Personality Typology in Patients with Traumatic Limb Fractures

Open access

Abstract

The notion that personality impacts health is not new. According to Grossarth-Maticek and Eysenck’s theoretical approach, the main factor for health is the ability for self-regulation, which seems to moderate the effects of some physical risk factors.

The aim of this study was to evaluate personality characteristics of patients hospitalized for traumatic limb’s fractures which have been operatively treated. To our knowledge, it is the first study of this type in the region.

The evaluated sample comprises two groups of examinees: patients hospitalized at the Traumatology Clinic for surgery after fractured limbs (N=30) and healthy people (N=120) as control, previously examined. Two psychometric tests were used: Grossarth-Maticek questionnaire and Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ).

Obtained results showed that the personality characteristics of patients with traumatic limb fractures belong generally to the “healthy type 4” of Grossarth-Maticek typology, similarly as the control. It correlates to the low N (neuroticism) and moderate E (extraversion) scales in the Eysenck typology.

We showed that gender and age highly influence the scores obtained from the questionnaire.

The type of personality could influence reactions in life situations, coping with stress and consequently to be a trigger for any disorder, even traumatic fractures

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • 1. Absetz P. Arja A. & Sutton S. Factors associated with breast cancer risk perception and psychological distress in a representative sample of middle aged Finnish women. Anxiety Stress and Coping 2002 Vol.15 No.1 pp. 61-73.

  • 2. Ader R. et al. Psychoneuroimmunology 2nd edition. San Diego CA: Academic Press 1991 xxv.

  • 3. Beaty RE Kaufman SB Benedek M Jung RE Kenett YN Jauk E Neubauer AC Silvia PJ. Personality and complex brain networks: The role of openness to experience in default network efficiency. Hum Brain Mapp. 2016; 37(2) pp. 773-9

  • 4. Eysenck H. J. “Type A Behavior and Coronary Heart Disease: The Third Stage”. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality 1990 5: 25–44.

  • 5. Eysenck HJ Eysenck SBJ. Manual of the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire. Hodder and Stoughton London 1975

  • 6. Eysenck H. Personality stress and disease: an interactionist perspective. Psychological Inquiry. 1991b Vol. 2 No. 3 pp. 221-232.

  • 7. Eysenck H. Prediction of cancer and coronary heart disease mortality by means of a personality inventory: results of a 15 year follow up study. Psychological Reports. 1993 Vol. 72 pp. 499-516.

  • 8. Eysenck H. Cancer personality and stress: prediction and prevention. Advanced Behaviour Therapy and Research. 1994 Vol. 16 pp. 167-215.

  • 9. Fahlgren E Nima AA Archer T Garcia D. Person-centered osteopathic practice: patients’ personality (body mind and soul) and health (ill-being and well-being). PeerJ. 2015 Oct 27;3:e1349. doi: 10.7717/peerj.1349.eCollection 2015.

  • 10. Friedman M. Type A Behavior: Its Diagnosis and Treatment. New York: Plenum Press (Kluwer Academic Press) 1996.

  • 11. Geerligs L Rubinov M Cam-Can Henson RN. State and Trait Components of Functional Connectivity: Individual Differences Vary with Mental State. J Neurosci. 2015 14; 35(41):13949-61.

  • 12. Grossarth-Maticek R.; Eysenck H. J. Creative Novation Behaviour Therapy as a Prophylactic Treatment for Cancer and Coronary Heart Disease: I. Description of Treatment. Behaviour Research and Therapy. 1991 29: 1–16.

  • 13. Grossarth-Maticek R. et al. Interpersonal Repression as a Predictor of Cancer. Social Science & Medicine 1982 16 pp. 493-498.

  • 14. [Grossarth-Maticek R Eysenck H. Personality Stress and Disease: description and validation of a new inventory. Psychological Reports. 1990 66 pp. 355-373.

  • 15. Grossarth-Maticek R Eysenck HJ Boyle G. Method of test administration as a factor in test validity: the use of a personality questionnaire in the prediction of cancer and coronary heart disease. Behaviour Research and Therapy 1995 Vol 33 No. 6 pp. 705-710.

  • 16. Kuper H.; M. Marmot; H. Hemingway. Systematic review of prospective cohort studies of psychosocial factors in the etiology and prognosis of coronary heart disease. Seminars in Vascular Medicine. 2002; 2 (3): 267–314.

  • 17. McLeod Saul. Type A Personality. Retrieved 29 December 2013.

  • 18. Petticrew M. P.; K. Lee; M. McKee. Type A behavior pattern and coronary heart disease: Philip Morris’s “crown jewel”. American Journal of Public Health. 2012 102 (11): 2018–2025.

  • 19. Pop-Jordanova N Zorcec T. Chronic diseases in children and adolescents-some psychological characteristics. Paediatr Croat 2008; 52:71-76.

  • 20. Pop-Jordanova N Zorcec T. Age Gender and Disorder Related Personality Characteristics of Pediatric Patients Measured by Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Acta Informatica Medica 2009; 18(4): 208-213.

  • 21. Pop-Jordanova N Boskovska V. EPI and EPQ: The fuzzy reasoning expert systems in the pediatric psychodiagnostics. Second Baltic Sea Conference on Psychosomatic Medicine Ronneby Sweden 11-14 June 1995.

  • 22. Pop-Jordanova N. Demerdzieva A. Is the Grossarthsche behavior typology applicable for healthy people International Journal of Contemporary Applied Sciences 2016; 3 (3): 158-175.

  • 23. Pop-Jordanova N. Trpeski S. Kaftandziev I. Spasov M. The perceived stress in patients and medical staff in traumatology SYLWAN: english edition 2015; 159 (3): 336-346.

  • 24. Strójwąs K Florkowski A Jeżowska-Smorąg I Gądek I Zboralski K Macander M Przybyszewska M Wierzbiński P. Emotional and psychosomatic disorder among female patients undergoing breast cancer diagnosis. Pol Merkur Lekarski. 2016; 39(233) pp. 287-91.

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor


CiteScore 2017: 0.45

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.177

Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 263 221 16
PDF Downloads 116 85 5