The Eysenck Personality Profile in Selected Groups of Ophthalmological Patients

Nada Pop-Jordanova 1 , Jovanka Ristova 2  und Sofija Loleska 3
  • 1 Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts, , Skopje
  • 2 , Shtip
  • 3 DF Labs Skopje,


Personality correlates in patients with eye diseases have bidirectional influence. It is possible that personality variables lead to behaviours that may influence the cause of eye problems, but the opposite is also possible, that eye problems could have a direct effect on personality.

The aim of this study was to evaluate personality traits in patients with glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy and cataract using the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire.

Obtained results showed similar personality profiles in patients with glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy and cataract. However, extraversion and neuroticism were higher in patients with diabetes, while the psychopathic traits are the highest in the group of cataract.

Age and gender of patients do not influence the scores obtained on the questionnaire confirmed with one way ANOVA. Not significant difference in parameters (tested with Student t-test) was obtained between groups.

It is proposed psychological evaluation to be included in the assessment of more serious eye diseases for helping patients to adjust and adapt to the condition and treatment.

Falls das inline PDF nicht korrekt dargestellt ist, können Sie das PDF hier herunterladen.

  • 1. Atherton OE, Robins RW, Rentfrow PJ, et al. (2014) Personality correlates of risky health outcomes: Findings from a large Internet study. Journal of Research in Personality 50: 56–60.

  • 2. Chapman BP, Roberts BW, Duberstein P. (2011) Personality and longevity: Knowns, unknowns, and implications for public health and personalized medicine. Journal of Aging Research 2011: 759170

  • 3. Matthews G, Deary I, Whiteman M. (2009) Personality Traits. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  • 4. Hibbeler H. (1947) Personality patterns of white adults with primary glaucoma. American Journal of Ophthalmology 30: 181–186.

  • 5. Eysenck, H.J. (1991) Dimensions of personality: 16, 5, or 3? Criteria for a taxonomic paradigm. Personality and Individual Differences, 12, 773–790.

  • 6. Eysenck Hanse, Eysenck Sybile. Manual of the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, London, Hodder & Stoughton (1975).

  • 7. Eysenck Hanse and Eysenck Sybile. Eysenck Personality Questionnaire – Revised (EPQ-R); Hodder & Stoughton (1991).

  • 8. Pop-Jordanova N., Zorcec T. (2010) Age, Gender and Disorder Related Personality Characteristics of Pediatric Patients Measured by Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, Acta Informatica Medica; 18 (4): 208–212.

  • 9. Kim YK, Woo SJ, Park KH, Chi YK, Han JW, Kim KW. (2018) Association of Central Serous Chorioretinopathy with Psychosocial Factors is Dependent on Its Phase and Subtype. Korean Journal of Ophthalmology : KJO, 32(4): 281–289

  • 10. Cheng H, Furnham A. (2017) Personality traits neuroticism and openness as well as early abnormal eye conditions as predictors of the occurrence of eye problems in adulthood. Health Psychol Open; 4(2): 2055102917716205.

  • 11. Costa PT, McCrae RR. (1992) Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R) and NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) Professional Manual. Odessa, FL: sychological Assessment Resources.

  • 12. Çakmak H, Altinyazar V, Yilmaz SG, Ömürlü İK, Kocatürk T, Yazici A, Değirmenci C, Dündar SO, Ates H. (2015) The temperament and character personality profile of the glaucoma patient. BMC Ophthalmology; 15:125.

  • 13. Cooke CA, Cooper C, Dowds E, et al. (2003) Keratoconus, myopia, and personality. Cornea 22(3): 239–242.

  • 14. Hong S, Kang SY, Yoon JU, Kang U, Seong GJ, Kim CY. (2010) Drug attitude and adherence to anti-glaucoma medication.Yonsei Medical Journal; 51(2): 261–269.

  • 15. Moon JY, Kim HJ, Park YH, Park TK, Park EC, Kim CY, Lee SH. (2018). Association between Open-Angle Glaucoma and the Risks of Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s Diseases in South Korea: A 10-year Nationwide Cohort Study. Scientific Reports; 8(1): 11161.

  • 16. Na K-S, Han K, Park Y-G, et al. (2015) Depression, stress, quality of life, and dry eye disease in Korean women. Cornea; 7: 733–738.

  • 17. Conti C, Di Francesco G, Fontanella L, Carrozzino D, Patierno C, Vitacolonna E, Fulcheri M. (2017). Negative Affectivity Predicts Lower Quality of Life and Metabolic Control in Type 2 Diabetes Patients: A Structural Equation Modeling Approach. Frontiers in Psychology; 8: 831.

  • 18. Shao Y, Yin H, Wan C. (2017) Type D personality as a predictor of self-efficacy and social support in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment; 13: 855-861.

  • 19. Olsson GM, Hulting A-L, Montgomery SM. (2008) Cognitive function in children and subsequent type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care 31(3): 514–516.

  • 20. Kawali A, Jose RT, Aishwarya, Kurian M, Kacha K,Mahendradas P, Shetty R. (2016) Personality and uveitis. Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection; 6(1): 36.

  • 21. Ichinohe S, Igarashi T, Nakajima D, Ono M, Takahashi H. (2016) Symptoms of Dry Eye Disease and Personality Traits. PloS one; 11(11): e0166838.

  • 22. Schakel W, Bode C, van der Aa HPA, Hulshof CTJ, Bosmans JE, van Rens GHMB, van Nispen RMA. (2017) Exploring the patient perspective of fatigue in adults with visual impairment: a qualitative study.BMJ Open; 7(8): e015023.

  • 23. Xue-Li Du, Wen-Bo Li, and Bo-Jie Hu. (2018) Application of artificial intelligence in ophthalmology. Int J Ophthalmol 11(9): 1555–1561.


Zeitschrift + Hefte