The Composition and Use Value of Tree Biomass Ash

Open access

Abstract

Wood-based ash landfilling is increasing issue not only in Latvia but in the whole world as more biomass is used for energy production. Utilization of wood burning waste as fertilizer is already used worldwide, but there is lack of information about chemical composition of wood ash obtained from Latvia plants, so the aim of this study was to determine chemical composition and analyse possible utilization options of wood-based ash from Latvia plants. Therefore wood ash samples from 53 companies were collected, sieved and chemical composition of samples was determined. It was concluded that within higher capacity of furnace more coarse fraction of wood ash was observed which is less valuable as fertilizer. Wood ash is good liming material consisting alkali compounds and other biogenic elements but also heavy metals, which are pollutants and could cause environmental problems.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • 1. Būmanis K. Krasavcevs I. Liše S. & Stepiņa A. (2012). Monitoring of wood biomass consumption for energy production. Research. Jelgava: MEKA 78 pp.

  • 2. Eijk R. J. Obernberger I. & Supancic K. (2012). Options for increased utilization of ash from biomass combustion and co-firing. Report KEMA Nederland B.V. Arnhem the Netherlands 39 pp.

  • 3. Emilsson S. (2006). From Extraction of Forest Fuels to Ash Recycling. International handbook. Swedish Forest Agency 42 pp.

  • 4. James A. K. Thring R. W. Helle S. & Ghuman H. S. (2012). Ash Management Review—Applications of Biomass Bottom Ash. Energies 5 3856-3873; DOI:10.3390/en5103856.

  • 5. Misra M. K. Ragland K. W. & Baker A. J. (1993). Wood ash composition as a function of furnace temperature. Biomass and Bioenergy Vol. 4 No. 2 103-116.

  • 6. Nunes L.J.R. Matias J.C.O. & Catalão J.P.S. (2016). Biomass combustion systems: A review on the physical and chemical properties of the ashes. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 53 235–242.

  • 7. Omil B. Piñeiro V. & Merino A. (2007). Trace elements in soils and plants in temperate forest plantations subjected to single and multiple applications of mixed wood ash. Science of the Total Environment 381 157–168. DOI:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2007.04.004.

  • 8. Ozolinčius R. Varnagiryte I. Armolaitis K. & Karltun E. (2005). Initial Effects of Wood Ash Fertilization on Soil Needle and Litterfall Chemistry in a Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) Stand. Baltic Forestry 11(2) 59–67.

  • 9. Perkiömäki J. & Fritze H. (2005). Cadmium in upland forests after vitality fertilization with wood ash—a summary of soil microbiological studies into the potential risk of cadmium release. Biol Fertil Soils 41 75–84. DOI: 10.1007/s00374-004-0816-5.

  • 10. Perkiomaki J. Oili K. Mikko M. & Jorma I. (2003). Cadmium-containing wood ash in a pine forest: effects on humus microflora and cadmium concentrations in mushroom berries and needles. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 33 2443-2451. DOI: 10.1139/X03-169.

  • 11. Pitman R. M. (2006). Wood ash use in forestry – a revew of environmental impacts. Forestry 79(5) 563–588. DOI:10.1093/forestry/cpl041.

  • 12. Reimanna C. Ottesena R. T. Anderssona M. Arnoldussenb A. Kollerc F. & Englmaierd P. (2008). Element levels in birch and spruce wood ashes — green energy? Science of the total environment 393 191-197. DOI:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2008.01.015.

  • 13. Saarsalmi A. Mälkönen E. & Piirainen S. (2001). Effects of Wood Ash Fertilization on Forest Soil Chemical Properties. Silva Fennica 35(3) 355–368. Retrieved December 2 2014 from PubMed database on the World Wide Web: http://dx.doi.org/10.14214/sf.590.

  • 14. Saarsalmi A. Smolander A. Moilanen M. & Kukkola M. (2014). Wood ash in boreal low-productive pine stands on upland and peatland sites: Long-term effects on stand growth and soil properties. Forest Ecology and Management 327 86–95. DOI:10.1016/j.foreco.2014.04.031.

  • 15. Saqib N. & Bäckström M. (2014). Trace element partitioning in ashes from boilers firing pure wood or mixtures of solid waste with respect to fuel composition chlorine content and temperature. Waste Management 34 2505–2519.

  • 16. Siddique R. (2012). Utilization of wood ash in concrete manufacturing. Resources Conservation and Recycling 67 27–33.

  • 17. Vanhanen H. Dahl O. & Joensuu S. (2014). Utilization of wood ash as a road construction material - Sustainable use of wood ashes. Sustainable Environment Research 24(6) 457-465.

  • 18. Vassilev S. Baxter D. & Vassileva C. (2013). An overview of the behaviour of biomass during combustion: Part I. Phase-mineral transformations of organic and inorganic matter. Fuel 112 391–449.

Search
Journal information
Cited By
Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 4170 3828 74
PDF Downloads 5048 4732 76