The assessment of the fear of being laughed at in Poland: Translation and first evaluation of the Polish GELOPH<15>

Open access

The assessment of the fear of being laughed at in Poland: Translation and first evaluation of the Polish GELOPH<15>

The main aim of the paper was to translate and, for the first time, evaluate the Polish GELOPH<15>. This is a 15-item questionnaire for the subjective assessment of gelotophobia, the fear of being laughed at. Gelotophobia is seen as an individual differences phenomenon at a sub-clinical level. The psychometric properties of the Polish version were tested in two independently collected samples with a total N of 506 participants. The Polish GELOPH<15> yielded good psychometric properties in terms of high reliability in both samples. The fear of being laughed at existed widely independently from the participants' age, sex, or marital status (being married or living with a partner vs. being single or not living with a partner). The Polish GELOPH<15> can be seen as a reliable instrument for the subjective assessment of gelotophobia for research and practical applications.

Boski, P. (2009). Kulturowe ramy zachowań społecznych. Podręcznik psychologii międzykulturowej [Cultural framework for social behaviors: Textbook of intercultural psychology]. Warsaw: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN SA.

Carretero-Dios, H., Proyer, R.T., Ruch, W., & Rubio, V.J. (2010). The Spanish version of the GELOPH<15>: Properties of a questionnaire for the assessment of the fear of being laughed at. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology, 10(2), 345-357.

Carretero-Dios, H., Ruch, W., Agudelo, D., Platt, T. & Proyer, R.T. (2010). Fear of being laughed at and social anxiety: A preliminary psychometric study. Psychological Test and Assessment Modeling, 52(1), 108-124.

Chapman, A.J. & Foot, H.C. (Eds.) (1977) It's a Funny Thing, Humour. Oxford: Pergamon Press.

Chen, H.C., Chan, Y., Ruch, W., & Proyer, R.T. (in press). Evaluating the reliability and validity of a traditional Chinese version of the PhoPhiKat-45. Psychological Testing in Taiwan (TSSCI).

Davies, Ch. (2009). Humor theory and the fear of being laughed at. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 22(1/2), 49-62.

Edwards, K.R., Martin, R.A., & Dozois, D.J.A. (2010). The fear of being laughed at, social anxiety, and memories of being teased during childhood. Psychological Test and Assessment Modeling, 52(1), 94-107.

Forabosco, G., Dore, M., Ruch, W., & Proyer, R.T. (2009). Psicopatologia della paura di essere deriso. Un'indagine sulla gelotofobia in Italia. Giornale di Psicologia, 3(2), 183-190.

Forabosco, G., Ruch, W., & Nucera, P. (2009). The fear of being laughed at among psychiatric patients. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 21(1/2), 233-251.

Führ, M. (2010). The applicability of the GELOPH<15> in children and adolescents: First evaluation in a large sample of Danish pupils. Psychological Test and Assessment Modeling, 52(1), 60-76.

Führ, M., Proyer, R.T., & Ruch, W. (2009). Assessing the fear of being laughed at (gelotophobia): First evaluation of the Danish GELOPH<15>. Nordic Psychology, 61(2), 62-73.

Goldstein, J.H., & McGhee, P.E. (1972). The psychology of humor: theoretical perspectives and empirical issues. New York: Academic Press.

Guiso, L., Sapienza, P., & Zingales, L. (2003). People's opium? The economic effect of religion. Journal of Monetary Economics, 50(1), 225-282.

Hofstede, G. (2001). Culture's consequences. Comparing values, behaviors, institutions and organizations across nations. Thousand Oaks CA: Sage.

Hofstede, G., & Hofstede, G.J. (2005). Cultures and organizations. Software of the mind. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Hrebícková, M., Ficková, E., Klementová, M., Ruch, W., & Proyer, R.T. (2009). Strach ze zesmesnení: Ceská a slovenská verze dotazníku pro zjistování gelotofobie [The fear of being laughted at: The Czech and Slovak version of the GELOPH 15 for the assessment of gelotophobia]. Ceskoslovenská Psychologie, 53, 469-480.

