The importance of body mechanics and the impact of nursing lifestyle

Open access


Nursing staff experience more low back pain than many other groups, the incidence varies among countries. Work activities involving bending, twisting, frequent heavy lifting, awkward static posture and psychological stress are regarded as causal factors for many back injuries. Preventive measures should be taken to reduce the risk of lower back pain, such as arranging proper rest periods, educational programmes to teach the proper use of body mechanics and lifestyle change programmes.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • 1. Cheung KMC. The relationship between disc degeneration low back pain and human pain genetics. The Spine Journal. 2010;10 (11) : 958-960.

  • 2. June KJ Cho S. Low back pain and work-related factors among nurses in intensive care units. Journal of Clinical Nursing. 2011; 20 (3): 479-487.

  • 3. Castro AB. Handle with Care: The American Nurses Association's Campaign to Address Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders. Orthopaedic Nursing. 2006; 25 (6): 356-365.

  • 4. de Souza Petersen R Marziale MHP. Low back pain characterized by muscle resistance and occupational factors associated with nursing. Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem. 2014; 22 (3): 386-393.

  • 5. Lind A Gard G. Harmful Effects in Personal Assistants Client Transfer Situations. The Ergonomics Open Journal. 2014; 7: 1-5.

  • 6. Bonzini M Bertu L Veronesi G et al. Is musculoskeletal pain a consequence or a cause of occupational stress? A longitudinal study. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health. 2015; 88 (5): 607-612.

  • 7. Wanless S. Improving the effectiveness of motor skills learning in moving and handling training for the healthcare environment. Unpublished PhD thesis 2015.

  • 8. Waters TR Dick RB. Evidence of Health Risks Associated with Prolonged Standing at Work and Intervention Effectiveness. Rehabilitation Nursing. 2014; 40 (3): 148-165.

  • 9. Bevan S. Economic impact of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) on work in Europe. Best Practice & Research Clinical Rheumatology. 2015; 29 (3): 356-373.

  • 10. Parent-Thirion A. Vermeylen G van Houten G et al. Eurofound project: Fifth European Working Conditions Survey. The European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. Luxembourg 2012.

  • 11. Ng D McNee C Kieser K Farella M. Neck and shoulder muscle activity during standardized work-related postural tasks. Applied Ergonomics. 2014; 45 (3): 556-563.

  • 12. Smedley J Williams S D'Arcy P et al. Back pain management: Occupational health practice in the NHS in England. A national clinical audit – round 2. Royal College of Physicians. London 2012.

  • 13. Boorman S. NHS Health and Well-being – Final Report. Dept of Health London 2009.

  • 14. Health & Safety Executive. Work related Musculoskeletal Disorders (WRMSDs) Statistics in Great Britain 2017. HMSO. London 2017.

  • 15. Wanless S. Principles for the Safe Moving and Handling of Patients. Nursing in the 21st Century. 2017; 15 (4): 66-69.

  • 16. Thomas JR Nelson JK Silverman SJ. Research Methods in Physical Activity 7th Ed. Champaign IL. Human Kinematics 2015.

  • 17. Karimi MT Solomonidis S. The relationship between parameters of static and dynamic stability tests. Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. 2011; 16 (4): 530-535.

  • 18. Patel K. Complete Guide to Postural Training. London. Bloomsbury Ltd 2014.

  • 19. Bond M. The New Rules of Posture: How to sit stand and move. Rochester. Healing Arts Press 2007.

  • 20. Dangerfield P. Chapter 4: Assessment of posture. In Eston R. Riley T. (Eds) (2009) Kinanthropometry and Exercise Physiology Laboratory Manual: Tests Procedures and data third Edition Volume one: Anthropometry. London; Routledge 2009.

  • 21. Hirshkowitz M Whiton K Albert SM et al. National Sleep Foundation's sleep time duration recommendations: methodology and results summary. Sleep Health. 2015; 1 (1): 40-43.

Journal information
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 1694 1006 50
PDF Downloads 1432 647 45