Radiation balance diversity on NW Spitsbergen in 2010–2014

Open access


This article presents the results of observations of selected fluxes of the radiation balance in north-western Spitsbergen in the years from 2010 to 2014. Measurements were taken in Ny-Ålesund and in the area of Kaffiøyra, on different surface types occurring in the Polar zone: moraine, tundra, snow and ice. Substantial differences in the radiation balance among the various types of surface were observed. The observations carried out in the summer seasons of 2010–2014 in the area of Kaffiøyra demonstrated that the considerable reflection of solar radiation on the Waldemar Glacier (albedo 55%) resulted in a smaller solar energy net income. During the polar day, a diurnal course of the components of the radiation balance was apparently related to the solar elevation angle. When the sun was low over the horizon, the radiation balance became negative, especially on the glacier. Diurnal, annual and multi-annual variations in the radiation balance have a significant influence on the functioning of the environment in polar conditions.

Araźny A. 2012. Ground temperature. In: R. Przybylak, A. Araźny and M. Kejna (eds.) Topoclimatic diverisity in Forlandsundet region (NW Spitsbergen) in global warming conditions. Oficyna Wydawnicza “Turpress”, Toruń: 77–88.

Araźny A., Przybylak R. and Kejna M. 2016. Ground temperature changes on the Kaffiøyra Plain (Spitsbergen) in the summer seasons, 1975–2014. Polish Polar Research 37: 1–21.

Arnold N. and Rees G. 2009. Effects of digital elevation model spatial resolution on distributed calculations of solar radiation loading on a High Arctic glacier. Journal of Glaciology 55: 194: 973–984.

Bintanja R. 1995. The local energy balance of the Ecology Glacier, King George Island, Antarctica: Measurements and modelling. Antarctic Science 7: 315–325.

Bintanja R. and van den Broeke M.R. 1996a. The influence of clouds on the radiation budget of ice and snow surfaces in Antarctica and Greenland in summer. International Journal of Climatology 16: 1281–1296.

Bintanja R. and van den Broeke M.R. 1996b. The surface energy balance of Antarctic snow and blue ice. Journal of Applied Meteorology 34: 902–926.

Budzik T. 2003. The structure of solar balance radiation in the area of the Aavatsmark glacier held from April 13 to May 4, 2002. Problemy Klimatolologii Polarnej 13: 151–160 (in Polish).

Budzik T. 2004. The structure of solar balance radiation in Ny-Ålesund (Spitsbergen) in the years 1989 and 2003. Problemy Klimatologii Polarnej 14: 189–197 (in Polish).

Budzik T., Sikora S. and Araźny A. 2009. Annual radiation balance course of the active surface in Hornsund (May 2008 – April 2009). Problemy Klimatologii Polarnej 19: 233–246 (in Polish).

Caputa Z., Grabiec M. and Lulek A. 2002. The structure of the radiation balance on Aavatsmarka Glacier from 11 to 30 April 2001. In: A. Kostrzewski and G. Rachlewicz (eds.) Funkcjonowanie i monitoring geoekosystemów obszarów polarnych, Poznań: 96–103 (in Polish).

Curry J.A., Rossow W.B., Randall D. and Schramm J.L. 1996. Overview of Arctic cloud and radiation characteristics. Journal of Climate 9: 1731–1764.

Duynkerke P.G. and van den Broeke M.R. 1994. Surface energy balance and katabatic flow over glacier and tundra during GIMEX-91. Global Planete Change 9: 17–28.

Eastman R. and Warren S.G. 2010. Interannual variations of Arctic cloud types in relation to sea ice. Journal of Climate 23: 4216–4232.

Etzelműller B., Schuler T.V., Isaksen K., Christiansen H.H., Farbrot H. and Benestad R. 2011. Modeling the temperature evolution of Svalbard permafrost during the 20th and 21st century. The Cryosphere 5: 67–79.

Gluza A. and Siwek K. 2005. Albedo differentiation of Calypsostranda (West Spitsbergen) in summer 2001. Problemy Klimatologii Polarnej 15: 113–117 (in Polish).

Głowicki B. 1985. Radiation conditions in the Hornsund area (Spitsbergen). Polish Polar Research 6: 301–318.

