Improvement of Management of Rhagoletis Cerasi in Bosnia and Herzegovina Based on a Phenological Model

Open access

Abstract

European cherry fruit fly (Rhagoletis cerasi) is the key pest of sweet and sour cherry throughout Europe. Pest management is usually based on pesticide application. The key of successful management is knowing the proper time of pesticide application, based on the phenological model. To develop a phenological model, a local population of the pest from the northern part of Bosnia and Herzegovina was studied. First adult appearance and population densities were monitored by yellow sticky traps. Soil and air temperatures were compared at two thermal thresholds, 5 °C and 7 °C. Air temperature was applied in the model since it is more suitable for farmers and is related to soil temperature. Both thermal thresholds can be used. The first adult flies were captured after 435 degree-days (dd) and the first cumulative 5% of the catch after 605 dd. These two times should be considered for time of application of pesticides. Regarding time for first egg hatch, the first larva burrowed into fruits at 730 dd. Cultivars that can be harvested beginning on the 730 dd calculate from 1 March are considered to have low risk of cherry fruit fly damage.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • AliNiazee M. T. (1976). Thermal unit requirements for determining adult emergence of the Western cherry fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) in the Willamette Valley of Oregon. Environ. Ent. 5 397-402.

  • AliNiazee M. T. (1979).Acomputerized phenology model for predicting biological events of Rhagoletis indifferens (Diptera: Tephritidae). Can. Ent. 111 1101-1109.

  • Baker C. R. B. Miller G. W. (1978). Effect of temperature on postdiapause development of 4 geographical populations of European Cherry Fruit Fly (Rhagoletis cerasi). Entomol. Exp. Appl. 23 1-13.

  • Balmer M. (2005). Kulturschutznetze zur Kontrolle der Kirschfruchtfliege im überdachten Anbau. Obstbau 1 14-16 (in German).

  • Boller E. F. (1964). Auftreten der Kirschenfliege (Rhagoletis cerasi) und Prognose mittels Boden-temperaturen im Jahre 1963. Schweizerische Zeitschrift fur Obst-Weinbau 73 53-58 (in German).

  • Boller E. (1972). Zum Verkauf und Einsatz neuer Kirschenfliegenfallen im Jahre 1972. Schweiz. Z. Obst-und Weinbau 108 84-87.

  • Boller E. F. Bush G. L. (1974). Evidence for genetic variation in populations of the European cherry fruit fly Rhagoletis cerasi (Diptera: Tephritidae) based on physiological parameters and hybridization experiments. Entomologia Experimental et Applicata 17 279-293.

  • Boller E. (1983). Biotechnical methods for the management of fruit fly populations. In: Cavalloro R. (Ed.). Fruit Flies of Economic Importance. Balkema Rotterdam The Netherlands pp. 342-352.

  • Daniel C. Wyss E. (2010). Field applications of Beauveria bassiana to control the European Cherry Fruit Fly Rhagoletis cerasi. J. Appl. Entomol. 134 675-681.

  • Daniel C. Grunder J. (2012). Integrated management of European cherry fruit fly Rhagoletis cerasi (L.): Situation in Switzerland and Europe. Insects 3 (4) 956-988.

  • Daniel C. Baker B. (2013). Dispersal of Rhagoletis cerasi in commercial cherry orchards: Efficacy of soil covering nets for cherry fruit fly control. Insects 4 168-176.

  • Jarošík V. Honìk A. Magarey R.D. and Skuhrovec J. (2011). Developmental database for phenology models: Related insect and mite species have similar thermal requirements. J. Econ. Entomol. 1870-1876.

  • Jones V. P. Alston D. G. Brunner J. F. Davis D. W. Shelton M. D. (1991). Phenology of the Western cherry fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Utah and Washington. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Amer. 84 488-492.

  • Katsoyannos B. I. (1975). Oviposition-deterring male-arresting fruitmarking pheromone in Rhagoletis cerasi. Environ. Entomol. 4 801-807.

  • Kovanci O. B. Kovanci B. (2006). Effect of altitude on seasonal flight activity of Rhagoletis cerasi flies (Diptera: Tephritidae). Bull. Entomol. Res. 96 345-351.

  • Leski R. (1963). Studies on the biology and ecology of the cherry fruit fly Rhagoletis cerasi L. (Dipt. Trypetidae). Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne Seria B 153-240 (in Polish).

  • Moraiti C. A. Nakas C. T. Papadopoulos N. T. (2014). Diapause termination of Rhagoletis cerasi pupae is regulated by local adaptation and phenotypic plasticity: Escape in time through bet-hedging strategies. J. Evol. Biol. 27 43-54.

  • Wiesmann R. (1933). Untersuchungen über die Lebensgeschichte und Bekämpfung der Kirschenfliege Rhagoletis cerasi Linné - I. Mitteilung. Landw. Jahrb. Schweiz.. 47 711-760 (in German).

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor

CiteScore 2018: 0.3

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.137
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.192

Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 316 162 6
PDF Downloads 139 101 8