Adaptation of The Western Aphasia Battery in Bangla

Open access


Aphasia following an acquired neurological insult necessitates an in-depth evaluation of the primary and secondary language symptoms. Of all the tools available for aphasia diagnosis, the Western Aphasia Battery (WAB; Kertesz, 1982) has proved to be one of the most comprehensive test batteries for describing the aphasia symptom complex. Several authors have pointed out the need for language-specific tools for the assessment of aphasia. But in Bengali, the most prevalent language in eastern India, no formal language assessment tool was available to date. The present study adapted the original WAB in Bengali to give the Bengali WAB (B-WAB). The study was completed in three phases: development, standardization and validation of the B-WAB. The test material was developed preserving the total number of items, however minor changes were made wherever necessary so that it matched the sociolinguistic norms in this part of the country. It was standardized in a group of 150 normal individuals in five different age groups ranging from 18-70 years, and normative values were provided for each subtest for each group. For establishing validity, it was administered to 30 aphasic subjects and the results indicated that the B-WAB was a valid tool for testing individuals with aphasia.

Anastasi, A. & Urbina, S. (1997). Psychological Testing (7th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Barr, R.A. & Giambra, L.M. (1990). Age-related decrement in auditory selective attention. Psychology and Aging, 5 (4), 597-599.

Benton, A.L., Eslinger, P.J., & Damasio, A.R. (1981). Normative observations on neuropsychological test performances in old age. Journal of Clinical Neuropsychology, 3 (1), 33-42.

Brislin, R.W. (1970). Back-translation for cross-cultural research. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 1, 185-216.

Bromley, D.B. (1991). Aspects of written language production over adult life. Psychology & Aging, 6 (2), 296-308.

Byng, S., Kay, J., Edmundson, A., & Scott, C. (1990). Aphasia tests reconsidered. Aphasiology, 4, 67-92.

Chapey, R. (1994). Introduction to language intervention strategies in adult aphasia. In R. Chapey (Ed.), Language Intervention Strategies in Adult Aphasia (pp. 3-26). Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins.

Chengappa, S.K. & Kumar, R. (2008). Normative & clinical data on the Kannada version of Western Aphasia Battery (WAB-K). Language in India, 8. Retrieved from

Goodglass, H. & Kaplan, E. (1972). The Assessment of Aphasia and Related Disorders. Philadelphia, PA: Lea & Febiger.

Goodglass, H. & Kaplan, E. (1983). The Boston Diagnostic Aphasia Examination. Philadelphia, PA: Lea & Febiger.

Jenny, E.P. (1992). A Test of Aphasia in Malayalam. Unpublished master’s dissertation, University of Mysore, India.

Kasher, A., Batori, G., Soroker, N., Graves, D., & Zaidel, E. (1999). Effects of rightand left-hemisphere damage on understanding conversational implicatures. Brain and Language, 68 (3), 566-590.

Kertesz, A. (1976). Classification of aphasic phenomena. Canadian Journal ofNeurological Science, 3, 135-139.

Kertesz, A. (1982). Western Aphasia Battery. Orlando, FL: Grune & Stratton.

Kertesz, A. & Phipps, J. (1977). Numerical taxonomy of aphasia. Brain and Language, 4, 1-10.

Kertesz, A. & Phipps, J. (1980). The numerical taxonomy of acute and chronic aphasia syndromes. Psychological Research, 41, 179-198.

Kim, H. & Na, D.L. (1999). Normative data on the Korean version of the Boston Naming Test. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 21 (1), 127-133.

Kim, H. & Na, D.L. (2004). Normative data on the Korean version of the Western Aphasia Battery. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 26 (8), 1011-1020.

LaPointe, L. (2005). Aphasia and Related Neurogenic Language Disorders. Boston, MA: Thieme.

Lomas, J. & Kertesz, A. (1978). Patterns of spontaneous recovery in aphasic groups: A study of adult stroke patients. Brain and Language, 5, 388-401.

Manly, J.J., Jacobs, D.M., Sano, M., Bell, K., Merchant, C.A., Small, S.A., & Stern, Y. (1999). Effect of literacy on neuropsychological test performance in nondemented, education-matched elders. Journal of the International NeuropsychologicalSociety, 5, (3), 191-202.

McNeil, M.R. & Copland, D.A. (2011). Aphasia theory, models, and classification. In L.L. LaPointe (Ed.), Aphasia and Related Neurogenic Language Disorders (pp. 27-47). New York: Theme Medical.

Murray, L.L. & Chapey, R. (2001). Assessment of language disorders in adults. In R. Chapey (Ed.), Language Intervention Strategies in Adult Aphasia andRelated Neurogenic Communication Disorder (pp. 55-126). Baltimore, MD: Williams and Wilkins.

Pallavi, M. (2010). Development of Western Aphasia Battery in Telugu. Unpublished master dissertation, University of Mysore, India.

Porch, B.E. (1981). Porch Index of Communicative Ability. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press.

Rodríguez-Aranda, C. (2003). Reduced writing and reading speed and age-related changes in verbal fluency tasks. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 17 (2), 203-215.

Sarno, M.T. (2002). Aphasia. In V.S. Ramachandran (Ed.), Encyclopedia of the HumanBrain. Volume 1 (pp. 181-192). Academic Press: San Diego.

Schuell, H. (1972). The Minnesota Test for Differential Diagnosis of Aphasia. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Thompson, H.R. (2006). Bengali. In K. Brown & S. Ogilvie (Eds.), Concise Encyclopaediaof Languages of the World (pp. 148-150). Oxford: Elsevier.

WAB Aphasia Test Construction Committee (1986). The Japanese Version of theWestern Aphasia Battery. Tokyo: Igaku-Shoin.

Zaidel, E., Kasher, A., Soroker, N., Batori, G., Giora, R., & Graves, D. (2000). Hemispheric contributions to pragmatics. Brain and Cognition, 43 (1/3), 438-443.

Journal Information

CiteScore 2017: 0.34

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.144
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.359

Cited By


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 259 259 48
PDF Downloads 96 96 19