Anthropometric Parameters in National Footballers in the Republic of Macedonia

Jasmina Pluncevic-Gligoroska 1 , Lidija Todorovska 1 , Beti Dejanova 1 , Vesela Maleska 1 , Sanja Mancevska 1  und Slobodan Nikolic 1
  • 1 Institute of Physiology and Anthropology, Medical Faculty, 1000 Skopje, R. Macedonia


Objectives: The focus of this study is on anthropometric characteristics of footballers in the Republic of Macedonia, and the aim is to provide normative data for selected anthropometric parameters for adult male footballers in our country.

Material and method: The study included eight hundred (800) adult male footballers, aged 24.06 ± 4.8y (age range 18–35y), who have undertaken routine sport medical examinations over a ten-year period. The football players were divided into six age – specific subgroups (“up to 20”; “up to 22”; “up to 24”; “up to 26”; “up to 28” and “over 28” years). Anthropometric measurements were made by Matiegka's protocols and body composition components were determined.

Results: Average values of body height (178.8 ± 6.7 cm), body weight (77.72 ± 7.9 kg), lean body mass (66.21 ± 6.36 kg), body components (MM% = 53.04; BM% = 17.15; FM% = 14.7%) and a large series of anthropometric measurements which define the footballers' anthropometric dimensions were obtained. The distribution of the adipose tissue regarding the body and limbs showed that the skinfolds were thickest on the lower limbs and thinnest on the arms.

Conclusions: The adult football players in Republic of Macedonia were insignificantly variable in height and body mass from their counter parts from European and American teams. The football players up to 20 year, who played in the senior national football league were lighter and smaller than their older colleagues. The football players aged from 20 to 35 years were insignificantly variable in height, body mass, and anthropometric dimensions of limbs and trunk.

Falls das inline PDF nicht korrekt dargestellt ist, können Sie das PDF hier herunterladen.

  • 1. Reilly T, Bangsbo J, Franks A. Anthropometric and physiological predispositions for elite soccer. J Sports Sci. 2000; 18(9): 669–683.

  • 2. Meszaros T, Mohacsi J, Szabo T, Szmodis I. Anthro pometry and competitive sport in Hungary. Acta Biol Szeged. 200; 44 (1–4): 189–192.

  • 3. Bell W, Rhodes G. The morphological characteristics of the association football player. Journal of Sports Medicine & Physical Fitness. 1975; 20: 196–200.

  • 4. American College of Sports Medicine position stand (ACSM). (2009). Nutrition and athletic performance. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 41, 709–731.

  • 5. Rienzi E, Drust B, Reilly T, Carter JE, Martin A. Investigation of anthropometric and work-rate pro files of elite South American international soccer pla yers. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2000; 40(2): 162–169.

  • 6. Gil S, Gil J, Ruiz F, Irazusta A, Irazusta J. Physio logical and anthropometric characteristics of young soccer players according to their playing position: relevance for the selection process. J Strenght Cond Res. 2007; 21: 438–45.

  • 7. Reilly T, Williams A, Nevill A, Franks A multidis-ciplinary approach to talent identification in soccer. J. Sports Sci. 2000; 18: 695–702.

  • 8. Norton K, Olds T. Antropometrica. Sydney: UNSW Press. 2004.

  • 9. Hazir, T. Physical Charachteristics and somatotype of soccer players according to playing level and position. J of Human Kinetics. 2010; 26: 83–95.

  • 10. Bloomfield J, Polman R, Butterly R, O'Donoghue P. Analysis of age, stature, body mass, BMI and qua lity of elite soccer players from 4 European Leagues. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2005; 45(1): 58–67.

  • 11. Togari H, Asami T. A study of throw-in training in soccer. Proceeding of the Department of Physical Education, College of General Education, University of Tokio. 1976; 6: 259–264.

  • 12. Tahara Y, Moji K, Tsunawake N, Fukuda R, Nakayama M, Nakagaich M, et al. Physique, body compo sition and maximum oxygen consumption of selected soccer players of Kunimi High School, Nagasaki, Japan. J Physiol Anthropol. 2006; 25(4): 291–297.

  • 13. Stolen T, Chamari K, Castagna C, Wisloff U. Physio logy of Soccer, an Update. Sports Med. 2005; 35 (6): 501–536.

  • 14. White JE, Emery TM, Kane JL, Groves R, Rishman AB. Pre-season fitness profiles of professional soccer players.

  • 15. Williams G, Reid RM, Couts R. Observations on the aerobic power of university rugby players and profes sional soccer players. British Journal of Sports Me dicine. 1973; 7: 390–396.

  • 16. Faina M, Galozzi C, Lupo S. Definition of physio logical profile of soccer players. In. In; Reilly T, Lecs A, Davids K, Murphy W J (eds.). Science and Football, 5th edn. London: E & F.N. Spon. 1988, pp. 158–163.

  • 17. Swapan KD, Nabanita K, Debray P. Anthropometric, motor ability and physiological profiles of Indian national club footballers: Comparative study. South African Journal for Research in Sport, Physical Edu cation and Recreation. 2010; 32(1): 43–56.

  • 18. Wilmore JH, Haskel WL. Body composition and endurance capacity of professional football players. Journal of Applied Physiology. 1972; 33: 564–567.

  • 19. Ostojic S. Physical and physiological characteristics of elite Serbian soccer players. Facta Universitas, Physical Education and Sport. 2000; 1(7): 23–29.

  • 20. Matkovic BR, Misigoj-Durakovic M, Matkovic B, Jankovic S, Ruzic L, Leko G, Kondric M. Morpho logical differences of elite Croatian soccer players according to the team position. Coll Antropol. 2003; 27: 167–174.

  • 21. Gi SM, Gil J, Ruiz F, Irazusta A, Irazusta J. Anthropometric characteristics and somatotype of young soccer players and their comparison with the general population. Biol of Sport. 2010; 27: 17–24.

  • 22. Rogan S, Hilfiker R, Clarys P, Clijsen R, Taeymansa J. Position-specific and Team-ranking-related Morp hological Characteristics in German Amateur Soccer Players. Int J Applied Sports Sciences. 2011; 23(1): 168–182

  • 23. Santos da Fonseca P, Marins JCB, da Silva TA. Validation of anthropometric equations for the esti mation of body density in professional soccer pla yers. Rev Bras Med Esporte. 2007; 13(3): 135–138.


Zeitschrift + Hefte