The implementation of EU law by national administrations: Executive federalism and the principle of sincere cooperation

Abstract

This paper explores the similarities between the EU’s system of administrative implementation of its legislative acts, and the German and American systems of administrative implementation of their respective federal laws. The article will also study the connection between the principle of sincere cooperation, established in the EU Treaties, and equivalent principles which exist in federal legal orders, namely the “Bundestreue” principle. The EU system appears to be closer to the German model of federalism than the US. Despite the federal inspiration, one cannot say that the principle of sincere cooperation is a federalising influence on the EU.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • · Bignami Francesca, 1999, ‘The Democratic Deficit in European Community Rulemaking: A Call for Notice and Comment in Comitology’, Harvard International Law Journal, XL(2): 451-515.

  • · Blanquet Marc, 1994, L’article 5 du traité C.E.E: Recherche sur les obligations de fidélité des états membres de la communauté, LGDJ, Paris.

  • · von Bogdandy Armin, 2009, ‘Founding principles’, in von Bogdandy Armin and Bast Jürgen (eds), Principles of European Constitutional Law, 2nd ed., Hart Publisher, Oxford, 11-55

  • · von Bogdandy Armin, ‘Art. 10 EGV’, in Grabitz Eberhard, Hilf Meinhard and Nettesheim Martin (eds), Das Recht der Europäischen Union, C.H. Beck, München, nº 1-25.

  • · Cassese Sabino, 1991, ‘Il sistema amministrativo europeo e la sua evoluzione’, Rivista trimestrale di diritto pubblico, XLI(3): 769-774.

  • · Cassese Sabino, 1997, ‘Diritto Amministrativo Comunitario e Diritti Amministrativi nazionali’, in Chiti Mario P. and Greco Guido (eds), Trattato di Diritto Amministrativo Europeo, Giuffrè, Milano, 1 ss.

  • · Cassese Sabino, 2002, ‘La signoria comunitaria sul diritto amministrativo’, Rivista italiana di diritto pubblico comunitario, XII(2-3): 291-301.

  • · Cassese Sabino, 2004a, ‘European Administrative Proceedings’, Law & Contemporary Problems, LXVIII: 21-36.

  • · Cassese Sabino, 2004b, ‘Il procedimento amministrativo europeo’, in Bignami Francesca and Cassese Sabino (eds), Il Procedimento Amministrativo nel Diritto Europeo, Giuffrè, Milano, 31-52.

  • · Cassese Sabino, 2006, La Globalización jurídica, Marcial Pons, Madrid.

  • · Chiti Mario P., 2011, Diritto amministrativo europeo, 4th ed., Guiffrè, Milano.

  • · Constantinesco Vlad, 1987, ‘L’article 5 CEE, de la bonne foi à la loyauté communautaire’, in Capotorti Francesco et al. (eds), Du Droit Internationale au Droit de l’Intégration: Liber Amicorum Pierre Pescatore, Nomos, Baden-Baden, 97-114.

  • · Craig Paul, 1997, ‘Directives: Direct Effect, Indirect Effect and the Construction of National Legislation’, European Law Review, XXII: 519-538.

  • · Craig Paul, 2006, EU Administrative Law, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

  • · D’Atena Antonio, 2005, ‘Modelos federales y subsidiariedad en el reparto de las competencias normativas entre Unión Europea y estados miembros’, Revista de Derecho Constitucional Europeo, 3: 195-212.

  • · Dann Philipp, 2004, Parlamente im Exekutivföderalismus, Springer, Berlin Heidelberg.

  • · von Danwitz Thomas, 2008, Europäisches Verwaltungsrecht, Springer, Berlin Heidelberg.

  • · De Lucia Luca, 2012, ‘Administrative Pluralism, Horizontal Cooperation and Transnational Administrative Act’, Review of European Administrative Law, V(2): 17-45.

  • · De Witte Bruno, 1995, ‘Interpreting the EC Treaty like a Constitution: the role of the European Court of Justice in comparative perspective’, in Bakker R.C.L. et al. (eds), Judicial control: comparative essays on judicial review, Maklu, Antwerp, 133-152.

  • · De Witte Bruno, 2000, ‘The role of institutional principles in the judicial development of the European Union legal order’, in Snyder Francis (ed), The Europeanisation of Law - The Legal Effects of European Integration, Hart, Oxford, 83-101.

  • · della Cananea Giacinto, 2007, ‘Il diritto amministrativo europeo e i suoi principi fondamentale’, in Chiti Mario P. and Greco Guido (eds), Trattato di diritto amministrativo europeo. Parte generale, Giuffrè, Milano, 1-63.

  • · Estella de Noriega Antonio, 2000, ‘La Administración Pública Comunitaria’, in Parejo Alfonso Luis and Pérez Gorostegui E. (eds), Manual de Derecho Comunitario, Editorial Universitaria Ramón Areces, Madrid, 95-144.

