Telmatogeton Schiner, 1866 (Chironomidae: Diptera), a newly recorded genus of chironomid larva for the Egyptian Mediterranean Fauna

Khaled Mahmoud Abdelsalam 1
  • 1 National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, , Alexandria, Egypt

Abstract

Sampling of fouling organisms carried out during January 2019 at Al-Max (west of the city of Alexandria) on the Mediterranean coast of Egypt revealed the presence of larval populations belonging to the genus Telmatogeton (Chironomidae), which is reported for the first time from the Mediterranean coast of Egypt. The larvae were found among clumps of fine filamentous green algae (Enteromorpha compressa). A description of the larva with taxonomic remarks and comments on its ecology and geographical distribution are given.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Abdelsalam Kh.M. 2017. The genus Clunio Haliday, 1855 from Egypt (Hurghada, Red Sea) with a description of the larva of Clunio sp.1 (Diptera, Chironomidae, Orthocladiinae). Polish Journal of Entomology, 86 (1): 39–47.

  • Abdelsalam Kh.M. 2019. First record of a larva of the dipteran genus Aphrosylus Haliday, 1851 (Dolichopodidae) from the Egyptian Mediterranean Sea. Polish Journal of Entomology, 88 (1): 79–92.

  • Andersen T., Cranston P.S., Epler J. H. (eds.) 2013. Chironomidae of the Holarctic Region: Keys and Diagnoses. Part 1. Larvae. Insect Systematics and Evolution, Supplement No. 66: 1–571.

  • Archambault P., Snelgrove P.V.R., Fisher J.A.D., Gagnon J.-M., Garbary D.J., Harvey M., Kenchington E.L., Lesage V., Levesque M., Lovejoy C., Mackas D.L., McKindsey C.W., Nelson J.R., Pepin P., Piché L., Poulin M. 2010. From Sea to Sea: Canada’s Three Oceans of Biodiversity. PLoS ONE, 5 (8): e12182.

  • Armitage P.D., Cranston P.S., Pinde L.C.V. 1995. The Chironomidae: Biology and ecology of non-biting midges. Chapman & Hall, Andover.

  • Ashe P., O’Connor J.P. 2012. A World Catalogue of Chironomidae (Diptera). Part 2. Orthocladiinae. Irish Biogeographical Society & National Museum of Ireland, Dublin.

  • Brundin L. 1962. Insects of Macquarie Island. Diptera: Chironomidae. Pacific Insects, 4 (4): 945–954.

  • Cheng L. 1976. Marine insects 1. North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam.

  • Colbo M.H. 1996. Chironomidae from marine coastal environments near St. John’s, Newfoundland, Canada. Hydrobiologia, 318 (1-3): 117–122.

  • Coquillett D.W. 1900. Papers from the Harriman Alaska Expedition. Entomological Results (3): Diptera. Proceedings of the Washington Academy of Sciences, 2: 389–464.

  • Cranston P.S. 1989. The adult males of Telmatogetoninae (Diptera: Chironomidae) of the Holarctic region – Keys and Diagnosis. [in:] T. Weiderholm (ed.), Chironomidae of the Holarctic region – Keys and Diagnosis. Part 3. Adult males. Entomologica Scandinavica, Supplement 34: 17–21.

  • De Jong H., Saether O.A., Spies M. 2007. Fauna Europaea, Chironomidae (Diptera). [in:] Fauna Europaea Ver 1.3. Internet: http://www.faunaeur.org.

  • Deby J. 1889. Description of a new dipterous insect, Psamathiomyia pectinata. Journal of the Royal Microscopical Society, 2: 180–186.

  • Eaton A.E. 1875. Notes on the entomology of Kerguelen’s Island. Entomologist’s Monthly Magazine, 12: 1–2.

  • Edwards F.W. 1931. Chironomidae. [in:] Diptera of Patagonia and South Chile. Part II, fascicle 5. British Museum (Natural History), London, 233-331.

  • Edwards F.W. 1935. Mycetophilidae, Culicidae, and Chironomidae, and additional records of Simuliidae from the Marquesas Islands. Bernice P. Bishop Museum – Bulletin, 114: 85–92.

