Lichenicolous fungi from Florida growing on Graphidales

Abstract

The lichenicolous fungi growing on Graphidales hosts in Florida are revised, mainly based on collections by the second author (R. C.). Twenty-one species are recognized. The new genus and species Lawreya glyphidiphila is described for a common asexual fungus growing on Glyphis scyphulifera and more rarely Trypethelium eluteriae, characterized by black stromatic conidiomata in which subspherical conidiogenous loculi develop, producing aseptate, subglobose, brown conidia. Nine additional new species are described: Amerosporiopsis phaeographidis (on Phaeographis brasiliensis), Arthonia acanthotheciicola (on Acanthothecis floridensis), A. subgraphidicola (on Graphis assimilis), Hemigrapha graphidicola (on G. assimilis), Skyttea graphidicola (on Graphis spp.), Strigula graphidicola (on G. assimilis), S. perparvula (on Graphidales), Talpapellis graphidis (on Graphis caesiella) and Tremella wedinii (on Glyphis scyphulifera). Phylogenetic placements of Lawreya glyphidiphila, Skyttea graphidicola and Tremella wedinii are presented. Identification keys are given for the species of Cornutispora and Talpapellis, and for the 66 species known to grow on Graphidales hosts worldwide.

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