Influence of Rootstock on Plum Flowering Intensity in Different Growing Regions

Open access

The aim of the investigation is to evaluate the influence of different rootstocks on the flowering intensity of two plum cultivars: a hybrid `Kubanskaya Kometa` and European plum ‘Victoria’ in diverse locations. Sixteen well known European rootstocks were used, of which eight were clonal (St. Julien A, Brompton, Ackermann, Pixy, GF8/1, G5/22, GF655/2, Hamyra) and eight were seedlings (St. Julien INRA2, St. Julien d Orleans, St. Julien Noir, Brompton, Wangenheims Zwetche, St. Julien Wädenswil, Myrobalan, P. cerasifera var. divaricata). The evaluation was conducted in experimental orchards which were established in spring 2001 in Latvia, Estonia and Belarus. Trees were planted at a spacing of 5 × 3 m in four replications, three trees per plot. The obtained data from the years 2008-2012 are presented. The flowering intensity of plum trees depended on the cultivar rootstock combination. The influence of rootstock on flowering intensity differed between the years and growing region, and was closely correlates with meteorological conditions during the wintering period. Cv. ‘Kometa Kubanskaya’ had the highest blooming intensity in Pûre on rootstocks GF 655/2 and Wangenheims Zwetche; in Brest on Brompton seedlings, Julien d’ Orleans G5/22 and Ackermann; and in Polli on GF 8/1 and Brompton seedlings. ‘Victoria’ plum trees had the highest intensity of flowering on rootstocks Pixy and Wangenheims Zwetche in Pūre; on St. Julien INRA 2 and Ackermann in Brest; and on GF 655/2 and Ackermann in Polli.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Dēķena Dz. Alsina I. (2011). Influence of rootstock on wintering and health status of plum cultivar ‘Victoria’. In: Research for Rural Develop- ment 2011 (pp. 47-51). Jelgava Latvia.

  • Grzyb Z. S. Sitarek М. Kozinski B. (1998). Effect of different rootstocks on growth yield and fruit quality of four plum cultivars (in central Poland). Acta Hort. 478 239-242.

  • Jänes H. Kahu K. (2008). Winter injuries of plum cultivars in winters 2005-2007 in Estonia. In: Proceedings of International Scientific Confer- ence (<Sustainable Fruit Growing: From Plant to Product” 28-31 May 2008 (pp. 149-153).

  • Jūrmala Dobele Latvia: Latvia State Institute of Fruit Growing.

  • Jänes H. Рае А. (2(Х)4). Preliminary results from new plum rootstocks trial in Estonia. Acta Hon. 663 949-952.

  • Kaufmane E. Rubauskis E. Skrivele M. (2007). Influence of different rootstocks on the growth and yield of plum cultivars. Acta Hon. 734 387-391.

  • Lepsis J. Dēķena Dz. Dēķens V. (2008). Evaluation of European plum rootstocks in Latvia. In: Proceedings of International Scientific Confer- ence “Sustainable Fruit Growing: From Plant to Product” 28-31 May 2008 (pp. 77-82). Jūrmala Dobele Latvia: Latvia State Institute of Fruit Growing.

  • Lepsis J. Drudze I. Dēķens U. (2004). The evaluation of different plum and pear rootstocks in the nursery. Acta Hon. 658 167-172.

  • Proebsting E. L. (1982). Cold Resistance of St one Fruit Flower Buds. Wash- ington State University. 7 pp.

  • Rozpara E. Grzyb Z. (2007). Growth yield and fruit quality of eighteen plum cultivars grafted on two rootstocks. Acta Hon. 734 157-161.

  • Sosna I. (2002). Growth and cropping of four plum cultivars on different rootstocks in South Western Poland. J. Fruit Ornamental Plant Res. 10 95-103.

  • Wertheim S. J. (1998). European plum. In: Rootstock Guide (pp. 115-137). Fruit research station Wilhelminadorp The Netherlands.

  • Ерёмин Г. В. (1989). Алыча [The cherry plum]. Москва: Агропромиздат. 113 с. (in Russian).

  • Ерёмин Г. В. (1993). Селекция зимостойких сортов косточковых культур на Северном Кавказе [Breeding of winter hardy stone fruit cultivars in the North Caucasus]. В кн.: Селекция на зимостойкость плодовых и ягодных культур (с. 48-54). Москва: Колос (in Russian).

  • Поух Е. В. Матвеев В. А. (2011). Сила роста и продуктивность сорта сливы домашней Виктория на клоновых и семенных подвоях [Growth vigour and productiveness of ‘Victoria’ plum cultivar on clonal and seed- ling rootstocks]. Плодоводство 23 150-156 (in Russian).

  • Туровская Л. A. (1979). Изучение морозостойкости генеративных почек сливы в Краснодарском крае [Study of frost-resistance of flower buds in plum in Krasnodar region]. Труды no прикладной ботанике генетике и селекции 65 (3) 106-110 (in Russian).

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor

CiteScore 2018: 0.3

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.137
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.192

Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 195 130 6
PDF Downloads 114 82 6