  • · Feige Konrad, 1973, Der Gleichheitssatz im Recht der EWG, Mohr, Tübingen.

  • · Franchini Claudio, 2004, ‘European principles governing national administrative proceedings’, Law & Contemporary Problems, LIVIII: 183-196.

  • · González-Varas Ibáñez Santiago, 2012, Tratado de Derecho Administrativo - El Derecho Administrativo Europeo, II, 2nd ed., Civitas/Thomson Reuters, Navarra.

  • · Grodzins Morton, 1966, The American System: A New View of the Government of the United States, Transaction Publishers, New Brunswick and London.

  • · Häberle Peter, 1978, ‘Der kooperative Verfassungsstaat’, in Kaulbach Friederich and Krawietz Werner (eds), Festschrift für Helmut Schelsky, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, 141-177.

  • · Haibach Georg, 2000, ‘The History of Comitology’, in Andenas Mads and Türk Alexander (eds), Delegated Legislation and the Role of Committees in the EC, Kluwer Law International, The Hague, 181-216,

  • · Hatje Armin, 2012, ‘Art. 10 EGV’, in Schwarze Jürgen et al. (eds), EU-Kommentar, 3rd ed., Nomos, Baden-Baden.

  • · Hildebrandt Achim and Wolf Frieder, 2008, ‘Die Potenziale des Bundesländervergleichs’, in Hildebrandt and Wolf (eds), Die Politik der Bundesländer: Staatstätigkeit im Vergleich, VS Verlag, Wiesbaden, 11-21.

  • · Hirschman Albert, 1972, Exit, Voice And Loyalty Responses to Decline in Firms, Organizations, and States, Harvard University Press, Cambridge.

  • · Hofmann Herwig C.H., Rowe Alexander H. and Türk Alexander H., 2011, Administrative Law and Policy of the European Union, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

  • · Jarass Hans D., 1994, Grundfragen der innerstaatlichen Bedeutung des EG-Rechts, C. Heymann, Köln.

  • · Kadelbach Stephan, 1999, Allgemeines Verwaltungsrecht unter Europäischem Einfluß, Mohr, Tübingen.

  • · Kadelbach Stephan, 2002, ‘European Administrative Law and the Law of a Europeanized Administration’, in Joerges Christian and Dehousse Renaud (eds), Good Governance in Europe’s Integrated Market, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 167-207.

  • · Kahl W., 2002, ‘Art. 10’, in Calliess Christoph and Ruffert Mathias (eds), Kommentar zu EU-Vertrag und EG-Vertrag, 2nd ed., Luchterhand Verlag, München, 365-398.

  • · Keessen Andrea M., European administrative decisions. How the EU regulates products on the internal market, Europa Law Publishing, Amsterdam

  • · Klamert Marcus, 2013, The Principle of Loyalty in EU Law, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

  • · Koopmans Thijmen, 1991, ‘The birth of European Law at the crossroads of legal traditions’, American Journal of Comparative Law, XXXIX: 493-507

  • · Lang J. Temple, 1986, ‘Article 5 of the EEC Treaty: The Emergence of Constitutional Principles in the Case Law of the Court of Justice’, Fordham International Law Journal, X(3): 503-537

  • · Lang J. Temple, 2003, ‘Developments, Issues, and New Remedies - The Duties of National Authorities and Courts under Article 10 of the EC Treaty’, Fordham International Law Journal, XXVII(6): 1904-1939.

  • · Lang J. Temple, 2007, ‘The Development by the Court of Justice of the Duties of Cooperation of National Authorities and Community Institutions Under Article 10 EC’, Fordham International Law Journal, XXXI(5): 1483-1532.

  • · Laufer Heinz and Münch Ursula, 1998, Das föderative System der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Vs Verlag, Wiesbaden.

  • · Lenaerts Koen and Van Nuffel Piet, 2005, Constitutional Law of the European Union, Thomson/Sweet & Maxwell, London.

  • · Lück Michael, 1992, Die Gemeinschaftstreue als allgemeines Rechtsprinzip im Recht der Europäischen Gemeinschaft, Nomos, Baden-Baden, · Maduro Miguel Poiares, 2006, A Constituição Plural. Constitucionalismo e União Europeia, Principia, Lisboa.

  • · Martín Delgado Isaac, 2010, ‘Hacia una norma europea de procedimento administrativo’, in Nieto Garrido Eva and Martín Delgado Isaac (eds), Derecho administrativo europeo en el Tratado de Lisboa, Marcial Pons, Madrid, 149-197.

  • · Moreno Molina Álvaro M., 1998, La ejecución administrativa del Derecho Comunitario - Régimen europeo y español, Marcial Pons, Madrid.

  • · Moreno Molina Álvaro M., 2000, ‘La Administración Pública de los Estados Miembros como Administración Comunitaria: Referencia a la situación Española’, in Parejo Alfonso Luis and Pérez Gorostegui E. (eds), Manual de Derecho Comunitario, Editorial Universitaria Ramón Areces, Madrid, 145-192.

