humidity. Eurostat. Available at: http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/tgm/refreshTableAction.do?tab=table&plugin=1&pcode=tag00051&language=en (accessed at 03.03.2017).

  • Anonymous (2017). EU Cereals Balance sheet 2016/2017 and forecast 2017/2018; Committee for the Common Organisation of Agricultural Markets 28th February 2017. Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/sites/agriculture/files/cereals/presentations/-oilseeds/balance-sheets-and-forecasts_en.pdf (accessed at 11.03.2017).

  • Askegaard M. Eriksen J. Johnston A. E. (2004). Sustainable management of potassium. In: Managing Soil Quality: Challenges in Modern Agriculture. Schjønning P. Elmholt S. Christensen B. T. (eds.). CABI Publishing pp. 85–102.

  • Baik B.-K. Ullrich S. E. (2008). Barley for food: Characteristics improvement and renewed interest. J. Cereal Sci. 48 233–242.

  • Bleidere M. Zute S. Brunava L. Bobere N. Jakobsone I. (2013a). Yield and grain quality of hulless spring barley in field trials under different nitrogen management conditions. Proc. Latvian Acad. Sci. Section B 67 (3) 229–235.

  • Bleidere M. Zute S. Jakobsone I. (2013b). Characterisation of physical and biochemical traits of hulless spring barley grain in Latvian breeding program. Proc. Latvian Acad. Sci. Section B67 (4/5) 399–404.

  • Bourn D. Prescott J. (2002). A comparison of the nutritional value sensory qualities and food safety of organically and conventionally produced foods. Crit. Rev. Food Sci. Nutr. 42 1–34.

  • Ciołek A. Makarska E. Wesołowski M. Cierpiała R. (2012).Content of selected nutrients in wheat barley and oat grains from organic and conventional farming. J. Elementol. 2 181–189.

  • Ekholm P. Reinivuo H. Mattila P. Pakkala H. Koponen J. Happonen A. Hellström J. Ovaskainen M.-L. (2007). Changes in the mineral and trace element contents of cereals fruit and vegetables in Finland. J. Food Compos. Anal. 20 487–495.

  • Eriksson J. E. (2001). Concentrations of 61 trace elements in sewage sludge farmyard manure mineral fertilizers precipitation and in oil and crops. Swedish EPA. Rep 5159. Stockholm. 69 pp. Available at: http://swedishepa.se/Documents/publikationer/620-6246-8.pdf (accessed 4 April 2018).

  • Gilucis A. (2007). Relevancies of Content and Distribution of Trace and Major Elements in the Latvian Topsoils. Doctoral Thesis. University of Latvia Riga 88 pp. (in Latvian). Available at: http://www3.acadlib.lv/greydoc/Gilucis_disertacija/Gilucis.pdf (accessed at 17.02.2017).

  • Graham R. Welch R. Bouis H. (2001). Addressing micronutrient malnutrition through the nutritional quality of staple foods: Principles perspectives and knowledge gaps. Adv. Agron. 70 77–142.

  • He Q. B. Singh B. R. (1994). Effect of organic matter on the distribution extractability and uptake of cadmium in soils. Eur. J. Soil Sci. 44 (4) 641–650.

  • Jākobsone I. Kantāne I. Zute S. Jansone I. Bartkevičs V. (2015). Macro-elements and trace elements in cereal grains cultivated in Latvia. Proc. Latvian Acad. Sci. Section B 69 (4) 152–157.

  • Kabata-Pendias A. Sadurski W. (2004). Trace elements and compounds in soil. In: Elements and Their Compounds in the Environment. 2nd ed. Merian E. Anke M. Ihnat M. Stoeppler M. Wiley-VCH Weinheim pp. 79–99.

  • Kabata-Pendias A. (2011). Trace Elements in Soils and Plants. Taylor and Francis Group LLC CRC Press. 534 pp.

  • Kabata-Pendias A. Mukherjee A.B. (2007). Trace Elements from Soil to Human. Springer-Verlag Berlin. 550 pp.

  • Kan A. (2015). Characterization of the fatty acid and mineral composition of selected cereal cultivars from Turkey. Rec. Nat. Prod. J. 9 (1) 124–134.

  • Korkmaz K. Kara S. M. Ozkutlu F. Gul V. (2010). Monitoring of heavy metals and selected micronutrients in hempseeds from north-western Turkey. Afr. J. Agricult. Res. 5 463–467.

  • Kumpiene J. Lagerkvist A. Naurice C. (2008). Stabilization of As Cr Cu Pb and Zn in soil using amendments: Review. Waste Management 28 215–225.

  • Lui K. Peterson K. L. Raboy V. (2007). Comparison of the phosphorus and mineral concentrations in bran and abraded kernel fractions of a normal barley (Hordeum vulgare) cultivar versus four low phytic acid isolines. J. Agricult. Food Chem. 55 (11) 4453–4460.

  • Markova Ruzdik N. Mihajlov Lj. Llieva V. Ivanovska S. Valcheva D. Balabanova B. Lievski M. (2016). Determination of some macro and micro elements in grain of winter barley genotypes. Agricult. Science Technol. 8 (1) 51–57.

  • Pinto E. Aguiar A. A. R. M. Ferreira I. M. P. L. V. O. (2014). Influence of soil chemistry and plant physiology in the phytoremediation of Cu Mn and Zn. Crit. Rev. Plant Sci. 33 351–373.

  • Pirsaheb M. Fattahi N. Sharafi K. Khamotian R. Atafar Z. (2015). Essential toxic heavy metals in cereals and agricultural products marketed in Kermanshan Iran and human health risk assessment. Food Add. Contamin. B 9 (1). Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19393210.2015.1099570 (accessed at 17.02.2017).

  • Poutanen K. (2012). Past and future of cereal grains as food for health. Trends Food Sci. Technol. 25 58–62.

  • Reinholds I. Pugajeva I. Bavrins K. Kuckovska G Bartkevics V. (2017). Mycotoxins pesticides and toxic metals in commercial spices and herbs. Food Add. Contamin B10 (1) Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19393210.2016.1210244 (accessed at 15.03.2017).

  • Sager M. Hoesch J. (2005). Macro- and micro element levels in cereals grown in lower Austria. J. Centr. Eur. Agricult. 6 (4) 461–472.

  • Schjønning P. Elmholt S. Christensen B. T. (2003). Managing Soil Quality: Challenges in Modern Agriculture. CABI Publishing. 368 pp.

  • Shar G. Q. Shar L. A. Kazi T. G. Afridi H. I. Arain M. B. Jamali M. K. (2007). Multielement analysis of Pakistani barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) varieties by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Journal of Research (Science) Bahauddin Zakariya University (Pakistan) 18 (2) 69–77.

  • Welch R. M. Graham R. D. (2005). Agriculture: The real nexus for enhancing bioavailable micronutrients in food crops. J. Trace Elem. Med. Biol. 18 299–-307.

  • Wieczorek J. Wieczorek Z. Bieniaszewski T. (2005). Cadmium and lead content in cereal grains and soil from cropland adjacent to roadways. Polish J. Environ. Studies 14 (4) 535–540.

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor


CiteScore 2018: 0.3

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.137
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.192

Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 504 287 9
PDF Downloads 305 201 6