Effect of Elicitors as Stimulating Substances on Sensory Quality Traits in Color Sweet Bell Pepper (Capsicum annuum L. cv. Fascinato and Orangela) Grown under Greenhouse Conditions

Open access

Abstract

The effect of the application of salicylic acid (SA) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) was evaluated on sensory quality traits of two commercial sweet bell pepper varieties, Fascinato and Orangela, by descriptive sensory evaluation, principal component analysis (PCA), and Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA). A sensory descriptive lexicon was established for the sweet pepper and an intensity score was assigned for 25 sensory attributes in all the samples. Such intensity score was performed by twelve trained panelists. Among the results it was shown that foliar application of elicitors to pepper crop produced significant differences in sensory traits of the harvested fruits. MANOVA allowed detecting differences in aroma profile among treatments and varieties, showing important changes depending on the combination of elicitors applied on each variety. The principal component analysis (PCA), showed that the PC1 explained 81.02%, while PC2 explained 9.24% of the variance in the results. A strong correlation between varieties and treatments 2 (36 mM H2O2) and 4 (0.1 mM SA and 36 mM H2O2) with PC1 was observed. Treatments 2 and 4 were related to changes in aroma and flavor traits. Fascinato was more susceptible to the effect of elicitor than Orangela. Therefore, elicitor combinations used in this experiment were capable to improve sensory quality of peppers, and not only promote an increase in shelf life as previous studies have shown.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • 1. Bayoumi Y.A. Improvement of postharvest keeping quality of white pepper fruits (Capsicum annuum L.) by hydrogen peroxide treatment under storage conditions. Acta Biol. Szeged. 2008 52 7–15.

  • 2. Berrueta L.A. Alonso-Salces R.M. Héberger K. Supervised pattern recognition in food analysis. J. Chromat. A 2007 1158 196–214.

  • 3. Castro S.M. Saraiva J.A. Lopes-Da-Silva J.A. Delgadillo I. Loey A.V. Smout C. Hendrickx M. Effect of thermal blanching and of high pressure treatments on sweet green and red bell pepper fruits (Capsicum annuum L.). Food Chem. 2008 107 1436–1449.

  • 4. Dat J. Vandenabeele S. Vranová E. Van Montagu M. Inzé D. Van Breusegem F. Dual action of the active oxygen species during plant stress responses. Cell. Mol. Life Sci. 2000 57 779–795.

  • 5. Eggink P. Maliepaard C. Tikunov Y. Haanstra J. Bovy A. Visser R. A taste of sweet pepper: Volatile and non-volatile chemical composition of fresh sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) in relation to sensory evaluation of taste. Food Chem. 2012 132 301–310.

  • 6. Elwan M. El-Hamahmy M. Improved productivity and quality associated with salicylic acid application in greenhouse pepper. Sci. Hortic. 2009 122 521–526.

  • 7. Garruti D.D.S. Pinto N.D.O.F. Alves V.C.C. Penha M.F.A.D. Tobaruela E.D.C. Araújo Í.M.D.S. Volatile profile and sensory quality of new varieties of capsicum Chinense pepper. Food Sci. Technol. (Campinas) 2013 33 102–108.

  • 8. Guillén-Casla V. León-González M.E. Pérez-Arribas L.V. Polo-Díez L.M. Direct chiral determination of free amino acid Enantiomers by two-dimensional liquid chromatography: application to control transformations in E-beam irradiated foodstuffs. Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 2010 397 63–75.

  • 9. Guzmán I. Bosland P.W. Sensory properties of Chile pepper heat – and its importance to food quality and cultural preference. Appetite 2017 117 186–190.

  • 10. Holopainen J. Heijari J. Nerg A. Vuorinen M. Kainulainen P. Potential for the use of exogenous chemical elicitors in disease and insect pest management of conifer seedling production. Open Forest Sci. J. 2009 2 17–24.

  • 11. Ilić Z.S. Šunić L. Fallik E. Quality evaluation and antioxidant activity of mini sweet pepper cultivars during storage in modified atmosphere packaging (MAP). Romanian Biotechnol. Lett. 2017 22 12214–12223.

  • 12. Jacxsens L. Devlieghere F. Debevere J. Temperature dependence of shelf-life as affected by microbial proliferation and sensory quality of equilibrium modified atmosphere packaged fresh produce. Postharv. Biol. Technol. 2002 26 59–73.

  • 13. Khandaker M.M. Boyce A.N. Osman N. The influence of hydrogen peroxide on the growth development and quality of wax apple (Syzygium Samarangense [Blume] Merrill & Lm Perry Var. Jambu Madu) fruits. Plant Physiol. Biochem. 2012 53 101–110.

  • 14. Lin W.-C. Block G.S. Ehret D.L. The effect of H2O2 application during production on greenhouse pepper shelf life. Am. J. Plant Sci. Biotechnol. 2011 5 101–104.