  • · Parejo Alfonso Luis, 2000, ‘Los Principios Generales del Derecho Administrativo Comunitario’, in Parejo Alfonso Luis and Pérez Gorostegui E. (eds), Manual de Derecho Comunitario, Editorial Universitaria Ramón Areces, Madrid, 39-92.

  • · Pernice Ingolf, 1999, ‘Multilevel Constitutionalism and the Treaty of Amsterdam: European Constitution-Making Revisited’, Common Market Law Review, XXXVI: 703-750.

  • · Ruffert Mathias, 2001, ‘Der transnationale Verwaltungsakt’, Verwaltung, XXXIV: 453-485.

  • · Ruffert Mathias, 2011, ‘European Composite Administration: The transnational administrative act’, in Jansen Oswald and Schöndorf-Haubold B. (eds), The European Composite Administration, Intersentia, Cambridge, 277-306.

  • · Schäfer Günther F., 2000, ‘Linking Member States and European Administrations - The Role of Committees and Comitology’, in Andenas Mads and Türk Alexander (eds), Delegated Legislation and the Role of Committees in the EC, Kluwer Law International, The Hague, 9-11.

  • · Schatz Heribert, Van Ooyen Robert C. and Werthes Sasha, 2000, Wettbewerbsföderalismus. Aufstieg und Fall eines politischen Streitbegriffes, Nomos, Baden-Baden.

  • · Schmidt-Aßmann Eberhard, 1996, ‘Verwaltungskooperation und Verwaltungskooperationsrecht in der Europäischen Gemeinschaft’, Europarecht, XXXI: 270-301.

  • · Schmidt-Aßmann Eberhard, 2002, ‘Europäische Verwaltung zwischen Kooperation und Hierarchie’, in Cremer Hans-Joachim et al. (eds), Tradition und Weltoffenheit des Rechts: Festschrift für Helmut Steinberger, Springer, Berlin and Heidelberg, 1375.

  • · Schütze Robert, 2009, From Dual to Cooperative Federalism - The changing structure of European Law, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

  • · Schütze Robert, 2012, European Constitutional Law, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

  • · Schwarze Jürgen, 2009, Droit administratif européen, 2nd ed., Bruylant, Bruxelles.

  • · Smend Rudolf, 1968, ‘Ungeschriebenes Verfassungsrecht im monarchischen Bundesstaat’, in Staatsrechtliche Abhandlungen, 2nd ed., Mohr, Tübingen, 39-69.

  • · Stern Klaus, 1984, Das Staatsrecht des Bundesrepublik Deutschland, I, 2nd ed., Beck, München.

  • · Sydow Gernot, 2002, ‘Vollzug des europäischen Unionsrechts im Wege der Kooperation nationaler und europäischer Behörden’, Die öffentliche Verwaltung, LII(2): 66.

  • · Tribe Lawrence H., 2000, American Constitutional Law, I, 3rd ed., Foundation Press, Eagan.

  • · Verhoeven Maartje, 2010, ‘The “Costanzo Obligation” and the Principle of National Institutional Autonomy: Supervision as a Bridge to Close the Gap?’, Review of European Administrative Law, III(1): 23-64.

  • · Verhoeven Maartje, 2011, The Costanzo Obligation: The Obligations of National Administrative Authorities in the Case of Incompatibility Between National Law and European Law, Intersentia, Amsterdam.

  • · Volden Craig, 2005, ‘Intergovernmental Political Competition in American Federalism’, American Journal of Political Science, XLIX(2): 327-348.

  • · Vos Ellen, 2000 ‘Reforming the European Commission: What role to play for EU agencies?’, Common Market Law Review, XXXVII: 1113-1134.

  • · Weiler J.H.H., 1991, ‘The Transformation of Europe’, The Yale Law Journal, C(8): 2403-2483.

  • · Widdershoven Rob, 2002, ‘European Administrative Law’, in Seerden René and Stroink F.A.M. (eds), Administrative Law of the European Union, its Member States and the United States - A comparative analysis, Intersentia, Antwerpen, 259-306

  • · Zenthöfer Johcen, 2006, Wettbewerbsföderalismus: zur Reform des deutschen Bundesstaates nach australischem Vorbild, Grasberg, Bremen.

  • · Ziller Jacques, 2007, ‘Introduction: les concepts d'administration directe, d'administration indirecte et de co-administration et les fondements du droit administrative’, in Auby Jean-Bernard and Dutheil de la Rochère Jacqueline (eds), Droit administratif européen, Bruylant, Bruxelles, 235.

  • · Zuleeg Manfred, 2011, ‘The advantages of the European Constitution’, in von Bogdandy Armin and Bast Jürgen (eds), Principles of European Constitutional Law, 2nd ed., Hart Publisher, Oxford, 763-786.

OPEN ACCESS

Journal + Issues

Search