Economical and Safe Method of Granular Material Storage in Silos in Offshore Port Terminals

Open access

Abstract

The article discusses issues related with storage of granular materials in silos made of corrugated sheets and reinforced with vertical ribs. Advantages and disadvantages of these structures are named, and typical technological solutions used by largest silo producers are presented. Moreover, basic assumptions of Eurocode 3 are discussed in the context of determining the buckling load capacity of a ribbed jacket. Alternative methods are indicated to determine the silo stability using analytical and FEM based methods. General conclusions are formulated with respect to designing of silos made of corrugated sheets.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • 1. Hotała E. Aniszczyk A.: Prototype silo structure with flaccid shell for biomass storage (in Polish). Materiały Budowlane 5 (2013) 52–54.

  • 2. EN 1993-4-1 Eurocode 3. Design of Steel Structures. Part 4–1: Silos. Brussels: CEN 2007.

  • 3. Kuczyńska N. Wójcik M. Tejchman J. Effect of bulk solid on strength of cylindrical corrugated silos during filling. Journal of Constructional Steel Research 115 (2015) 1–17 DOI: 10.1016/j.jcsr.2015.08.002

  • 4. Wójcik M. Tejchman J. Buckling analyses of metal cylindrical silos containing bulk solids during filling. Particulate Science and Technology 34 4 (2016) 461–469 DOI: 10.1080/02726351.2016.1185202

  • 5. Tejchman J.; Bauer E.; Wu W. Effect of fabric anisotropy on shear localization in sand during plane strain compression. Acta Mechanica 189 1-2 (2007) 23-51.

  • 6. Kozicki J. Niedostatkiewicz M. Tejchman A. Muhlhaus H. Discrete modelling results of a direct shear test for granular materials versus FE results. Granular Matter 15 5 (2013) 607-627 DOI: 10.1007/s10035-013-0423-y

  • 7. Kozicki J. Tejchman A. Mühlhaus H.-B. Discrete simulations of a triaxial compression test for sand by DEM. International Journal for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics 18 (2014) 1923-1952 DOI: 10.1002/nag.2285

  • 8. Nitka M. Tejchman J. Kozicki J. Lesniewska D. DEM analysis of micro-structural events within granular shear zones under passive earth pressure conditions. Granular Matter 17 3 (2015) 325-343 DOI: 10.1007/s10035-015-0558-0

  • 9. Wójcik M. Härtl J. Ooi J.Y. Rotter J.M. Ding S. Enstad G.G. Experimental investigation of flow pattern and wall pressure distribution in a silo with double-cone insert. Particle&Particle System Characterization 24 4-5 (2007) 296-303 DOI: 10.1002/ppsc.200601120

  • 10. Iwicki P. Wójcik M. Tejchman J. Failure of cylindrical steel silos composed of corrugated sheets and columns and repair methods using a sensitivity analysis. Engineering Failure Analysis 18 (2011) 2064-2083 DOI: /10.1016/j.engfailanal.2011.06.013

  • 11. Mariak A. Miśkiewicz M Meronk B. Pyrzowski Ł. and Wilde K. Reference FEM model for SHM system of cable-stayed bridge in Rzeszów. Advances in Mechanics: Theoretical Computational and Interdisciplinary Issues – Kleiber et al. (Eds) Taylor & Francis Group London (2016) 383–387

  • 12. Miśkiewicz M. Pyrzowski Ł. Chróścielewski J. Wilde K.: Structural Health Monitoring of Composite Shell Footbridge for Its Design Validation. Proceedings 2016 Baltic Geodetic Congress (Geomatics)/ed. Juan E. Guerrero Los Alamitos: IEEE Computer Society Order Number E5972 (2016) 228-233 DOI: 10.1109/BGC.Geomatics.2016.48

  • 13. Wilde K. Miśkiewicz M. Chróścielewski J. SHM System of the Roof Structure of Sports Arena „Olivia”. Structural Health Monitoring II DEStech Publ. Inc. (2013) 1745-1752

