Conditions influencing incoming global solar radiation in Hornsund (Spitsbergen) in spring 2015

Open access

Abstract

This article analyses the conditions affecting the incoming global solar radiation in Hornsund (Spitsbergen) in spring of 2015. Incoming solar radiation turned out to be average for the season under analysis, as compared with longer-term data. The clearness index (KT) was 0.46, and was mainly determined by the extent of cloudiness. As a result of differences in the length of day, sunshine duration in May was greater than in April. Incoming solar radiation to the earth’s surface is also affected by the atmospheric optical properties. The average value of aerosol optical depth (AOD) at 500 nm in Hornsund in spring of 2015 was 0.087. In the analysed period, increased values of AOD at 500 nm (up to 0.143) were observed, although these are not record values. Over April and May, the greatest part of optical depth was comprised of anthropogenic aerosols (41%), followed by marine aerosols (26%), desert dust (21%) and biomass-burning aerosols (12%). This indicates the significant role of the anthropogenic factor in the climatic conditions of Spitsbergen.

Budyko M.I. 1971. Climate and life. Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad: 470 pp. (in Russian).

Gavrilova M.K. 1963. Radiation Climate of the Arctic. Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad: 225 pp. (in Russian).

Głowicki B. 1985. Radiation conditions in the Hornsund area (Spitsbergen). Polish Polar Research 6: 301–318.

Hartmann D.L. 1994. Global physical climatology. Academic Press, San Diego: 411 pp.

Karasiński G., Posyniak M., Bloch M., Sobolewski P., Małarzewski Ł. and Soroka J. 2014. Lidar observations of volcanic dust over Polish Polar Station at Hornsund after eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull and Grimsvötn. Acta Geophysica 62: 316–339.

Kotarba A., Widawski A. 2008. The satellite cloud climatology in 2007 above Svalbard in relation to atmospheric circulation conditions. Problemy Klimatologii Polarnej 18: 127–140 (in Polish).

Lisok J., Markowicz K.M., Ritter C., Neuber R., Makuch P., Pakszys P., Markuszewski P., Petelski T., Rozwadowska A., Zielinski T., Chilinski M., Stachlewska I.S., Becagli S., Traversi R., Udisti R., Struzewska J., Kaminski J.W. and Jefimow M. 2016. 2014 iAREA campaign on aerosol in Spitsbergen – Part 1: Study of physical and chemical properties. Atmospheric Environment 140: 150–165.

Lipiński O. and Łupikasza E. 2016. The role of atmospheric circulation in shaping total cloudiness over Spitsbergen (1983–2013). Przegląd Geograficzny 88: 317–337 (in Polish).

Marsz A.A. 2013. Cloudiness and sunshine duration. In: A.A. Marsz and A. Styszyńska (eds) Climate and climate change at Hornsund, Svalbard. The publishing house of Gdynia Maritime University, Gdynia: 101–125.

Marshunova M.S. and Chernigovskii N.T. 1971. Radiation Regime of the Foreign Arctic. Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad: 182 pp. (in Russian).

Matuszko D., Celiński-Mysław D. and Soroka J. 2015. Sunshine duration in the European arctic and Greenland based on the data from selected stations in the polar regions. Problemy Klimatologii Polarnej 25: 127–138 (in Polish).

Niedźwiedź T. 2013. The atmospheric circulation. In: A.A. Marsz and A. Styszyńska (eds) Climate and climate change at Hornsund, Svalbard. The publishing house of Gdynia Maritime University, Gdynia: 57–74.

Niedźwiedź T. 2016. A catalogue of circulation types for Spitsbergen, digital collection. Department of Climatology, University of Silesia, Sosnowiec.

Ohmura A. 1981. Climate and energy balance of Arctic tundra. Zürcher Geographische Schriften, 3, Zürich: 448 pp.

Ohmura A. 1982. A historical review of studies on the energy balance of Arctic tundra. International Journal of Climatology 2: 185–195.

Pakszys P., Zieliński T., Markowicz K., Petelski T., Makuch P., Lisok J., Chiliński M., Rozwadowska A., Ritter CH., Neuber R., Udisti R. and Mazzola M. 2015. Annual changes of aerosol optical depth and Ångström exponent over Spitsbergen. In: T. Zieliński, M. Węsławski and K. Kuliński, (eds), Impact of climate changes on marine environments, GeoPlanet: Earth and Planetary Sciences, Springer, Switzerland: 148 pp.

Przybylak R. 1992. Air temperature and humidity relations at Hornsund /Spitsbergen/ in the period 1978–1983 on the background of atmospheric circulation. Dokumentacja Geograficzna 2: 1–105 (in Polish).

Przybylak R. 2016. The climate of the Arctic. Springer: 287 pp.

Quinn P.K., Shaw G., Andrews E., Dutton E.G., Ruoho – Airola T. and Gong L. 2007. Arctic haze: current trends and knowledge gaps. Tellus 59B: 99–114.

Rozwadowska A., Petelski T. and Zieliński T. 2008. Aerosol measurements in Hornsund during XXIX PAS Polar Expedition. Problemy Klimatologii Polarnej 18: 161–170 (in Polish).

Rozwadowska A., Sobolewski P. 2010. Variability in aerosol optical properties at Hornsund, Spitsbergen. Oceanologia 52: 599–620.

Rozwadowska A., Zieliński T., Petelski T. and Sobolewski P. 2010. Cluster analysis of the impact of air back-trajectories on aerosol optical properties at Hornsund, Spitsbergen. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 10: 877–893.

Spinnangr G. 1968. Global radiation and duration of sunshine in Northern Norway and Spitsbergen. Meteor. Annaler 5, 3: 66–112.

Styszyńska A. 2013. Solar radiation. In: A.A. Marsz and A. Styszyńska (eds) Climate and climate change at Hornsund, Svalbard. The publishing house of Gdynia Maritime University, Gdynia: 117–143.

Stein A.F., Draxler R.R., Rolph G.D., Stunder B.J.B., Cohen M.D. and Ngan F. 2015. NOAA’s HYSPLIT atmospheric transport and dispersion modelling system. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 96. 2059–2077.

Toledano C., Cachorro V.E., Gausa M., Stebel K., Aaltonen V., Berjón A., Ortiz de Galisteo J.P., de Frutos A.M., Bennouna Y., Blindheim S., Myhre C.L., Zibordi G., Wehrli C., Kratzer S., Hakansson B., Carlund T., de Leeuw G., Herber A. and Torres B. 2012. Overview of sun photometer measurements of aerosol properties in Scandinavia and Svalbard. Atmospheric Environment 52: 18–28.

Tomasi C., Vitale V., Lupi A., Di Carmine C., Campanelli M., Herber A., Treffeisen R., Stone R.S., Andrews E., Sharma S., Radionov V., von Hoyningen-Huene W., Stebel K., Hansen G.H., Myhre C.L., Wehrli C., Aaltonen V., Lihavainen H., Virkkula A., Hillamo R., Ström J., Toledano C., Cachorro V.E., Ortiz P., de Frutos A.M., Blindheim S., Frioud M., Gausa M., Zielinski T., Petelski T. and Yamanouchi T., 2007. Aerosols in polar regions: A historical overview based on optical depth and in situ observations. Journal of Geophysical Research 112: D16205.

Polish Polar Research

The Journal of Committee on Polar Research of Polish Academy of Sciences

Journal Information


IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 0.636
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.121

CiteScore 2016: 1.20

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2015: 0.556
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2015: 0.645

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 157 157 17
PDF Downloads 53 53 6