The genetic stability of ORF1a encoding non-structural proteins nsp1, nsp2, nsp3 and nsp4 of equine arteritis virus (EAV) has been analysed for nearly seven years in a persistently infected stallion of the Malopolska breed. Between November 2004 and June 2011, 11 semen samples were collected. Viral RNA extracted from semen of this carrier stallion was amplified, sequenced and compared with the sequences of the other known strains of EAV. Sequence analysis of ORF1a showed 84 synonymous and 16 non-synonymous mutations. The most variable part of ORF1a was the region encoding nsp2 protein with 13 non-synonymous substitutions. The degree of amino acid identity between isolates ranged from 98.91 to 100%. Only single non-synonymous mutations were detected in nsp1 (one substitution) and nsp4 (two substitutions). The most stable was nsp3 in which no amino acid substitutions were observed during the whole period of observation.
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