Hartmann D.L. 1994. Global Physical climatology. Academic Press, New York: 408 pp.

Hisdal V. 1986. Spectral distribution of global and diffuse solar radiation in Ny-Ålesund. Spitsbergen. Polar Research 5: 1–27.

Hisdal V., Finnekåsa Ø. and Vinje T. 1992. Radiation measurements in Ny-Ålesund. Spitsbergen 1981–1987. Meddelelser 118, Norsk Polarinstitutt, Oslo. 380 pp.

Isaksen K., Nordli Ø., Førland E.J., Łupikasza E., Eastwood S. and Niedźwiedź T. 2016. Recent warming on Spitsbergen—Influence of atmospheric circulation and sea ice cover, Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres 121: 11913–11931.

Karner F., Obleitner F., Krismer T., Kohler J. and Greuell W. 2013. A decade of energy and mass balance investigations on the glacier Kongsvegen, Svalbard. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 118: 3986–4000.

Kejna M. 2000. Albedo of the Waldemar glacier surface (Spitsbergen) in summer season 1999. In: Polish Polar Studies, 27th International Polar Symposium, Toruń: 181–190.

Kejna M., Przybylak R. and Araźny A. 2011. Spatial differentiation of radiation balance in the Kaffiøyra region (Svalbard, Arctic) in the summer season 2010. Problemy Klimatologii Polarnej 21: 173–186.

Kejna M. 2012. Radiation conditions. In: R. Przybylak, A. Araźny, M. Kejna (eds.) Topoclimatic diverisity in Forlandsundet region (NW Spitsbergen) in global warming conditions. Oficyna Wydawnicza “Turpress”, Toruń: 53–76.

Kejna M., Uscka-Kowalkowska J., Araźny A., Kunz M., Maszewski R. and Przybylak R. 2014. Spatial differentiation of global solar radiation in Toruń and its suburban area (central Poland) in 2012. Bulletin of Geography - Physical Geography Series 7: 27–56.

Kryza M., Szymanowski M. and Migała K. 2010. Spatial information on total solar radiation: Application and evaluation of the sun model for the Wedel Jarlsberg Land. Svalbard. Polish Polar Research 31: 17–32.

Kosiba A. 1960. Some of results of glaciological investigations in SW-Spitsbergen. Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego B4: 3–30.

Kupfer H., Herber A. and König-Langlo G. 2006. Radiation measurements and synoptic observations at Ny-Ålesund. Svalbard. Reports on Polar and Marine Research, Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven: 115 pp.

Láska K., Witoszová D. and Prošek P. 2012. Weather patterns of the coastal zone of Petuniabukta, central Spitsbergen in the period 2008–2010. Polish Polar Research 33: 297–318.

Marsz A. and Styszyńska A. 2007. Climate of the region of Polish Polar Station in Hornsund. Wydawnictwo Akademii Morskiej, Gdynia: 376 pp. (in Polish).

Maturilli M., Herber A. and König-Langlo G. 2013. Climatology and time series of surface meteorology in Ny-Ålesund. Svalbard. Earth System Science Data 5: 155–163.

Maturilli M., Herber A. and König-Langlo G. 2015. Surface radiation climatology for Ny-Ålesund. Svalbard (78.9° N). basic observations for trend detection. Theoretical and Applied Climatology 120: 331–339.

Nardino M. and Georgiadis T. 2003. Cloud type and cloud cover effects on the surface radiative balance at several polar sites. Theoretical and Applied Climatology 74: 203–215.

Nordli Ø., Przybylak R., Ogilvie A.E.J. and Isaksen K. 2014. Long-term temperature trends and variability on Spitsbergen: the extended Svalbard Airport temperature series. 1898–2012. Polar Research 33: 21349.

Nuth C., Kohler J., König M., Von Deschwanden A., Hagen J.O., Kääb A., Moholdt G. and Pettersson R. 2013. Decadal changes from a multi-temporal glacier inventory of Svalbard. The Cryosphere 7: 1603–1621.

Oke T.R. 1987. Boundary layer climates. Routledge. London New York: 435 pp.

Ørbaek J.B., Hisdal V. and Svaasand L.E. 1999. Radiation climate variability in Svalbard: surface and satelite observations. Polar Research 18: 127–134.

