As low-input environmentally friendly agricultural practices are currently associated with the delivery of a wide range of public goods and socioeconomic benefits, the strategy of European Union in mitigating climate change effects, protecting environment and ensuring public health has, among others, focused around preserving the High Natural Value (HNV) areas. About a quarter of the land in Romania is potentially covered by HNV farming and eligible for associated support payments, mostly along the chain of the Carpathian Mountains. Since soil systematic data on HNV area are scarce, recent research developments currently undertake to build up a first national HNV soil data base.
Soil fertility state in a HNV payment eligible area of south-eastern Transylvania was studied in seven in-depth dug profiles and seven additional shallow dug profiles. Soil samples were taken by genetic horizons as well as agrochemical samples from the upper soil layers (0-20 cm). Physical, chemical, and microbiological analyses revealed that the studied soils have a medium clayey loamy texture, good fertility and are subject to an adequate HNV management in the area, as the analytical values mostly range in favorable intervals for plant growth and nutrition. Thus, soil reaction is moderately acid up to slightly alkaline in the presence of carbonates, the soil organic matter, generally well mineralized, reaches fair levels and the high and very high cation exchange capacity ensure good conditions for plants growth and nutrition whilst nitrogen and potassium supply is adequate. Phosphorus is the only element in short supply – a situation often encountered in Romania unfertilized soils. Soil bulk density and total porosity are also favorable for root growth and spreading and plant nutrition. Microorganisms’ activity is diverse and is also adequate for plant nutrition.
If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.
ADEPT Foundation (2010) High Nature Value grasslands. Securing the ecosystem services of European farming post 2013 International conference September 7-9 2010 Sibiu Romania. Available at: http://www.fundatiaadept.org/?content=publications.
Akeroyd J. R. Page N. (2011) Conservation of High Nature Value (HNV) grassland in a farmed landscape in Transylvania Romania Contrib. Bot. XLVI 57–71 available at: http://contributii_botanice.reviste.ubbcluj.ro/materiale/2011/Contrib_Bot_vol_46_pp_057-071.pdf (Accessed in 20.05.2018).
Bergey D. H. Holt J. G. (1994) Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology 9th Ed. Wiliams and Wiliams Eds. Baltimore USA.
Beaufoy G. Jones Gwen (2012) HNV farming in England and Wales– findings from three local projects EFNCP Stapledon Memorial Trust Wye Valley AONB European Commission DG Environment. Published by EFNCP UK. Available at: http://www.efncp.org/download/HNV_Farming_brochure_final.pdf
Dinu Cosmina (2012) Helping to Adapt NGOs Influence on the Resilience of a Cultural Landscape from Transylvania Romania (A Comparative Analysis) MSc Thesis Utrecht University the Netherlands.
Domsch K. H. Gams W. (1970) Fungi in agricultural soils T&A Constable Ltd. Edinburg London.
Dumitru E. Calciu I. Carabulea V. Canarache A. (2009) Analytical methods used in the Laboratory of soil physics – National Research and Development Institute for soil Science Agrochemistry and Environment – ICPA SITECH Publishing House Craiova Romania (published in Romanian).
Florea N. Bălăceanu V. Răuță C. Canarache A. (Coord. reds.) (1987) Methodology of pedologic studies elaboration. Part III – Ecopedologic indicators MA ASAS ICPA Bucharest (published in Romanian).
Loos J. Turtureanu P. D. von Wehrden H. Hanspach J. Dorresteijn I. Pál Frink J. Fischer J. (2015) Plant diversity in a changing agricultural landscape mosaic in Southern Transylvania (Romania) Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment 199: 350–357 available la: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2014.10.013 (accessed on 20.05.2018).
Lungu Mihaela. Ștefănescu S. L. Dumitrașcu M. (2017) The fertility level of some soils from pastures and meadows located in the eligible High Natural Value area (In Print).
MADR (2017) National Rural Development Program Version 5 June 30. Available at: http://www.madr.ro/.
Makeschin F. Schröter-Schlaack C. Glante F. Zeyer J. Gorgon J. Ferber U.
Villeneuve J. Grimski D. Bartke S. (2016) INSPIRATION Report Concluding 2nd Project Phase: Enriched Updated and Prioritized Overview of the Transnational Shared State-of-the-art as Input to Develop a Strategic Research Agenda and for a Matchmaking Process. Public version of the Final Version as of 30.10.2016 of Deliverable D3.4 of the HORIZON 2020 Project INSPIRATION. EC Grant agreement no: 642372. UBA Dessau-Roßlau Germany.
Matei S. (2011) Determination of soil respiration and microbial biomass in: Dumitru M. Manea A. (Coord.) (2011) chemical and microbiological analyses methods (used in the soil monitoring system) SITECH Publishing House Craiova p. 283-288 (published in Romanian).
Papacostea P. (1976) Soil Biology Scientific and Encyclopedic Publishing House Bucharest.
Redman M. (2014) High Nature Value (HNV) farming profitability. Starting paper prepared for the first Focus Group meeting in Madrid Spain (12-13 June 2014) EIP- AGRI Focus Group EC. Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/eip/agriculture/sites/agrieip/files/fg7_hnvf_profitability_starting_paper_2014_en.pdf
Samson A. R. Hoekstra R. S. E. (1988) Introduction to food borne fungi Ed.CBS Netherland.
Vasu Alexandra Neacşu Marcela Daniliuc D. 1986 Ecopedologic characterization of representative meadows units from the mountainous area in order to establish the need for improvement technologies measures Lucr. Şt. ale ICPCP Măgurele Braşov Vol.IX Bucharest (published in Romanian).
Watanabe T. (2002) Pictorial Atlas of Soil and Seed Fungi: Morphologies of Cultured Fungi and Key to Species 2nd ed. CRC PRESS Boca Raton London New York Washington D.C. USA.