The discovery of Neolentinus cirrhosus (Gloeophyllales, Basidiomycota) in the Neotropics

Open access


Neolentinus is a brown-rot genus (order Gloeophyllales) rarely found in the Neotropics. The only known species in the region is N. cyatiformis, reported from Argentina. This paper reports the discovery of a second species of Neolentinus in the Neotropics: N. cirrhosus. The species has a set of unique characteristics: lentinoid habit, squamulose pileus with ciliate/pilose margin, decurrent lamellae, small basidiospore size, and habitat on sand, with soil-incrusted sclerotium. The species is described, illustrated and discussed.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Araújo F. S. & Martins F. R. 1999. Fisionomia e organização da vegetação do carrasco no Planalto da Ibiapaba Estado do ceará. Acta Botanica Brasilica 13: 1–13.

  • Bas C. 1969. Morphology and subdivision of Amanita and a monograph of its section Lepidella. Persoonia 5: 285–579.

  • Bier J. E. & Nobles M. K. 1946. Brown pocket rot of sitka spruce. Canadian Journal of ResearchSection C 24: 115–120.

  • Corner E. J. H. 1981. The agaric genera LentinusPanus and Pleurotus with particular reference to Malaysian species. Beihefte zur Nova Hedwigia 69: 1–169.

  • Drechler-Santos E. R. Wartchow F. Coimbra V. R. M. Gibertoni T. B. & Cavalcanti M. A. Q. 2012. Studies on lentinoid fungi (Lentinus and Panus) from the semi-arid region of Brazil. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 139: 437–446.

  • Fries E. M. & Nyman C. M. 1837. Adami Afzelli fungi Guineensesquos ad schedulas et specima inventorisdescriptos. Excudebandt Regiae Academiae Typographi Upsaliae.

  • Garcia-Sandoval R. Wang Z. Binder M. & Hibbett D. S. 2011. Molecular phylogenetics of the Gloeophyllales and relative ages of clade of Agaricomycotina producing a brown rot. Mycologia 103: 510–524.

  • Hariot P. & Patouillard N. 1912. Champignons de Mauritanie récoltés par M. R. Chudeau. Bulletin de la Societá Mycologique de France 28: 144–147.

  • Hibbett D. S. & Vilgalys R. 1993. Phylogenetic relationships of Lentinus (Basidiomycotina) inferred from Molecular and morphological characters. Systematic Botany 18: 409–433.

  • Hongo T. 1976. Agarics from Papua-New Guinea III. Reports of the Tottori Mycological InstituteJapan 14: 95–104.

  • Kelly K. L. 1965. Color name charts illustrated with centroid colors. Standard Sample No. 2106. Supplement to national Bureau of Standads Circular No. 553. U. S. Government Printing Office Washington.

  • Kuntze O. 1891. Revisio Generum Plantarum. Pars II. Arthur Felix Leipzig.

  • Lechner B. E. & Wright J. E. 2002. First record of Neolentinus schaefferi in the Americas. Mycotaxon 82: 281–287.

  • Lima J. R. Sampaio E. V. S. B. Rodal M. J. N. & Araújo F. S. A. 2011. Physionomy and structure of a seasonal deciduous forest on the Ibiapaba plateau Ceará Brazil. Rodriguésia 62: 379–389.

  • Pegler D. N. 1983. The genus Lentinus: a world monograph. Kew Bulletin Additional Series 10: 1–281.

  • Rune F. 1994. Neolentinus – a well-founded genus in Pleurotaceae that includes Heliocybe. Mycological Research 98: 542–544.

  • Thiers B. [continuously updated]. Index Herbariorum: A global directory of public herbaria and associated staff. New York Botanical Garden’s Virtual Herbarium. (accessed 4 April 2019)

  • Tulloss R. E. Ovrebo C. L. & Halling R. E. 1992. Studies on Amanita (Amanitaceae) from Andean Colombia. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 66: 1–46.

  • Zhang M. Li T.- H. & Sing B. 2018. Heliocybe villosa sp. nov. a new member to the genus Heliocybe (Gloeophyllales). Phytotaxa 349: 173–178.

  • Zmitrovich I. V. & Kovalenko A. E. 2016. Lentinoid and polyporoid fungi two generic conglomerates containing important medicinal mushrooms in molecular perspective. International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms 18: 23–38.

Journal information
Impact Factor

CiteScore 2018: 0.47

Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.301

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 134 134 16
PDF Downloads 117 117 14