  • Epler J.H. 2001. Identification manual for the larval Chironomidae (Diptera) of North and South Carolina. St. Johns River Water Management District,. Palatka, FL.

  • Haliday A.H. 1851. Diptera. Empididae. Dolichopodidae. Syrphidae. [in:] F. Walker (ed.). Insecta Britannica, Diptera. Volume 1. (q.v.). Reeve and Benham, London, 1–9, 85–144, 144–221, 234–303.

  • Haliday A.H. 1855. Descriptions of insects figured, and references to plates illustrating the notes on Kerry insects. Natural History Review, 2: 59–64.

  • Hashimoto H. 1973. A New Species of the Marine Chironomid Paraclunio (Diptera) from Southern California. Annotationes Zoologicæ Japonenses, 46: 266–273.

  • Howson C.M., Picton B.E. 1999. The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. CD-ROM edition. Ulster Museum and The Marine Conservation Society, Belfast and Ross-on-Wye.

  • Jacobs J.C. 1900. Diptera. Diagnoses d’insectes recueillis par l’Expédition antarctique Belge. Diptera. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique, 44: 106–107.

  • Kieffer J.J. 1911. Description d’un chironomide d’Amérique formant un genre nouveau. Bulletin de la Société d’Histoire Naturelle de Metz, 27: 103–105.

  • Kieffer J.J. 1914. South African Chironomidae. Annals of the South African Museum, 10: 259–270.

  • Kieffer J.J. 1920. A new genus of chironomid (Diptera) from the Cape. Annual Society of African Museum, 17: 523–525.

  • Kronberg I. 1986. Riesenchromosomen und Artareal einer baltischen Telmatogeton-Art (Diptera: Chironomidae: Telmatogetoninae). Zeitschrift für zoologische Systematik und Evolutionsforschung, 24 (3): 190–197.

  • Langton P.H. 2015. Telmatogeton murrayi (Diptera, Chironomidae) new to Ireland. Dipterists Digest, 22 (1): 16.

  • Langton P.H., Hancock E.G. 2013. Telmatogeton murrayi Sæther and T. japonicas Tokunaga (Diptera, Chironomidae) new to Britain. Dipterists Digest, 20 (2): 157–160.

  • Langton P.H., Visser H. 2003. Chironomidae Exuviae. A key to pupal exuviae of the West Palaearctic Region. ETI University of Amsterdam World Biodiversity Database CD-ROM series.

  • Leader J.P. 1975. Three new chironomids (Diptera: Chironomidae) from the New Zealand seashore. New Zealand Journal of Zoology, 2 (2): 209–214.

  • Levinton J.S. 2001. Marine biology: function, biodiversity, ecology. 2nd edition. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

  • Moubayed-Breil J., Ashe P. 2012. An updated checklist of the Chironomidae of Corsica with an outline of their altitudinal and geographical distribution (Diptera). Ephemera 13 (1): 13–39.

  • Neumann D. 1976. Adaptations of chironomids to intertidal environments. Annual Review of Entomology, 21: 387–414.

  • Oliveira S.J. de 1950. Sôbre duas novas espécies neotrópicas do gênero Telmatogeton Schiner, 1866 (Diptera, Chironomidae). Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 48: 469–485.

  • Oliveira S.J. de 2000. Contribution to the knowledge of the Brazilian marine chironomids. I. Description of a new species of the genus Telmatogeton Schiner, 1866 (Diptera, Chironomidae, Telmatogetoninae). [in:] O. Hoffrichter (ed.). Late 20th Century research on Chironomidae. An anthology from the 13th International Symposium on Chironomidae, Freiburg, 5-9 September 1997. Shaker Verlag, Aachen, 197–200.

  • Oliver D.R., Dillion M.E., Cranston P.S. 1990. A catalog of the Nearctic Chironomidae. Research Branch, AgriCulture Canada, Ottawa. Publication 1857B. AgricultureCanada, Ottawa.

  • Raunio J., Paasivirta L., Brodin Y. 2009. Marine midge Telmatogeton japonicus Tokunaga (Diptera: Chironomidae) exploiting brackish water in Finland. Aquatic Invasions, 4 (2): 405–408.

