Age and Gender Effects on Motivation and Attitudes in German Learning: The Polish Context

Open access

ABSTRACT

The research investigates the German language learning motivations of Polish secondary school students and university students. Questionnaire data were collected from 247 students (126 from secondary school and 121 from university). The aim of this research was to examine the relationships among language attitudes, instrumental, cultural interest, integrative, L2 self and motivated learning. The results show the existence of age and gender difference in variables under consideration. Relationships were found between age and gender to the motivational attitudes: older and female students had a more integrative attitude than younger and mail students and experienced more intensive motivation.

Ahat, R. (2013). Motivation, gender, and learner performance of English as an L3 in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. English Language Teaching, 6 (9), 158-167.

Brantmeier, C., Callender, A, & McDaniel M. (2013). The role of gender, embedded questions, and domain specific readings with learners of Spanish. Hispania, 96 (3), 562-578

Chavez, M. (2014). Variable beliefs about the need for accuracy in the oral production of German: An exploratory study. International Journal of Applied Linguistics, 24 (1), 97-127.

Dörnyei, Z. (2005). The Psychology of the Language Learner Individual Differences in Second Language Acquisition. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Dörnyei, Z. (2009). The L2 Motivational Self System. In Z. Dörnyei & E. Ushioda (Eds.), Motivation, Language Identity and the L2 Self (pp. 9-42). Bristol: Multilingual Matters.

Dörnyei, Z., Csizér, K., & Németh, N. (2006). Motivation, Language Attitudes and Globalisation: A Hungarian Perspective. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.

Gardner, R.C. (1985). Social Psychology and Second-Language Learning: The Role of Attitudes and Motivation. London: Arnold.

Gardner, R.C. (2001). Integrative motivation and second language acquisition. In Z. Dörnyei & R. Schmidt (Eds.), Motivation and second language acquisition (pp. 1-20). Honolulu, HI: University of Hawaii Press.

Gardner, R.C. (2004). Attitude/Motivation Test Battery: International AMTB Research Project. Retrieved 5.06.2010 from: http://publish.uwo.ca/~gardner/docs/englishamtb.pdf Gardner, R.C. (2006). The socio-educational model of second language acquisition: A research paradigm. In S.H. Foster-Cohen, M. Medved Krajnović, & J. Mihaljević Djigunović (Eds.), EUROSLA Yearbook. Volume 6 (pp. 237-260). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Gardner, R.C. (2007). Motivation and second language acquisition. Porta Linguarum, 8, 9-20.

Gardner, R.C. (2010). Motivation and Second Language Acquisition. The Socio- Educational Model. New York: Peter Lang.

Henry, A. (2009). Gender differences in compulsory school pupils’ L2 self-concepts: A longitudinal study. System, 37 (2), 177-193.

Kim, Y.-K. & Kim, T.-Y. (2011). Gender differences in Korean secondary school students’ learning styles and L2 motivation. Foreign Languages Education, 18 (2), 51-71.

Kissau, S.P. (2006). Gender differences in motivation to learn French. Canadian Modern Language Review, 62 (3), 401-422.

Kissau, S.P., Kolano, L.Q, & Wang, C. (2010). Perceptions of gender differences in high school students’ motivation to learn Spanish. Foreign Language Annals, 43 (4), 703-721.

Kormos, J. & Csizér, K. (2008). Age-related differences in the motivation of learning English as a foreign language: Attitudes, selves, and motivated learning behavior. Language Learning, 58 (2), 327-355.

Okuniewska, E., Okuniewska, H., & Okuniewski, J.E. (2010). Motivation and attitudes of Polish students learning Hebrew. Psychology of Language and Communication, 14 (2), 71-79.

Öztürk, G. & Gürbüz, N. (2013). The impact of gender on foreign language speaking anxiety and motivation. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 70, 654-665.

Polat, N. (2011). Gender differences in motivation and L2 accent attainment: An investigation of young Kurdish learners of Turkish. Language Learning Journal, 39 (1), 19-41.

Williams, M., Burden, R., & Lanvers, U. (2002). ‘French is the Language of Love and Stuff’: student perceptions of issues related to motivation in learning a foreign language. British Educational Research Journal, 28 (4), 503-528.

Xu, W. & Case, R.E. (in press). Age-related differences in motivation in learning English among Mainland Chinese students. International Journal of Applied Linguistic.

Journal Information


CiteScore 2017: 0.34

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.144
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.359

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 179 179 27
PDF Downloads 60 60 8