  • 14. Janowski A. Szulwic J. Zuk M. 3D modelling of liquid fuels base infrastructure for the purpose of visualization and geometrical analysis. SGEM2015 Conference Proceedings ISBN 978-619-7105-31-5 / ISSN 1314-2704 June 18-24 2015 Book1 Vol. 1 753-764 2015 DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2015/B11/S6.096

  • 15. Janowski A. Nagrodzka-Godycka K. Szulwic J. Ziolkowski P.: Remote sensing and photogrammetry techniques in diagnostics of concrete structures. Computers and Concrete 18 3405-420 DOI: 10.12989/cac.2016.18.3.405

  • 16. Burdziakowski P. Janowski A. Kholodkov A. Matysik K. Matysik M. Przyborski M. Szulwic J. Tysiac P.: Maritime laser scanning as the source for spatial data. Polish Marit. Res. 22 4 9-14 2015 DOI: 10.1515/pomr-2015-0064

  • 17. Wójcik M. Iwicki P. Tejchman J. 3D buckling analysis of a cylindrical metal bin composed of corrugated sheets strengthened by vertical stiffeners. Thin-Walled Struct. 49 (2011) 947-963 DOI:10.1016/j.tws.2011.03.010

  • 18. Sondej M. Iwicki P. Tejchman J. Wójcik M. Critical assessment of Eurocode approach to stability of metal cylindrical silos with corrugated walls and vertical stiffeners. Thin-Walled Structures 95 (2015) 335-346 DOI: 10.1016/j.tws.2015.07.015

  • 19. Sondej M. Iwicki P. Wójcik M. Tejchman J. Stability analyses of a cylindrical steel silo with corrugated sheets and columns. Steel and Composite Structures 20 1 (2016) 147-166 DOI : 10.12989/scs.2016.20.1.147

  • 20. Iwicki P. Tejchman A. Chróścielewski J.: Dynamic FE simulations of buckling process in thin-walled cylindrical metal silos. Thin-Walled Structures 84 (2014) 344-359 DOI: 10.1016/j.tws.2014.07.011

  • 21. Wójcik M. Tejchman J. Simulation of buckling process of cylindrical metal silos with flat sheets containing bulk solids. Thin-Walled Structures 93 (2015) 122-136 DOI: 10.1016/j.tws.2015.02.025

  • 22. Tejchman J. Wójcik M.: Modeling of shear localization during confined granular flow in silos within non-local hypoplasticity. Powder Technology 192 3 (2009) 298-310 DOI: 10.1016/j.powtec.2009.01.021

  • 23. Tejchman J. Niemunis A.: FE-studies on shear localization in an anisotropic micro-polar hypoplastic granular material. Granular Matter 8 3-4 (2006) DOI: 10.1007/s10035-006-0009-z

  • 24. Tejchman J. Wu W.: Non-coaxiality and stress-dilatancy rule in granular materials: FE investigation within micro-polar hypoplasticity International Journal for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics 33 1 (2009) 117-142

  • 25. Bielewicz E Górski J.: Shells with random geometric imperfections simulation-based approach. International Journal of Non-Linear Mechanics 37 4–5 (2002) 777–784 DOI: 10.1016/S0020-7462(01)00098-1

  • 26. Górski J. Mikulski T. Oziębło M. Winkelmann K.: Effect of geometric imperfections on aluminum silo capacities Stahlbau 84 1 (2015) 52-57 DOI: 10.1002/stab.201510224

  • 27. EN 1991-4 Eurocode 1: Actions on Structures. Part 4: Silos and Tanks. General Principles and Actions for the Structural Design of Tanks and Silos 2009.

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor

IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 1.214
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.086

CiteScore 2018: 1.48

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.391
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 1.141

Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 75 75 3
PDF Downloads 74 74 1