Tetrodotoxin induced changes in the chemical coding of dorsal root ganglion neurons supplying the porcine urinary bladder
Tetrodotoxin (TTX) mode of action is based on a blocking of fast sodium channels in nerve cell membrane what, in turn, abolishes the propagation of the action potential along the nerve fibers. TTX is currently used in experimental therapies focused on neoplastic or neurogenic pain, however, as for now there is no data concerning the influence of TTX on dorsal root ganglion (DRG) sensory neurons function. Thus, the present study was aimed at characterization of neurochemical coding of porcine sensory bladder-projecting cells after bladder instillation with TTX. Retrograde tracer Fast Blue (FB) was injected into the urinary bladder wall of six juvenile female pigs and three weeks later bladder instillation with TTX (12 μg per animal) was carried out in all animals. A week later, DRGs of interest were harvested from all animals and the neurochemical characterization of FB+ neurons was performed using routine double-immunofluorescence labeling technique on 10-μm-thick cryostat sections. In TTX-treated animals the number of FB+ cells containing galanin (GAL), nitric oxide synthase (NOS), somatostatin (SOM) and calbindin (CB) was 2.5%, 2%, 0.25% and 0.2%, respectively and that of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP)-immunoreactive (IR) cells was 43%. These data when compared with previous reports, demonstrated that TTX profoundly changed the chemical coding of porcine bladder-projecting sensory neurons thus implicating that it may be used in case of hypoactivity of afferent part of reflex arc responsible for transmission of sensory information from the urinary bladder.
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