The ability to adapt to stress and adversity is a central facet of human development. Coping can be defined as a set of cognitive and affective actions that arise in response to a particular disquiet.
The aim of this research was to evaluate coping patterns used to mediate anxiety and stress level in two groups of patients: orthodontic and dental.
Psychometric instruments applied in the research are: Sarason’s anxiety questionnaire, Stress-test for children, as well as A-Cope questionnaire.
Obtained scores confirmed important level of anxiety, and moderate stress level. It was shown that coping mechanisms used for moderate stress and anxiety were productive and influenced the scores for the stress level and anxiety to be diminished.
As far as our knowledge is concerned, this is the first study for coping styles in children in our country.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
1. Blass EM, Ciaramitaro V. (1994) Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 59 (1, Serial No. 239).
2. Boyce, W. T., Barr, R. G., & Zeltzer, L. K. (1992). Temperament and the psychobiology of stress. Pediatrics; 90: 483–486.
3. Clarke, G. N., Hawkins, W., Murphy, M., Sheeber, L. B., Lewinsohn, P. M., & Seeley, J. R. (1995). Targeted prevention of unipolar depressive disorder in an at-risk sample of high school adolescents: A randomized trial of a group cognitive intervention. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry; 34: 312-321
4. Compas BE, Connor-Smith J K, Saltzman H, Thomsen A H, Wadsworth ME. (2001) Coping With Stress During Childhood and Adolescence: Problems, Progress, and Potential in Theory and Research. Psychological Bulletin; 127 (1): 87-127
5. Compas B. E. (1987). Coping with stress during childhood and adolescence. Psychological Bulletin; 101: 393-403.
6. Compas B. E. (1998). An agenda for coping research and theory: Basic and applied developmental issues. International Journal of Behavioral Development; 22: 231-237.
7. Compas, B. E., Connor, I. K., Saltzman, H., Thomsen, A. H., & Wadsworth, M. (1999). Getting specific about coping: Effortful and involuntary responses to stress in development. In M. Lewis & D. Ramsey (Eds.), Stress and soothing (pp. 229-256). Hillsdale, NI: Erlbaum
8. Cocoradă E., Mihalaşcu V. (2012) Adolescent coping strategies in secondary school. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences; 33: 188-192.
9. Carver, G. S., Scheier, M. F., & Weintraub, J. K. (1989). Assessing coping strategies: A theoretically based approach. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology; 56: 267-283.
10. Carver, C.S., & Connor-Smith, J.K. (2010). Personality and coping. Annual Review of Psychology; 61: 679-704.
11. Cicognani, E. (2011). Coping strategies with minor stressors in adolescence: relationships with social support, self-efficacy, and psychological well-being. Journal of Applied Social Psychology; 41 (3): 559-578.
12. Eisenberg, N., Fabes, R. A., & Guthrie, I. (1997). Coping with stress: The roles of regulation and development. In J. N. Sandier & S. A. Wolchik (Eds.), Handbook of children’s coping with common stressors: Linking theory, research, and intervention (pp. 41-70). New York: Plenum.
13. Folkman, S., & Lazarus, R. S. (1985). If it changes it must be a process: Study of emotion and coping during three stages of a college examination. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology; 48: 150-170.
14. Grant, K. E., Compas, B. E., Thurm, A., McMahon, S. D., & Ey, S. (2000). Stress and developmental psychopathology: Moving from markers to mechanisms of risk. Unpublished manuscript, De Paul University, Chicago.
15. Gunnar, M. (1994). Psychoendocrine studies of temperament and stress in early childhood: Expanding current models. In J. E. Bates & T. D.Wachs (Eds.), Temperament: Individual differences at the interface of biology and behavior (pp. 25-38). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
16. Kendall, P. C., Flannery-Schroeder, E., Panichelli-Mindel, S. M., SouthamGerow, M., Henin, A., & Warman, M. (1997). Therapy for youths with anxiety disorders: A second randomized clinical trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology; 65: 366-380.
17. Lazarus, R.S. (1993). Coping theory and research: past, present, and future. Psychosomatic Medicine; 55: 234-247.
18. Lewis M, Sullivan MW, Stanger C, Weiss M.(1989) Self Development and Self-Conscious Emotions. Child Development; 60 (1): 146-156.
19. Skinner, E. A. (1995). Perceived control, motivation, and coping. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
20. Skinner, E.A., & Zimmer-Gembeck, M.J. (2007). The Development of coping. Annual Review of Psychology; 58: 119-144.