The value of the terricolous lichen Cetrariella delisei in the biomonitoring of heavy−metal levels in Svalbard

Open access

Abstract

The aim of this study was to identify a suitable lichen species for the long−term monitoring of heavy−metal atmospheric pollution in Svalbard. Cladonia and Cetraria s.l. species that have been widely used until now for assessing heavy−metal deposition in the Arctic are in decline over extensive areas of Svalbard, mainly due to climate change and over−grazing by reindeer. Cetrariella delisei, rarely used for biomonitoring, is still common and widespread in this area. Levels of Cr, Ni, Fe, Cu, Pb, Zn, Cd and Mn were measured in three lichen species: Cetrariella delisei, Cladonia uncialis, Flavocetraria nivalis and in a moss Racomitrium lanuginosum from Sørkapp Land, South Spitsbergen. The results imply that Cetrariella delisei can be safely compared to Cladonia uncialis for identifying the levels of heavy metals, but direct comparison between Cetrariella delisei and other species studied is more difficult owing to differences in levels of heavy metals even in samples from the same site.

AMAP 2005. AMAP Assessment 2002: Heavy Metals in the Arctic. Arctic Monitoring and Assess− ment Programme (AMAP) Oslo, Norway: xvi + 265 pp.

ALLEN−GIL S.M., FORD J., LASORSA B.K., MONETTI M., VLASOVA T. and LANDERS D.H. 2003.

Heavy metal contamination in the Taimyr Peninsula, Siberian Arctic. Science of the Total Envi−ronment 301: 119-138.

BARGAGLI R. and MIKHAILOVA I. 2002. Accumulation of inorganic contaminants. In: P.L. Nimis, C. Scheidegger and P.A. Wolseley (eds) Monitoring with Lichens - Monitoring Lichens, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht: 65-84.

DUBIEL E. and OLECH M. 1990. Plant communities of NW Sørkapp Land (Spitsbergen). ZeszytyNaukowe Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego, Prace Botaniczne 21: 35-74.

DUBIEL E. and OLECH M. 1991. Phytosociological map ofNWSørkapp Land (Spitsbergen). ZeszytyNaukowe Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego, Prace Botaniczne 22: 47-54.

ELVEBAKK A. 1997. Tundra diversity and ecological characteristics of Svalbard. In: F.E. Wielgolaski (ed.) Polar and Alpine Tundra. Ecosystems of the World, 3. Elsevier, Amsterdam: 347-359.

GRODZIŃSKA K. and GODZIK B. 1991. Heavy metals and sulphur in mosses from southern Spits− bergen. Polar Research 9: 133-140.

JOLY K., JANDT R.R. and KLEIN D.R. 2009. Decrease of lichens in Arctic ecosystems: the role of wildfire, caribou, reindeer, competition and climate in north−western Alaska. Polar Research 28: 433-442.

JOŹWIK Z. 1990. Heavy metals in tundra plants of Bellsund area, Spitsbergen. Polish Polar Research 11: 401-409.

JOŹWIK Z. 2000. Heavy metals in tundra plants of the Bellsund in West Spitsbergen, investigated in the years 1987-1995. Polish Polar Research 21: 43-54.

ØRITSLAND N.A. 1987. The reindeer in theNy−Ålesund area. Norsk Polarinstitutt Arbok, 1986: 38-40.

RIGET F.U., ASMUND G. and AASTRUP P. 2000. The use of lichen (Cetraria nivalis) and moss (Rhacomitrium lanuginosum) as monitors for atmospheric deposition in Greenland. Science ofthe Total Environment 245: 137-148.

SAMECKA−CYMERMAN A., WOJTUŃ B., KOLON K. and KEMPERS A.J. 2010. Sanionia uncinata (Hedw.) Loeske as bioindicator of metal pollution in polar regions. Polar Biology 34: 381-388.

SASTRE J., SAHUQUILLO A.,VIDAL M. and RAURET G. 2002. Determination of Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn in enviromental samples: microwave−assisted total digestion versus aqua regia and nitric acid ex− traction. Analytica Chimica Acta 462: 59-72.

SMITH C.W., APTROOT A., COPPINS B.J., FLETCHER A., GILBERT O.L., JAMES P.W. and WOLSELEY P.A. (eds) 2009. The Lichens of Great Britain and Ireland.British Lichen Society, London: 1046 pp.

SØDERGAARD J., JOHANSEN P.,ASMUND G. and RIGET F. 2011. Trends of lead and zinc in resident and transplanted Flavocetraria nivalis lichens near a former lead−zincmine in West Greenland. Scienceof the Total Environment 409: 4063-4071.

STATSOFT, INC. 2011. STATISTICA (data analysis software system), version 10.0. http://www. statsoft.com.

VAN DERWAL R., VAN LIESHOUT S.M.J. and LOONEN M.J.J.E. 2001. Differential effects of reindeer on high Arctic lichens. Journal of Vegetation Science 12: 705-710.

THOMSON J.W. 1984. American Arctic Lichens. 1. The Macrolichens. Columbia University Press, New York: 504 pp.

WĘGRZYN M., LISOWSKA M., OLECH M. and OSYCZKA P. 2011. Changes in Vegetation. In: W.

Ziaja (ed.) Western Sørkapp Land Natural Environment Transformation since the 1980s.

Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego, Krakow: 69-81.

ZIAJA W. 2002. Zmiany w strukturze środowiska przyrodniczego Sørkapplandu [Changes in the landscape structure of Sørkappland]. In:W. Ziaja and S. Skiba (eds) Struktura i funkcjonowanieśrodowiska przyrodniczego Sørkapplandu (Spitsbergen, Svalbard) [Sørkappland landscapestructure and functioning (Spitsbergen, Svalbard)]. Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagielloń− skiego, Krakow: 18-50.

ZIAJA W. 2011a. Climate. In:W. Ziaja (ed.) Western Sørkapp Land Natural Environment Transfor−mation since the 1980s. Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego, Krakow: 29-30.

ZIAJA W. 2011b. Climate warming. In: W. Ziaja (ed.) Western Sørkapp Land Natural EnvironmentTransformation since the 1980s. Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego, Krakow: 49-50.

ZHULIDOV A.V., ROBARTS R.D., PAVLOV D.F., KÄMÄRI J. GURTOVAYA T.Y., MERILAINEN J.J. and POSPELOV I.N. 2011. Long−term changes of heavy metal and sulphur concentrations in eco− systems of the Taymyr Peninsula (Russian Federation) North of the Norilsk Industrial Complex.

Environmental Monitorig and Assessment 181: 539-553.

Polish Polar Research

The Journal of Committee on Polar Research of Polish Academy of Sciences

Journal Information


IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 0.636
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.121

CiteScore 2016: 1.20

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2015: 0.556
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2015: 0.645

Cited By

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 194 194 10
PDF Downloads 71 71 12