Cryopreservation of canine semen: the effect of two extender variants on the quality and antioxidant properties of spermatozoa

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the effect of two variants of Tris-citric acid-fructose (TCF) extender containing whole hen egg yolk (TCF-HEY) and lyophilized lipoprotein fractions extracted from ostrich egg yolk (TCF-LPFo) on selected biological properties of cryopreserved sperm cells. Post-thaw percentage of motile sperm (MOT) was significantly higher (P<0.05) for TCF-HEY extender (66.3 ± 3.2%) than for TCF-LPFo extender (52.4 ± 3.4%). Moreover, there was no significant difference in the percentage of sperm with progressive motility (PMOT). Both diluents effectively preserved sperm plasma membrane integrity and mitochondrial function. However, it was observed that cryopreservation impaired the functionality of antioxidant sperm enzymes. The above was manifested by reduced SOD activity, in particular in samples preserved in the TCF-HEY extender, as well as decreased GPx activity. Both diluents inhibited the rate of lipid peroxidation in sperm plasma membrane during freezing-thawing. Our results suggest that LPFo is a satisfactory alternative to hen egg yolk in the extender used for canine sperm cryopreservation.

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Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences

The Journal of Committee of Veterinary Sciences of Polish Academy of Sciences and University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn

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