Prošek P. and Brázdil R. 1994. Energy balance of the tundra at the Spitsbergen Island (Svalbard) in the summer seasons of 1988 and 1990. Scripta Facultatis Scientiarium Naturalium Universitatis Masarykianae Brunensis 24 (Geography): 43–60.

Przybylak R. 2016. The Climate of the Arctic. Atmospheric and Oceanographic Sciences Library 52, Springer International Publishing Switzerland: 287 pp.

Przybylak R. and Araźny A. 2006. Climatic conditions of the north-western part of Oscar II Land (Spitsbergen) in the period between 1975 and 2000. Polish Polar Research 27: 133–152.

Przybylak R., Araźny A. and Kejna M. (eds) 2012. Topoclimatic diverisity in Forlandsundet region (NW Spitsbergen) in global warming conditions. Oficyna Wydawnicza “Turpress”, Toruń: 174 pp.

Screen J.A. and Simmonds I. 2010. The central role of diminishing sea ice in recent Arctic temperature amplification. Nature 464: 1334–1337.

Serreze M.C. and Barry R.G. 2011. Processes and impacts of Arctic amplification: A research synthesis. Global and Planetary Change 77: 85–96.

Shupe M.D. and Intrieri J. 2004. Cloud radiative forcing of the Arctic surface: the influence of cloud properties, surface albedo, and solar zenith angle. Journal of Climate 17: 616–628.

Sobota I. 2013. Contemporary changes of the cryosphere of north-western Spitsbergen based on the example of the Kaffiøyra region. Wydawnictwo Naukowe UMK: 459 pp. (in Polish).

Sobota I. and Lankauf K.R. 2010. Recession of Kaffiøyra region glaciers. Oscar II Land. Svalbard. Bulletin of Geography – Physical Geography Series 3: 27–45.

Sobota I. and Nowak M. 2014. Changes in the dynamics and thermal regime of the permafrost and active layer of the High Arctic coastal area in North-West Spitsbergen. Svalbard. Geografiska Annaler A 96: 227–240.

Styszyńska A. 1997. Valuation of the monthly sum of the total sun radiation in Hornsund (SW Spitsbergen). In: J. Repelewska-Pękalowa and K. Pękala (eds.) Spitsbergen Geographical Expeditions of M. Curie-Skłodowska University. UMCS Lublin: 163–172.

Vinje T. 1974–1982. Radiation conditions in Spitsbergen. Norsk Polarinstitutt Årbok, Norsk Polarinstitut, Tromsø.

Wang K. and Dickinson R.E. 2013. Global atmospheric downward longwave radiation at the surface from ground-based observations, satellite retrievals, and reanalyses. Reviews of Geophysics 51: 150–185.

Westermann S., Luers J., Langer M., Piel K. and Boike J. 2009. The annual surface energy budget of a high-arctic permafrost site on Svalbard. Norway. The Cryosphere 3: 245–263.

Wójcik G. 1989. The transparency of the atmosphere and the intensity of direct solar radiation in the Arctic and Antarctic. XVI Sympozjum Polarne, Toruń. 19–20 września 1989 r.: 149–151 (in Polish).

Wójcik G. and Marciniak K. 1993. The daily course of direct solar radiation in the summer on Spitsbergen. In: Działalność naukowa Profesora Władysława Gorczyńskiego i jej kontynuacja. Sympozjum w Uniwersytecie Mikołaja Kopernika. Toruń, Streszczenia referatów. 121–123 (in Polish).

Wójcik G. and Marciniak K. 2002. The transparency of the atmosphere and the intensity of direct solar radiation on Kaffiöyra Plain (NW Spitsbergen) in summer 1979. Problemy Klimatologii Polarnej 8: 105–110 (in Polish).

Zygmuntowska M., Mauritsen T., Quaas J. and Kaleschke L. 2012. Arctic clouds and surface radiation – a critical comparison of satellite retrievals and the ERA-interim reanalysis. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 12: 6667–6677.

Polish Polar Research

The Journal of Committee on Polar Research of Polish Academy of Sciences

Journal Information

IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 0.636
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.121

CiteScore 2016: 1.20

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2015: 0.556
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2015: 0.645


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 230 171 14
PDF Downloads 110 93 8