KINETIC AND KINEMATIC CHARACTERISTICS AS THE BASIS FOR EVALUATING TAKE-OFF IN BACKWARD ACROBATIC JUMPS

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Abstract

Introduction. Some of the most important roles of coaches are organising the technical training for evaluating movement technique and indicating errors as gymnasts perform the elements of this movement. This can only be applied in individual gymnasts [2, 3], and there are gaps in our knowledge about the details of the technique of individual gymnasts. Therefore, due to the structural complexity of acrobatic elements, the evaluation of a technique should precisely locate errors indicated in specific phases of the exercise. Material and methods. In this paper, the results of the atypical back tucked somersault and counter movement jump of one of the participants are reported on. This participant was a 16-year-old female gymnast with a body mass of 51 kg and a height of 156 cm. While coaches use a subjective qualitative analysis of the sporting movement to determine what advice must be given, a sports biomechanics researcher must make use of objective quantitative data. In our study, we have used the multimodular measuring system SMART when studying the structure of the acrobatic jumps, and we conducted a complex analysis of these exercises. Results. These exercise approaches may be used to achieve important training goals. It seems logical, therefore, that physical educators, coaches, and athletes should look to biomechanics for a scientific basis for the analysis of the individual techniques used in sports. As for practical implications, we recommend that coaches and physical education educators carefully monitor the gymnast’s leg joints and avoid extension of the knee and ankle at the counter movement phase during standing acrobatic jumps.

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Index Copernicus: ICV 2018 = 100.00
Ministry of Science and Higher Education: 14 points

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