Chemical Composition of Sea Buckthorn Leaves, Branches and Bark

Ina Gradt 1 , Sascha Kühn 1 , J.-Thomas Mörsel 1 ,  and Galina Zvaigzne 1
  • 1 Untersuchungs-, Beratungs- & Forschungslaboratorium GmbH, An der Mühle 1, 15345 , Altlandsberg, Germany

Abstract

Sea buckthorn leaves and branches presently create waste-/by-products of harvesting after pruning the plants. It is already known that sea buckthorn berries are important for their chemical composition and based on this occupy a wide field in nutrition. We raised the idea that sea buckthorn leaves, branches, and especially the bark, have also an extraordinary chemical composition like the berries. The aim of this study was to describe these by-products. For this purpose, detailed full analyses of corresponding samples from Russia (seven varieties) and Germany (four varieties) were performed. Especially the dry mass, fat content, proteins, carbohydrates, starch content, and crude fiber were investigated to obtain an overview. Minor components like total phenol content, metals, and water- and fat-soluble vitamins were also studied. All analytical parameters were based on an official collection of analysis methods (German ASU - amtliche Sammlung von Untersuchungsverfahren). The results of the full analysis of leaves and branches show some interesting aspects about the differences between male and female plants. Furthermore, we observed differences between Russian and German sea buckthorn varieties. Investigation of minor components showed that vitamins were present in very low amount (< 0.1 %).

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