Psychometric Properties of the Polish Version of the Short Grit Scale

Open access

Abstract

This study aimed to verify the psychometric properties of the Polish version of the Grit-S questionnaire. Grit is understood here as the perseverance and passion for long-term goals, and it encompasses two dimensions: Consistency of Interest and Perseverance of Effort. The sample comprised N = 270 participants aged 18-34 (Mage = 20.79). We performed confirmatory factor analyses to verify the dimensional structure of grit, multi-group confirmatory factor analysis to compare the structure across gender, and correlation analysis to examine external validity (exploring the correlations between grit, procrastination, and well-being). Findings showed satisfactory parameters for Grit-S including: reliability, structural and external validity, and measurement invariance across gender groups. The results support the possibility of using the Grit-S questionnaire in research exploring the predictors of success.

References

  • Bergman, L.R., Corovic, J., Ferrer-Wreder, L., & Modig, K. (2014). High IQ in early adolescence and career success in adulthood: Findings from a Swedish longitudinal study. Research in Human Development, 11, 165-185. doi: 10.1080/15427609.2014.936261

  • Brown, M.W., & Cudeck, R. (1993). Alternative ways of assessing model fi t. In K.A. Bollen & J.S. Long (Eds.), Testing structural equation models (pp. 136-162). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

  • Caspi, A., Roberts, B.W., & Shiner, R. (2005). Personality development: Stability and change. Annual Review of Psychology, 56, 453-484. doi: 10.1146/annurev.psych.55.090902.141913

  • Chen, F.F. (2007). Sensitivity of goodness of fi t indexes to lack of measurement invariance. Structural Equation Modeling, 14, 464-504. doi: 10.1080/10705510701301834

  • Christensen, R., & Knezek, G. (2014). Comparative measures of grit, tenacity and perseverance. International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research, 8, 16-30.

  • Credé, M., & Kuncel, N.R. (2008). Study habits, skills, and attitudes: The third pillar supporting collegiate academic performance. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 3, 425-453. doi: 10.1111/j.1745-6924.2008.00089.x

  • Datu, J.A.D., Valdez, J.P.M., & King, R.B. (2015). Perseverance counts but consistency does not! Validating the Short Grit Scale in a collectivist setting. Current Psychology, 35, 121-130. doi: 10.1007/s12144-015-9374-2

  • Diener, E. (2000). Subjective well-being. The science of happiness and a proposal for a National Index. American Psychologist, 1, 34-43. doi: 10.1037/0003-066X.55.1.34

  • Diener, E. (1984). Subjective well-being. Psychological Bulletin, 95, 542-575. doi: 10.1037//0003-066X.55.1.34

  • Duckworth, A.L., Kirby, T.A., Tsukayama, E., Berstein, H., & Ericsson, K.A. (2011). Deliberate practice spells success: Why grittier competitors triumph at the National Spelling Bee. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 2, 174-181. doi: 10.1177/1948550610385872

  • Duckworth, A.L., Peterson, C., Matthews, M.D., & Kelly, D.R. (2007). Grit: Perseverance and passion for long-term goals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92, 1087-1101. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.92.6.1087

  • Duckworth, A.L., & Quinn, P.D. (2009). Development and validation of the Short Grit Scale (Grit-S). Journal of Personality Assessment, 91, 166-174. doi: 10.1080/00223890802634290

  • Duckworth, A.L., Quinn, P.D., & Seligman, M.E.P. (2009). Positive predictors of teacher effectiveness. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 4, 540-547. doi: 10.1080/17439760903157232.

  • Duckworth, A.L., & Gross, J.J. (2014). Self-control and grit: Related but separable determinants of success. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 23, 319-325. doi: 10.1177/0963721414541462

  • Eskreis-Winkler, L., Duckworth, A.L., Shulman, E.P., & Beal, S. (2014). The grit effect: Predicting retention in military, the workplace, school, and marriage. Frontiers in Personality Science and Individual Differences, 5, 36. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00036

  • Evers, A., & Sieverding, M. (2014). Why do highly qualifi ed women (still) earn less? Gender differences in long-term predictors of career success. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 38, 93-106. doi: 10.1177/0361684313498071

  • Gottfredson, L.S. (1997). Why g matters: The complexity of everyday life. Intelligence, 24, 79-132. doi: 10.1016/S0160-2896(97)90014-3

  • Hatchimonji, D.R. (2016). Grit in Latino middle school students: Construct validity and psychometric properties of the Short Grit Scale. A thesis submitted to the Graduate School-New Brunswick Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey.

