Introduction. In sports success depends on how well the players are prepared for the match in terms of their technical, tactical and motor skills, as well as their mental attitude. The training process is focused on improving the players' capabilities and eliminating their errors. The aim of the study was to describe the errors made in handball matches taking into account their timing and quantity.
Material and methods. The material consisted of recordings of 50 matches of men's handball held in the EHF Champions League in 2012-2013. The study included 8 teams that took part in the tournament. The following matches were analysed for each team: 4 matches in the knockout stage (2 played at home and 2 away) and 4 in the group stage (2 at home and 2 away). The errors were determined based on EHF regulations.
Results. A difference was found between the errors committed in matches at home and away in the knockout stage. The most errors (35) in this stage of the tournament were made between the 25th and 30th minute, and the fewest (18) between the 30th and 35th minute, in both cases in matches played at home. In the group stage the most errors (36) were made between the 40th and 45th minute away, and the fewest (15) between the 10th and 15th minute at home. In the knockout stage the four teams made a total of 632 errors, including 71 errors made by the winner of the tournament, who committed the smallest number of errors. The smallest number of errors (53) in the group stage were made by HC Metalurg Skopje.
Conclusions. The number of errors made did not have a direct influence on a team's position in the tournament, but the winner made the least errors in the knockout stage. The differences between the numbers of errors made in the knockout stage may indicate that the players were more comfortable when playing at home. The support of fans may be one of the factors which contribute to the fact that players commit fewer errors in this stage of the tournament. The rise in the number of errors made towards the end of the match, on the other hand, is most likely due to an increased level of physical and emotional fatigue, particularly considering the risk of being eliminated from the tournament.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
1. Butler J.L. Baumeister R.F. (1998). The trouble with friendly faces: Skilled performance with a supportive audience. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 75 1213-1230.
2. Sęk H. Cieślak R. (2004). Social Support Stress and Health. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN.
3. Wallace H.M. Baumeister R.F. Vohs K.D. (2005). Audience support and choking under pressure: A home disadvantage? Journal of Sport Sciences 23 429-438.
4. Baumeister R.F. Steinhilber A. (1984). Paradoxical effect of supportive audience on performance under pressure: The home field disadvantage in sport championship. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 47 85-93.
5. Bray S.R. Jones M.V. Owen S. (2002). The influence of competition location on athletes' psychological status. Journal of Social Behavior 25 231-242.
6. Łuszczyńska A. (2012). The psychology of sport and physical activity. Clinical issues. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN.
7. Baumeister R.F. Showers C.J. (1986). A review of paradoxical performance effects: Choking under pressure in sport and mental tests. European Journal of Social Psychology 16 361-383.
8. Nevill A.M. Holder R.L. (1999). Home advantage in sport: An overview of studies in the advantage of playing at home. Sports Medicine 28 221-236.
9. Strauss B. (2002). Social facilitation in motor tasks: a review of research and theory. Psychology of Sport and Exercise 3 237-256.
10. Terry P.C. Walrond N. Carron A.V. (1998). The influence of game location on athletes' psychological states. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 1(1) 29-37.
11. Epting L.K. Riggs K.N. Knowles J.D. Hanky J.J. (2011). Cheers vs. jeers: Effect of audience feedback on individual athletic performance. North American Journal of Psychology 13(2) 299-312.
12. Mc Evan D. Kathleen A. Ginis M. Bray S.R. (2012). “With the Game on His Stick”: The home (dis)advantage in National Hockey League shootouts. Psychology of Sport and Exercise 13 578-581.
13. Goumas C. (2013). Home advantage in Australian soccer. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 17(1) 119-123.
14. Kerr J.H. Schaik P. (1995). Effects of game and outcome on psychological mood states in rugby. Personality and Individual Differences 19(3) 407-410.
15. Paterka S. (2001). Handball. Poznań: AWF.
16. Krawczyk P. (2011). KS AZS AWF Biała Podlaska team's offense in the seasons 2008-2009. Master's thesis Biała Podlaska: Wydział Wychowania Fizycznego i Sportu.
17. Lorger M. Prskalo I. Hraski M. (2013). Analyses of the efficiency game in attack and defense at young female handball players during the competition. Trakia Journal of Sciences 3 314-317.
18. Rogulj N. Nazor M. Srhoj V. Bozin D. (2006). Differences between competitively efficient and less efficient junior handball players according to their personality traits. Kinesiology 38(2) 158-163.
19. Royal K.A. Farrow D. Mujika I. Halson S.L. Pyne D. Abernethy B. (2006). The effects of fatigue on decision making and shooting skill performance in water polo players. Journal of Sports Sciences 24(8) 807-815.
20. Bray S.R. Widmeyer W.N. (2000). Athletes' perceptions of the home advantage: An investigation of perceived causal factors. Journal of Sport Behavior 23(1) 1-10.
21. Campos F.A.D. Stanganelli L.C.R. Campos L.C.B. Pasquarelli B.N. Gomez M.A. (2014). Performance indicators analysis at Brazilian and Italian women's volleyball leagues according to game location game outcome and set number. Perceptual & Motor Skills 118(2) 347-361.