Janes, L.M., & Olson, J.M. (2000). Jeer pressure: The behavioral effects of observing ridicule of others. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 26, 474-485.

Kazarian, S., Ruch, W., & Proyer, R.T. (2009). Gelotophobia in the Lebanon: The Arabic version of a questionnaire for the subjective assessment of the fear of being laughed at. Arab Journal of Psychiatry, 20, 42-56.

Martin, R.A. (2007). The psychology of humor: An integrative approach. Burlington, MA: Elsevier Academic Press.

McCrae, R.R., Terracciano, A., & 79 members of the Personality Profiles of Cultures Projects (2005). Personality profiles of cultures: Aggregate personality traits. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 89(3), 407-425.

McGhee, P.E., & Goldstein, J.H. (Eds.) (1983) Handbook of Humor Research (Vol. 1 & 2). New York: Springer.

Nathanson, D.L. (1992). Shame and Pride. New York: W.W. Norton.

Papousek, I., Ruch, W., Freudenthaler, H.H., Kogler, E., Lang, B., & Schulter, G. (2009). Gelotophobia, emotion-related skills and responses to the affective states of others. Personality and Individual Differences, 47, 58-63.

Platt, T. (2008). Emotional responses to ridicule and teasing: Should gelotophobes react differently? Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 21(2), 105-128.

Platt, T., Proyer, R.T., & Ruch, W. (2009). Gelotophobia and bullying: The assessment of the fear of being laughed at and its application among bullying victims. Psychology Science Quarterly, 51(2), 135-147.

Platt, T., & Ruch, W. (2009). The emotions of gelotophobes: Shameful, fearful and joyless? Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 22(1/2), 91-110.

Platt, T., & Ruch, W. (2010). Gelotophobia and age: Do disposition towards ridicule and being laughed at predict coping with age-related vulnerabilities? Psychological Test and Assessment Modeling, 52(2), 231-244.

Platt, T., Ruch, W., & Proyer, R.T. (2010). A lifetime of the fear of being laughed at: An aged perspective. Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie, 43, 36-41.

Proyer, R.T., Hempelmann, C.F., & Ruch, W. (2009). How virtuous are gelotophobes? Self- and peer-reported character strengths among those who fear being laughed at. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 22(1/2), 145-163.

Proyer, R.T., Platt, T., & Ruch, W. (2010). Self-conscious emotions and ridicule: Shameful gelotophobes and guilt free katagelasticists. Personality and Individual Differences, 49, 54-58.

Proyer, R.T., & Ruch, W. (2009). How virtuous are gelotophobes? Selfand peer-reported character strengths among those who fear being laughed at. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 22(1/2), 145-163.

Proyer, R.T., & Ruch, W. (2010). Dispositions towards ridicule and being laughed at: Current research on gelotophobia, gelotophilia, and katagelasticism [Special issue]. Psychological Test and Assessment Modeling, 52(1/2).

Proyer, R.T., Ruch, W., & Chen, G.-H. (in press). Positive psychology and the fear of being laughed at: Gelotophobia and its relations to orientations to happiness and life satisfaction in Austria, China, and Switzerland. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research.

Radomska, A., & Tomczak, J. (2010). Gelotophobia, self-presentation styles, and psychological gender. Psychological Test and Assessment Modeling, 52(2), 191-201.

Rawlings, D., Tham, T.A., & Milner Davis, J. (2010). Gelotophobia, personality and emotion ratings following emotion-inducing scenarios. Psychological Test and Assessment Modeling, 52(2), 161-170.

Renner, K.-H., & Heydasch, T. (2010). Performing humor: On the relations between self-presentation styles, gelotophobia, gelotophilia, and katagelasticism. Psychological Test and Assessment Modeling, 52(2), 171-190.

