A comment on the state of research into women’s empowerment and family planning

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  • Casterline, J., & Han, S. (2017). Unrealized fertility: Fertility desires at the end of the reproductive career. Demographic Research, 36, 427-454.

  • Channon, M.D., & Harper, S. (2017). How education mitigates the realisation of fertility intentions: Is sub-Saharan Africa different? IUSSP XXVIII International Population Conference. Cape Town, South Africa.

  • Harper, S., & Channon, M.D. (2016). Population growth, total fertility rate and desired family size: exploring education as a modifier in sub-Saharan Africa Systems Analysis Applied to Environment and Health. The Royal Society, London, UK.

  • Hewett, P.C., Austrian, K., Soler-Hampejsek, E., Behrman, J.R., Bozzani, F., & Jackson-Hachonda, N.A. (2017). Cluster randomized evaluation of Adolescent Girls Empowerment Programme (AGEP): study protocol. BMC public health, 17(1), 386.

  • Kabeer, N. (1999). Resources, agency, achievements: Reflections on the measurement of women’s empowerment. Development and change, 30(3), 435-464.

  • Kabeer, N. (2005). Gender equality and women’s empowerment: A critical analysis of the third millennium development goal 1. Gender & Development, 13(1), 13-24.

  • Prata, N., Fraser, A., Huchko, M.J., Gipson, J.D., Withers, M., Lewis, S., et al. (2017). Women’s empowerment and family planning: A review of the literature. Journal of Biosocial Science, 1-31.

  • Prost, A., Colbourn, T., Seward, N., Azad, K., Coomarasamy, A., Copas, A., et al. (2013). Women’s groups practising participatory learning and action to improve maternal and newborn health in low-resource settings: a systematic review and meta-analysis. The Lancet, 381(9879), 1736-1746.

  • The DHS Program. (2015). DHS Model Questionnaire - Phase 7: Model Woman’s Questionnaire.

  • Upadhyay, U.D., Gipson, J.D., Withers, M., Lewis, S., Ciaraldi, E.J., Fraser, A., et al. (2014). Women’s empowerment and fertility: a review of the literature. Social Science & Medicine, 115, 111-120.

  • Upadhyay, U.D., & Karasek, D. (2012). Women’s empowerment and ideal family size: an examination of DHS empowerment measures in Sub-Saharan Africa. International perspectives on sexual and reproductive health, 78-89.


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