Russia’s Containment and Engagement Strategies in the U.S. Foreign Policy during the Presidency of G. W. Bush

Open access

Abstract

Traditionally, Containment and Engagement strategies are considered to be the part of the United States foreign policy during the Cold War. However, recent developments in international relations indicated that these strategies are still relevant to the contemporary foreign policy of the U.S., particularly in the U.S.-Russian relations. Contradictory presidency of George W. Bush has raised a question which of the mentioned foreign policy strategies was dominating in the U.S.-Russian relations. On the one hand, U.S. officials had declared that partnership with Russia was being pursued. On the other hand, the administration of G.W. Bush favored the expansion of NATO and did not surrender the initiative of missile defense shield. This paper intends to assess which foreign policy strategy (Containment or Engagement) dominated in U.S.-Russian relations during the presidency of G.W. Bush and to analyse reasons of such domination and the ways these strategies were implemented. The results of the research indicate that G. W. Bush administration implemented different foreign policy towards Russia on the declared and practical foreign policy levels. If on the official U.S. foreign policy level Russia’s engagement strategy dominated, in the U.S. foreign policy practice, particularly influenced by the foreign policy of Russia, and to a lesser extent by the events in the international arena, the dominant foreign policy strategy towards Russia was Russia’s containment strategy.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Azar E. (1972). ‘Conflict Escalation and Conflict Reduction in an International Crisis: Suez 1956.’ The Journal of Conflict Resolution. 16 (2).

  • ‘Dealing With Mr. Putin’ (2001). New York Times. March 17.

  • Jakštaitė G. (2012). Rusijos sulaikymo ir įtraukimo strategijos šiuolaikinėje JAV užsienio politikoje ir Baltijos šalių reikšmingumas. Kaunas.

  • Kuchins A. Zevelev I. (2012). ‘Russian Foreign Policy: Continuity in Change’. The Washington Quarterly. Available at <http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0163660X.2012.642787> [Accessed on 4 February 2013].

  • McCormick J. (2005). American Foreign Policy and Process. Wadsworth.

  • Myers S. (2007). ‘No Cold War Perhaps but Surely a Lukewarm Peace’. New York Times. February 18.

  • Myers S. (2008). ‘No Cold War But Big Chill’. New York Times. August 16.

  • Morgenthau H. (2011). Politika tarp valstybių. Vilnius: Margi raštai.

  • National Security Strategy of the United States of America. September 17 2002. Available at <http://merln.ndu.edu/whitepapers/USnss2002.pdf> [Accessed 22 December 2013].

  • Perlez J. (2001). ‘Tougher on Russia’. New York Times. March 24.

  • Rumer E. (2004). ‘Why Contain Russia?’ The Washington Post. December 17.

  • Russia’s National Security Concept. January 14 2000. Available at <http://www.armscontrol.org/act/2000_01-02/docjf00.asp> [Accessed 4 February 2013].

  • Schrodt Ph. (1993). ‘Event Data in Foreign Policy Analysis’. Available at <http://eventdata.psu.edu/papers.dir/Haney.pdf> [Accessed 22 December 2013].

  • SIPRI Yearbook 2002. The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. Available at <http://www.sipri.org/yearbook/2002/files/SIPRIYB0206.pdf> [Accessed 22 December 2013].

  • Shanker Th. (2007). ‘Administration Rebukes Putin On His Policies’. New York Times. June.

  • State of the Union Address. January 29 2002. Available at <http://millercenter.org/president/speeches/detail/4540> [Accessed 22 December 2013].

  • State of the Union Address. January 28 2003. Available at <http://millercenter.org/president/speeches/detail/4541> [Accessed 22 December 2013].

  • State of the Union Address. January 23 2007. Available at <http://millercenter.org/president/speeches/detail/4455> [Accessed 22 December 2013].

  • The National Security Strategy of the United States of America. March 2006. Available at http://www.comw.org/qdr/fulltext/nss2006.pdf> [Accessed 22 December 2013].

  • Urbelis V. (2001). Strategija – jos elementai ir sąvokos evoliucija. Politologija Vol. 4.

  • Veen T. (2008). ‘Event Data: A method for analysing political behaviour in the EU’. Paper prepared for delivery at the Fourth Pan-European Conference on EU Politics Riga 25-27 Sep. Available at <http://www.jhubc.it/ecpr-riga/virtualpaperroom/002.pdf> [Accessed 22 December 2013].

Search
Journal information
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 252 95 25
PDF Downloads 88 37 0