Ruch, W. (2004a). Humor. In: C.P. Peterson & M.E.P. Seligman (Eds.), Character strengths and virtues: A handbook and classification (pp. 583-598). Washington DC, USA: American Psychological Association Press and Oxford University Press.

Ruch, W. (2004b). Gelotophobia: A useful new concept? Paper presented at the IPSR Colloquium Series. Berkeley, USA.

Ruch, W. (2008). The psychology of humor. In: V. Raskin (Ed.), A primer of humor (pp. 17-100). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Ruch, W. (2009). Gelotophobia: The fear of being laughed at [Special issue]. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 22(1/2).

Ruch, W., Altfreder, O., & Proyer, R.T. (2009). How do gelotophobes interpret laughter in ambiguous situations? An experimental validation of the concept. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 22(1/2), 63-89.

Ruch, W., & Proyer, R.T. (2008a). The fear of being laughed at: Individual and group differences in Gelotophobia. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 21(1), 47-67.

Ruch, W., & Proyer, R.T. (2008b). Who is gelotophobic? Assessment criteria for the fear of being laughed at. Swiss Journal of Psychology, 67(1), 19-27.

Ruch, W., & Proyer, R.T. (2009a). Who fears being laughed at? The location of gelotophobia in the Eysenckian PEN-model of personality. Personality and Individual Differences, 46, 627-630.

Ruch, W., & Proyer, R.T. (2009b). Extending the study of gelotophobia: On gelotophiles and katagelasticists. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 22(1/2), 183-212.

Ruch, W., Proyer, R.T., & Popa, D E. (2008). The fear of being laughed at (gelotophobia) and personality. Anuarul Institutului de Istorie "G. Baritiu" din Cluj-Napoca (Ed.), Series Humanistica (Vol. VI, pp. 53-68). Cluj-Napoca: Romania.

Ruch, W., Proyer, R.T., & Ventis, L. (2010). The relationship of teasing in childhood to the expression of gelotophobia in adults. Psychological Test and Assessment Modeling, 52(1), 77-93.

Samson, A.C., Huber, O., & Ruch, W. (in press). Teasing, ridiculing and the relation to the fear of being laughed at in individuals with Asperger's syndrome. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders.

Samson, A.C., & Meyer, Y.N. (2010). Perception of aggressive humor in gelotophobes, gelotophiles and katagelasticists. Psychological Test and Assessment Modeling, 52(2), 217-230.

Samson, A.C., Proyer, R.T., Ceschi, G., Pedrini, P.P., & Ruch, W. (in press). The fear of being laughed at in Switzerland: Regional differences and the role of positive psychology. Swiss Journal of Psychology.

Samson, A.C., Thibault, P., Proyer, R.T., & Ruch, W. (in press). The subjective assessment of the fear of being laughed at (gelotophobia): Adaptation of the French version of the GELOPH<15>. European Review of Applied Psychology/Revue Européenne de Psychologie Appliquée.

Sarid, O., Ruch, W., & Proyer, R. (in press). Gelotophobia in Israel: On the assessment of the fear of being laughed at. Israel Journal of Psychiatry and Related Sciences.

Schwartz, S.H. (2004). Mapping and interpreting cultural differences around the world. In: H. Vinken, J. Soeters & P. Ester (Eds.), Comparing cultures. Dimensions of culture in a comparative perspective (pp. 43-73). Leiden: Brill.

Titze, M. (2009). Gelotophobia: The fear of being laughed at. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 22(1/2), 27-48.

Watson, D., & Friend, R. (1969). Measurement of social-evaluative anxiety. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 33, 448-457.

Polish Psychological Bulletin

The Journal of Committee for Psychological Sciences of Polish Academy of Sciences

Journal Information


CiteScore 2016: 0.33

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.185
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.258

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 145 145 29
PDF Downloads 41 41 6