  • 15. Maalekuu K. Elkind Y. Tuvia-Alkalai S. Fallik E. Shalom Y. The influence of harvest season and cultivar type on several quality traits and quality stability of three commercial sweet bell peppers during the harvest period. Adv. Hortic. Sci. (Rivista dell’ortofloroftutticoltura italiana). 2004 18 1000–1005.

  • 16. Meilgaard M.C. Carr B.T. Civille G.V. Sensory Evaluation Techniques 2006. CRC Press.

  • 17. Nur Aida M. Hairiyah M. Wan Mohd Reza W. Nur Ilida M. Effect of hydrogen peroxide on quality of fresh-cut pineapple stored at 5oC. VII International Pineapple Symposium 2010 902 493–498.

  • 18. Ozaki K. Uchida A. Takabe T. Shinagawa F. Tanaka Y. Takabe T. Hayashi T. Hattori T. Rai A.K. Takabe T. Enrichment of sugar content in melon fruits by hydrogen peroxide treatment. J. Plant Physiol. 2009 166 569–578.

  • 19. Rajalahti T. Kvalheim O.M. Multivariate data analysis in parmaceutics: A tutorial review. Int. J. Pharmaceut. 2011 417 SI 280–290.

  • 20. Raybaudi-Massilia R. Suárez A.I. Arvelo F. Zambrano A. Sojo F. Calderón-Gabaldón M.I. Mosqueda-Melgar J. Cytotoxic antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of red sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum L. Var. Llanerón) extracts: in vitro study. Int. J. Food Stud. 2017 6 222–231.

  • 21. Rodrí Guez-Burruezo A.N. Kollmannsberger H. Gonzalez-Mas M.C. Nitz S. Fernando N. HS-SPME comparative analysis of genotypic diversity in the volatile fraction and aroma-contributing compounds of Capsicum fruits from the Annuum− Chinense−Frutescens complex. J. Agric. Food Chem. 2010 58 4388–4400.

  • 22. Ruiz-García Y. Gómez-Plaza E. Elicitors: A tool for improving fruit phenolic content. Agriculture 2013 3 33–52.

  • 23. Shafiee M. Taghavi T. Babalar M. Addition of salicylic acid to nutrient solution combined with postharvest treatments (hot water salicylic acid and calcium dipping) improved postharvest fruit quality of strawberry. Sci. Hortic. 2010 124 40–45.

  • 24. Simões A.D. Tudela J.A. Allende A. Puschmann R. Gil M.I. Edible coatings containing chitosan and moderate modified atmospheres maintain quality and enhance phytochemicals of carrot sticks. Postharv. Biol. Technol. 2009 51 364–370.

  • 25. Simonne A. Simonne E. Eitenmiller R. Mills H. Green N. Ascorbic acid and provitamin A contents in unusually colored bell peppers (Capsicum annuum L.). J. Food Comp. Anal. 1997 10 299–311.

  • 26. Thakur K. Jyoti K. Kumar S. Gautum S. Improvement of postharvest keeping quality of bell pepper (Capsicum annum L.) fruits treated with different chemicals following cold storage. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. Appl. Sci. 2017 6 7 2462–2475.

  • 27. Thakur M. Sohal B.S. Role of elicitors in inducing resistance in plants against pathogen infection: A review. ISRN Biochem. 2013 2013 art. id. 762412.

  • 28. VanRuth S.M. Roozen J.P. Gas chromatography/sniffing port analysis and sensory evaluation of commercially dried bell peppers (Capsicum annuum) after rehydration. Food Chem. 1994 51 165–170.

  • 29. Vargas M. Albors A. Chiralt A. González-Martínez C. Quality of cold-stored strawberries as affected by chitosan–oleic acid edible coatings. Postharv. Biol. Technol. 2006 41 164–171.

  • 30. Waterhouse A.L. Wine phenolics. Alcohol and Wine in Health and Disease. Book Series. Ann. New York Acad. Sci. 2002 957 21–36.

  • 31. Westad F. Hersleth M. Lea P. Martens H. Variable selection in PCA in sensory descriptive and consumer data. Food Qual. Pref. 2003 14 463–472.

  • 32. Zhao J. Davis L.C. Verpoorte R. Elicitor signal transduction leading to production of plant secondary metabolites. Biotechnol. Adv. 2005 23 283–333.

  • 33. Zimmermann M. Schieberle P. Important odorants of dweet bell pepper powder (Capsicum annuum cv. Annuum): Differences between samples of Hungarian and Morrocan origin. Eur. Food Res. Technol. 2000 211 175–180.

Search
Journal information
Impact Factor


IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 1.697
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.760



CiteScore 2018: 1.92

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.621
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.908

Metrics
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 338 260 13
PDF Downloads 208 160 20