Adapting The Survey Of Perceived Organizational Support


The subject of the present study was the Polish adaptation of the Survey of Perceived Organizational Support. The adapted scale demonstrates good psychometric properties, indicating high internal consistency. Construct validity was assessed using measures of job and life satisfaction, and a Work-Family Fit Questionnaire. The results have shown that the adapted scale is strongly positively correlated with felt satisfaction with work, and also demonstrates a positive, although weaker correlation with satisfaction with life. Correlations with the Work-Family Fit demonstrate that perceived organizational support is important for the relationship between professional and family roles when work is the source of influence. The results of the study indicate that the adapted SPOS can be successfully used in Poland.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Allen, T. D., Johnson, R. C., Saboe, K. N., Cho, E., Dumani, S.,& Evans, S. (2012). Dispositional variables and work - family conflict: A meta - analysis. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 80, 17 - 26.

  • Blanch, A.,& Aluja, A. (2009). Work family and personality: A study of work - family conflict. Personality and Individual Differences, 46, 520 - 524.

  • Blau, P. M. (1964). Distinctions between social support concepts, measures and models. American Journal of Community Psychology, 14, 413 - 445.

  • Bradley, J.,& Cartwright, S. (2002). Social support, job stress, health and job satisfaction among nurses in the United Kingdom. International Journal of Stress Management, 9, 163 - 182.

  • Casper, W.J., Martin, J.A., Buffardi, L.C., & Edwins, C. (2002). Work family conflict, perceived organizational support, and organizational commitment among employed mothers. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 7, 99 - 108.

  • Czarnota-Bojarska, J. (2010). Dopasowanie człowiek - organizacja i tożsamość organizacyjna. [Person-Organization Fit and organizational identity] Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Scholar.

  • Diener, E., Emmons, R. A, Larsen, R. J.,& Griffin, S. (1985). The satisfaction with life scale. Journal of Personality Assessment,49, 71 - 75.

  • Dixon, M.A. & Sagas, M. (2007). The relationship between organizational support, work -family conflict, and the job-life satisfaction of University coaches. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 78 (3), 236 - 247.

  • Dupre, K.,& Day, A. (2007). The effects of supportive management and job quality on the turnover intentions and health of military personnel. Human Resource Management, 46, 185 - 201.

  • Eisenberger, R., Cummings, J., Armeli, S.,& Lynch, P. (1997). Perceived organizational support, discretionary treatment,and job satisfaction. Journal of Applied Psychology, 82, 812 - 820.

  • Eisenberger, R., Huntington, R., Hutchison, S.,& Sowa, D. (1986). Perceived organizational support. Journal of Applied Psychology,71, 500 - 507.

  • Eisenberger, R.,& Stinglhamber, F. (2011). Perceived organizational support: Fostering enthusiastic and productive employees. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

  • Frone, M. R., Yardley, J. K.,& Markel, K. S. (1997). Developing and testing an integrative model of the work-family interface. Journal of Vocational Behaviour, 50, 145 - 167.

  • George, J.M., Reed, T.F., Ballard, K.A., Colin, J.,& Fielding, J. (1993). Contact with AIDS patients as a source of work-related distress: Effects of organizational and social support. Academy of Management Journal, 36, 157 - 171.

  • Greenhaus, J. H.,& Beutell, N. J. (1985). Sources of conflict between work and family roles. Academy of Management Review, 10, 76 - 88.

  • Grzywacz, J. G.,& Butler, A. B. (2005). The impact of job characteristics on work-tofamily facilitation: Testing a theory and distinguishing a construct. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 10, 97 - 109.

  • Grzywacz J.G.,& Bass B.L. (2003), Work, Family, and Mental Health: Testing Different Models of Work-Family Fit. Journal of Marriage and Family, 65, 248 - 262

  • Jankowski, K. S. (2012). Morningness/eveningness and satisfaction with life in a Polish sample. Chronobiology International, 29 (6), 780 - 785.

  • Jawahar, I.M., Stone, T.H.,& Kisamore, J.L. (2007). Role conflict and burnout: The direct and moderating effects of political skill and perceived organizational support on burnout dimensions. International Journal of Stress Management, 14 (2), 142 - 159.

  • Kang, B., Twigg, N. W.,& Hertzman, J. (2010). An examination of social support and social identity factors and their relationships to certified chef’s burnout. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 29, 168 - 176.

  • Kurtessis, J.N., Eisenberger, R., Ford, M.T., Buffardi, L.C., Stewart, K.A. & Adis, C.S. (Published online March 2015). Perceived Organizational Support: Meta-Analytic Evaluation of Organizational Support Theory. Journal of Management.

  • Lachowska, B. (2012). Konflikt i facylitacja między rolami rodzinnymi i zawodowymi a jakość życia pracujących rodziców [Conflict and facilitation between family and professional roles and the quality of life of working parents]. Psychologia Społeczna, 4(23), 353 - 371.

  • Lachowska, B. (2012). Praca i rodzina. Konflikt czy synergia. Konflikt i facylitacja między rolami rodzinnymi i zawodowymi - uwarunkowania i znaczenie dla jakości życia kobiet i mężczyzn [Work and family. Conflict or synergy? Conflict and facilitation between family and professional roles: determinants and importance for women’s and men’s quality of life], Lublin: Wydawnictwo KUL.

  • Lachowska, B. (2008). Człowiek dorosły wobec wymagań związanych z funkcjonowaniem w różnych sferach życia: zawodowej i rodzinnej [Adults and the requirements associated with functioning in professional and family life]. Psychologia Rozwojowa, 1, 101 - 114.

  • Locke, E. A. (1976). The nature and causes of job satisfaction. In M. D. Dunnette (Ed.), Handbook of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Chicago: Rand McNally, 1297 - 1349.

  • Major, S.M., Klein, K.J.,& Ehrhart, M.G. (2002). Work time, work interference with family and psychological distress. Journal of Applied Psychology, 87(3), 427 - 436.

  • McNall, L.A., Masuda, A.D., Shanock, L.R.,& Nicklin, J.M. (2011). Interaction of Core Self-Evaluations and Perceived Organizational Support on Work-to-Family Enrichment. The Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied, 145, 2, 133 - 149.

  • Michel, J. S., Clark, M. A.,& Jaramillo, D. (2011). The role of the Five Factor Model of personality in the perceptions of negative and positive forms of work-nonwork spillover: A meta - analytic review. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 79, 191 - 203.

  • O’Neill, O.A., Vandenberg, R.J., DeJoy, D.M.,& Wilson, M. G. (2009). Exploring relationships among anger, perceived organizational support, and workplace outcomes. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 14(3), 318 - 333.

  • Rhoades, L.,& Eisenberger, R. (2002). Perceived Organizational Support: A review of the Literature. Journal of Applied Psychology, 87(4), 698 - 714.

  • Shaffer, M. A., Harrison, D. A., Gilley, K. M., & Luk, D. (2001). Struggling for balance amid turbulence: Work, family, and commitment on international assignments. Journal of Management, 27, 100 - 121.

  • Smith, P.C., L.M. Kendall, & C.L. Hulin (1969). The Measurement of Satisfaction in Work and Retirement. Chicago: Rand McNally.

  • Wayne, J. H., Musisca, N.,& Fleeson, W. (2004). Considering the role of personality in the work-family experience: Relationships of the big five to work-family conflict and facilitation. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 64, 108 - 130.

  • Zumrah, A.R.&Boyle, S. (2015). The effects of perceived organizational support and job satisfaction on transfer of training. Personnel Review, 44 (2), 236 - 254.


Journal + Issues