  • Remmert H. 1963. Telmatogeton remanei n. sp., eine neue marine Chironomide aus der Kieler Förde. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 171 (5-8): 165–178.

  • Rosenberg D.M., Resh V.H. 1993. Introduction to freshwater biomonitoring and benthic macroinvertebrates. [in:] D.M. Rosenberg, V.H. Resh (eds.). Freshwater biomonitoring and benthic macroinvertebrates. Chapman and Hall, London, 1–9.

  • Rübsaamen E.H. 1906. Diptères. Chironomidae. Expédition Antarctique Belge. Résultats du Voyage du S.Y. Belgica, 1897-1898-1899. Rapports scientifiques, zoologie, Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique 44: 75–85.

  • Sæther O.A. 2000. Phylogeny of the subfamilies of Chironomidae (Diptera). Systematic Entomology, 25 (3): 393–403.

  • Sæther O.A. 2009. Telmatogeton murrayi sp. n. from Iceland and T. japonicus Tokunaga from Madeira (Diptera: Chironomidae). Aquatic insects, 31 (1): 31–44.

  • Sæther O.A., Spies M. 2013. Fauna Europaea: Chironomidae. [in:] T. Pape, P Beuk (eds.). Fauna Europaea: Diptera, version 2.6. Intenret: http://www.faunaeur.org

  • Schiner J.R. 1856. Anmerkungen zu dem im Bande V, pag. 13 dieser Verhandlungen abgedruckten Aufsätze Frauenfeld’s: Beitrag zur Insecten-Geschichte. Verhandlungen des Zoologisch-Botanischen Vereins in Wien, 6 :215–224.

  • Schiner J.R. 1866. Bericht über die von der Weltumseglungsreise der k. Fregatte Novara mitgebrachten Diptera. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 16: 927–934.

  • Sharma M.R., Gupta V. 2014. Morphological Identification of Chironomus Larvae in Jaipur District (Rajasthan) India. International Journal of Scientific Research, 3 (9): 411–413.

  • Strenzke K., Remmert H. 1957. Terrestrische Chironomiden. XVII. Thalassosmittia thalassophila (Bequ. u. Goetgh.). Kieler Meeresforschungen, 13 (2): 263–273.

  • Sublette J.E., Wirth W.W. 1980. The Chironomidae and Ceratopogonidae (Diptera) of New Zealand’s subantarctic islands. New Zealand Journal of Zoology, 7 (3): 299–378.

  • Szadziewski R. 1977. Telmatogeton gedanensis sp. n. (Clunioninae, Chironomidae, Diptera), new marine chironomid from the Polish Baltic Coast. Polish Journal of Entomology, 47 (2): 175–184.

  • Terry F.W. 1913. On a new genus of Hawaiian chironomids. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society, 2: 291–295.

  • Thorp J.H., Covich A.P. (eds.) 2010. Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates. Academic Press, Cambridge, MA.

  • Tokunaga M. 1933. Chironomidae from Japan (Diptera): I. Clunioninae. Philippine Journal of Science, 51 (1): 87–100.

  • Tokunaga M. 1935. Chironomidae from Japan (Diptera) IV. The early stages of a midge, Telmatogeton japonicus Tokunaga. Philippine Journal of Science, 57: 491–511.

  • Usinger R.L. 1957. Marine Insects. Memoirs – Geological Society of America, 67 (1): 1177–1182.

  • Williams F.X. 1944. Biological studies in Hawaiian water-loving insects, Part III. Diptera or Flies. D. Culicidae, Chironomidae, and Ceratopogonidae. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society, 12 (1): 149–180.

  • Wirth W.W. 1947. A review of the Genus Telmatogeton Schiner, with descriptions of three new Hawaiian species (Diptera: Tendipedidae). Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society, 13 (1): 143–195.

  • Wirth W.W. 1949. A revision of the Clunionine midges, with descriptions of a new genus and four new species (Diptera: Tendipedidae). University of California Publications in Entomology, 8 (4): 151-182.

  • Womersley H. 1936. An interesting chironomid, Telmatogeton australicus sp. n. from a South Australian reef. Records of the Australian Museum, 5 (1): 439–443.

OPEN ACCESS

Journal + Issues

Search