The Main Characteristics of the Urban Climate in Relation to the Built Space Evolution in Bucharest, Romania

Open access


The urban climate is a specific type of topoclimate characteristic to big cities, like Bucharest, which is formed due to the horizontal and vertical expansion of the space, the nature of the materials used for constructions, the pollution, and other side effects of the socio-economic activities. The main objective of this study is the analysis of the variability of four main meteorological elements (air temperature, atmospheric precipitation, relative air humidity, duration of sunshine) in Bucharest and its neighboring area, in relation to the built space evolution. In the last decades, Bucharest has been experiencing an exceptional development, materialized both by territorial expansion, as well as structural-functional and architectural-urbanistic transformations. The fact that the population of the city is increasing, correlated with the expansion of the built space area, suggests the intensity of the urban sprawl phenomena. This has numerous side effects, among which is the creation of a specific topoclimate, different from the one in the periphery. As an example, the results of the meteorological analysis showed that the air temperature is higher inside the city, at the Filaret station, with 0.1ºC, than at the periphery (Baneasa station) and the periurban area (Afumati station).

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Bogdan Octavia (2017) Bazele teoretice ale Climatologiei Editura Transversal Targoviste.

  • Cândea Melinda Bogan Elena Simion Tamara (2011) Asezarile umane si organizarea spatiului geografic Editura Universitara Bucuresti

  • Ciulache S. Ionac Nicoleta (2007) Esential in Meteorologie si Climatologie Editura Universitară București.

  • Cheval S. Dumitrescu A. (2009). The July urban heat island of Bucharest as derived from MODIS images. Theoretical and applied climatology 96(1-2) 145-153.

  • Cheval S. Dumitrescu A. Bell A. (2009). The urban heat island of Bucharest during the extreme high temperatures of July 2007. Theoretical and Applied Climatology 97(3-4) 391-401.

  • Cheval S. Dumitrescu A. (2015). The summer surface urban heat island of Bucharest (Romania) retrieved from MODIS images. Theoretical and applied climatology 121(3-4) 631-640.

  • Constantin D. M. O. Grigore E. Bogan E. Manta D. R. & Ilea R. (2017). The influence of the synoptic conditions in the dispersion of the air pollution indicator–the sulphur dioxide (so^ sub 2^) in the Slatina area. Aerul si Apa. Componente ale Mediului 289-296.

  • Dumitrescu Elena (2007) Clima orasului Bucuresti editura Ars Docendi Bucharest

  • Ianos I. Sorensen A. Merciu Cristina (2017) Incoherence of urban planning policy in Bucharest: Its potential for land use conflict Land Use Policy 60 101-112.

  • Ianos I. (2004) Dinamica urbana. Aplicatii la orasul si sistemul urban romanesc Ed. Tehnica Bucharest.

  • Ioja C. I. Nita M. R. Vanau G. O. Onose D. A. Gavrilidis A. A. (2014). Using multi-criteria analysis for the identification of spatial land-use conflicts in the Bucharest Metropolitan Area. Ecological Indicators 42 112-121.

  • Ionac Nicoleta Grigore Elena (2013). Thermal differences within Bucharest town area case study: 01.07.2006-31.03.2007). Present Environment and Sustainable Development vol. 7 no. 2 p. 21-36.

  • Knox P. Pinch S. (2010) Urban Social Geography – An Introduction (6th edition) Pearson Education Limited Essex.

  • Mihai B. Nistor C. Simion G. (2015). Post-socialist urban growth of Bucharest Romania–a change detection analysis on Landsat imagery (1984–2010). Acta geographica Slovenica 55(2).

  • Pacala S. W. Hurtt G. C. Baker D. Peylin P. Houghton R. A. Birdsey R. A. ... Moorcroft P. (2001). Consistent land-and atmosphere-based US carbon sink estimates. Science 292(5525) 2316-2320.

  • Patroescu Maria Ioja C. Rozylowicz L. (2012) Evaluarea integrata a calitatii mediului in spatii rezidentiale Editura Academiei Române.

  • Petrisor A. I. (2012). Land cover and land use analysis of urban growth in Romania. Human Geographies 6(1) 47.

  • Tiscovschi A. Diaconu D. (2004) Meteorologie si Hidrologie. Lucrări practice Editura Universitară București.

  • Waffle A. (2016). Urban Agricultural Hot-Spots: Taking Advantage of the Urban Heat Island for Production of Warmer-Climate Crops.

  • *** (2008) Clima Romaniei editura Academiei Romane Bucureşti.

  • *** (2018)

  • *** (2018) National Meteorological Administration Archive.

  • *** (2018) National Institute for Statistics online database.

  • *** (2018) Bucharest City Council website

Journal information
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 33 33 5
PDF Downloads 31 31 3