Identifying the Main Problems of Environmental Non-Governmental Organisations: Lessons from Romania

Open access


Romanian environmental non-governmental organisations (ENGO) have to deal with a lot of issues when performing their activities, related in general to their form of organization, financial capacity, unspecialized workforce, over bureaucratic administration, political parties’ unwillingness to cooperate, or mass-media’s general indifference. Moreover, most public representatives (e.g., political parties) seldom (or never) ask for the ENGOs’ opinions when designing environmental policies. Within this context, this paper aims to map the most important issues or challenges (in terms of financial capacity and with regard to the public sphere) that Romanian ENGOs have to deal with. The methodological approach is a mixed one (having a qualitative as well as a quantitative component). The study embodies a questionnaire based survey applied on 48 Romanian ENGOs. Unfortunately, the instability of financial resources still tops the Romanian ENGOs’ list of issues. Moreover, the data reaffirmed the indifference of the majority of Romania’s political parties towards protecting the environment (leaving ENGOs out of the political decision making process).

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

  • Carmin J. Fagan A. 2010. Environmental mobilisation and organisations in post-socialist Europe and the former Soviet Union. Environmental Politics 19(5) 689-707.

  • Carmin J. Jehlicka P. 2005. By the masses or for the masses? The transformation of voluntary action in the Czech Union for Nature Protection. Voluntas 16(4) 397-416.

  • Carson R. 1962. Silent Spring. Boston MA.: Houghton and Mifflin.

  • Cellarius B. A. Staddon C. 2002. Environmental nongovernmental organizations civil society and democratization in Bulgaria. East European Politics and Societies 16(1) 182-222.

  • Cohen J. L. Arato A. 1992. Civil Society and Political Theory. Cambridge: MIT Press.

  • Cosmeanu M. 2008. Organizatiile de mediu din Romania (Romanian environmental organizations). Miercurea Ciuc: Centrul Educational Soros.

  • Coxall B. 2001. Pressure Groups in British Politics. Essex UK: Pearson Education Ltd.

  • Diamond L. 1999. Developing Democracy: Toward Consolidation. Baltimore: The John Hopkins University Press.

  • Fagan A. Carmin J. 2011. Green Activism in Post-Socialist Europe and the former Soviet Union. New York NY: Routledge.

  • Gray M. L. 1999. Creating Civil Society? The Emergence of NGOs in Vietnam. Development and Change 30(4) 693-713.

  • Green A. T. 1999. Nonprofits and democratic development: lessons from the Czech Republic. Voluntas 10(3) 217-235.

  • Hassan A. Forhad A. 2013. The role of NGOs in the sustainable development in Bangladesh. Present Environment and Sustainable Development 7(2) 59-72.

  • Jancar-Webster B. 1998. Environmental movements and social change in the transition countries. Environmental Politics 7(1) 69-90.

  • Jepson P. 2005. Governance and accountability of environmental NGOs. Environmental Science & Policy 8 515–524.

  • Jiménez M. 2007. The environmental movement in Spain: A growing force of contention. South European Society and Politics 12(3) 359-378.

  • Keck M. Sikkink K. 1998. Activists beyond borders: Advocacy networks in international politics. New York: Cornell University Press.

  • Koutalakis C. 2004. Environmental compliance in Italy and Greece: The role of non-state actors. Environmental Politics 13(4) 754-774.

  • Lagerspetz M. Rikmann E. Ruutsoo R. 2002. The structure and resources of NGOs in Estonia. Voluntas 13(1) 73-87.

  • Linz J. Stepan A. 1996. Problems of democratic transition and consolidation: Southern Europe South America and post-communist Europe. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

  • Meidinger E. 2001. Law Making by Global Civil Society: The Forest Certification Prototype.

  • O’Brien T. 2009. Shifting views of environmental NGOs in Spain and Romania. Southeast European and Black Sea Studies 9(1-2) 143-160.

  • Pickvance C. 1999. Democratisation and the decline of social movements: The effects of regime change on collective action in Eastern Europe Southern Europe and Latin America. Sociology 33(2) 353-372.

  • Richards J. P. Heard J. 2005. European Environmental NGOs: Issues Resources and Strategies in Marine Campaigns. Environmental Politics 14(1) 23-41.

  • Sale K. 1993. The Green Revolution: The American Environmental Movement 1962-1992. New York NY: Hill and Wang.

  • SIGWatch 2008. ENGOF A Study of Europe’s Leading NGOs and their Contribution to Policymaking in Brussels. Executive Summary: SIGWatch.

  • Terra Millennium III and Asociatia ALMA-RO 2008. Gandeste Politici Verzi! (Think green policies!). Bucuresti: Terra Millennium III

Journal information
All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 260 120 1
PDF Downloads 159 90 1