The impact of cow nutrition in the dry period on colostrum quality and immune status of calves

Open access

The impact of cow nutrition in the dry period on colostrum quality and immune status of calves

The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of energy contents in a dry period diets in "7+1" feeding strategy of dry cow including 7 weeks of the dry period (far-off) and 1 week of a close-up period, on colostrum quality and the immune status of calves. Forty Holstein multiparous cows were dried at 56d before the expected date of calving and were assigned to the higher energy diet group (HE; 0.69 UFL/kg DM, NDF 52% DM), or the lower energy diet group (LE; 0.61 UFL/1kg DM, NDF 56% DM). From -7d to the expected calving date up to 21 d of lactation, all cows were fed the same fresh, lactation diet. Samples of colostrum were collected within 2h after parturition and its density, dry matter content and concentrations of immunoglobulins, fat, protein, lactose, urea and somatic cell counts were measured. Calves were weighed 2 h after calving and on the 21d of life. On 3d and 21d of calves' life blood samples were collected and the concentration of IgG, IgA, IgM, insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) as well as total protein and albumin concentrations were determined. Treatments had no significant effect on composition of colostrum and serum immunoglobulins and IGF-1 concentration. In both groups the weight of calves at birth was similar, still daily body weight gain during 21 day of rearing period in HE group was higher than in the LE group (P=0.05).

Beever DE (2006) The impact of controlled nutrition during the dry period on dairy cow health, fertility and performance. Anim Reprod Sci 96: 212-226.

Brickell JS, McGowan MM, Wathes DC (2009) Effect of management factors and blood metabolites during the rearing period on growth in dairy heifers on UK farms. Domest Anim Endocrinol 36: 67-81.

Burton JH, Hosein AA, Grieve DG, Wilkie BN (1984) Immunoglobulin absorption in calves as influenced by dietary protein intakes of their dams. Can J Anim Sci 64: 185-186.

Davis CL, Drackley JK (1998) The development, nutrition, and management of the young calf. 1st ed., Iowa State University Press, Ames.

Dann HM, Litherland NB, Underwood JP, Bionaz M, D'Angelo A, McFadden JW Drackley JK (2006) Diets during far-off and close-up dry periods affect periparturient metabolism and lactation in multiparous cows. J Dairy Sci 89: 3563-3577.

De Feu MA, Evans AC, Lonergan P, Butler ST (2009) The effect of dry period duration and dietary energy density on milk production, bioenergetic status, and postpartum ovarian function in Holstein-Friesian dairy cows. J Dairy Sci 92: 6011-6022.

Dorshkind K, Horseman ND (2001) Anterior pituitary hormones, stress, and immune system homeostasis. Bioessays 23: 288-294.

Drackley JK (1999) Biology of dairy cows during the transition period: the final frontier? J Dairy Sci 82: 2259 - 2273.

Godden SM, Haines DM, Konkol K, Peterson J (2009) Improving passive transfer of immunoglobulins in calves. II: interaction between feeding method and volume of colostrum fed. J Dairy Sci 92: 1758-1764.

Goff JP (2006) Major advances in our understanding of nutritional influences on bovine health. J Dairy Sci 89: 1292-1301.

Halliday R, Russel AJ, Williams MR, Peart JN (1978) Effects of energy intake during late pregnancy and of genotype on immunoglobulin transfer to calves in suckler herds. Res Vet Sci 24: 26-31.

Hammon H, Blum JW (1997) The somatotropic axis in neonatal calves can be modulated by nutrition, growth hormone, and Long-R3-IGF-I. Am J Physiol 273: E130-E138.

Hayirli A, Grummer RR, Nordheim EV, Crump PM (2002) Animal and dietary factors affecting feed intake during the prefresh transition period in Holsteins. J Dairy Sci 85: 3430-3443.

Hough RL, McCarthy FD, Kent HD, Eversole DE, Wahlberg ML (1990) Influence of nutritional restriction during late gestation on production measures and passive immunity in beef cattle. J Anim Sci 68: 2622-2627.

Lake SL, Scholljedegerdes EJ, Small WT, Belden EL, Paisley SI, Rule DC, Hess BW (2006) Immune response and serum immunoglobulin G concentrations in beef calves suckling cows differing body condition at parturition and supplemented with high-linoleate or high-oleate safflower seeds. J Anim Sci 84: 997-1003.

Olson DP, Bull RC, Woodward LF, Kelley KW (1981) Effects of maternal nutritional restriction and cold stress on young calves: absorption of colostral immunoglobulins. Am J Vet Res 42: 876-880.

Pagano GT, Lazzaroni C, Pagano PG, Galeazzi D, Biagini D (2001) A study on muscular hypertrophy in cattle: serum concentrations of IGF-1, cortisol, insulin, and testosterone. Livest Prod Sci 70: 235-239.

Quigley JD III, Drewry JJ (1998) Nutrient and immunity transfer from cow to calf pre- and postcalving. J Dairy Sci 81: 2779-2790.

SAS Institute (2004) SAS/STAT User's Guide. Version 9.1. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC.

Silva-del-Rio N, Fricke PM, Grummer RR (2010) Effects of twin pregnancy and dry period feeding strategy on milk production, energy balance, andmetabolic profiles in dairy cows. J Anim Sci 88: 1048-1060

Sparks AL, Kirkpatrick JG, Chamberlain CS, Waldner D, Spicer LJ (2003) Insulin like growth factor-1 and its binding proteins in colostrum compared to measures in serum of Holstein neonates. J Dairy Sci 86: 2022-2029.

Taylor VJ, Beever DE, Bryant MJ, Wathes DC (2004) First lactation ovarian function in dairy heifers in relation to prepubertal metabolic profiles. J Endocrinol 180: 63-75.

Winkelman LA, Elsasser TH, Reynolds CK (2008) Limit-feeding a high-energy diet to meet energy requirements in the dry period alters plasma metabolite concentrations but does not affect intake or milk production in early lactation. J Dairy Sci 91: 1067-1079.

Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences

The Journal of Committee of Veterinary Sciences of Polish Academy of Sciences and University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn

Journal Information

IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 0.697
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.773

CiteScore 2016: 0.73

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.315
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.486

Cited By


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 303 303 32
PDF Downloads 133 133 14