  • Hu, L., & Bentler, P.M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fi t indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling, 6, 1-55. doi: 10.1080/10705519909540118

  • Karaś, D., Cieciuch, J., & Keyes, C.L.M. (2014). The Polish adaptation of the Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (MHC-SF). Personality and Individual Differences, 69, 104-109. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2014.05.011

  • Kenny, D.A. (November 24, 2015). Measuring Model Fit. Retrieved from http://davidakenny.net/cm/fit.htm

  • Keyes, C.L.M. (2002). The mental health continuum: From languishing to fl ourishing in life. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 43, 207-222. doi: 10.2307/3090197

  • Keyes, C.L.M. (2013). Atlanta: Brief Description of the Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (MHC-SF). Retrieved from http://www.sociology.emory.edu/ckeyes

  • Kline, R.B. (2009). Principles and practice of Structural Equation Modeling. New York, NY: Guilford Press.

  • Maddi, S.R. (2002). The story of hardiness: Twenty years of theorizing, research, and practice. Consulting Psychology Journal, 54, 173-185 doi: 10.1037//1061-4087.54.3.175

  • Maddi, S.R., Erwin, L.M., Carmody, C.L., Villarreal, B.J., White, M., & Gundersen, K.K. (2013). Relationship of hardiness, grit, and emotional intelligence to internet addiction, excessive consumer spending, and gambling. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 8, 128-134. doi: 10.1080/17439760.2012.758306

  • Maddi, S.R., Khoshaba, D.M., Harvey, R.H., Fazel, M., & Resurreccion, N. (2011). The personality construct of hardiness, V: Relationships with the construction of existential meaning in life. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 51, 369-388. doi: 10.1177/0022167810388941

  • McCrae, R.R., & Costa, P.T. (2005). Osobowość dorosłego człowieka [Personality in adulthood]. Kraków: Wydawnictwo WAM.

  • Moutafi, J., Furnham, A., & Paltiel, L. (2005). Can personality factors predict intelligence? Personality and Individual Differences, 38, 1021-1033. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2004.06.023

  • Nyberg, A., Hanson, L.L.M., Leineweber, C., & Johansson, G. (2015). Do predictors of career success differ between Swedish women and men? Data from the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health (SLOSH). PLoS ONE, 10, 10. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0140516

  • Roberts, B.W., Kuncel, N.R., Shiner, R., Caspi, A., & Goldberg, L.R. (2007). The power of personality: The comparative validity of personality traits, socioeconomic status, and cognitive ability for predicting important life outcomes. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 2, 313-345. doi: 10.1111/j.1745-6916.2007.00047.x

  • Sewell, W.H., Haller, A.O., & Portes, A. (1969). The educational and early occupational attainment process. American Sociological Review, 34, 82-92. doi: 10.2307/2092789

  • Siekańska, M. (2004). Psychologiczne uwarunkowania sukcesów zawodowych [Psychological determinants of professional success]. Przegląd Psychologiczny, 47, 275-290.

  • Steel, P. (2007). The nature of procrastination: A meta-analytic and theoretical review of quintessential self-regulatory failure. Psychological Bulletin, 133(1), 65-94. doi: 10.1037/0033-2909.133.1.65.

  • Steel, P. (2010). Arousal, avoidant and decisional procrastinators: Do they exist? Personality and Individual Differences, 48, 926-934. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2010.02.025

  • Stępień, M., Cieciuch, J. (2013). Polska adaptacja Pure Procrastination Scale [Polish adaptation of the Pure Procrastination Scale]. Unpublished manuscript.

  • Stolarski, M., Zajenkowski, M., & Misenberg, G. (2013). National intelligence and personality: Their relationships and impact on national economic success. Intelligence, 41, 94-101. doi: 10.1016/j.intell.2012.11.003

  • Tangney, J.P., Baumeister, R.F., & Boone, A.L. (2004). High self-control predicts good adjustment, less pathology, better grades, and interpersonal success. Journal of Personality, 72, 271-322. doi: 10.1111/j.0022-3506.2004.00263.x

  • Vainio, M.M., Daukantaite, D. (2016). Grit and different aspects of wellbeing: Direct and indirect relationships via sense of coherence and authenticity. Journal of Happiness Studies, 17, 2119-2147. doi: 10.1007/s10902-015-9688-7

  • Von Culin, K.R., Tsukayama, E., & Duckworth, A.L. (2014). Unpacking grit: Motivational correlates of perseverance and passion for long-term goals. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 9, 1-7. doi: 10.1080/17439760.2014.898320

Polish Psychological Bulletin

The Journal of Committee for Psychological Sciences of Polish Academy of Sciences

Journal Information


CiteScore 2016: 0.33

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.185
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.258

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 25 25 25
PDF Downloads 5 5 5