Infiltration Losses Calculated for the Flash Flood in the Upper Catchment of Geru River, Galaţi County, Romania

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Abstract

MIKE software created by Danish Institute of Hydraulics can be used to perform mathematical modelling of rainfall-runoff process on the hillslopes, resulting in a runoff hydrograph in the closing section of a catchment. The software includes a unitary hydrograph method - UHM in the hydrological module Rainfall - Runoff. Excess rainfall is routed to the river and transited through unit hydrograph method. The model divides the flood generating precipitation in excess rainfall (net rainfall) and losses (infiltration).

This paper analyzes data from the flash flood that occurred between the 11th and 13th of September 2013 in the upper catchment of the river Geru. The catchment chosen for study, is controlled by the hydrometric station located in the village Cudalbi. Simulations of this flash flood were performed with MIKE by DHI –UHM software, alternatively using as input data the precipitations recorded by AHSS (Automated Hydrological Sensor Station) Cudalbi and radar precipitations generated by ROFFG (Romanian Flash Flood Guidance) software system in ArcGIS module for determining the areas affected by flash floods. The Unitary Hydrograph Method - UHM from the hydrological module Rainfall – Runoff calculates excess rainfall and determines infiltration losses by four methods. For each set of input data, the four methods for calculating infiltration losses were subsequently used.

The comparison between the results highlights that the amplitude and phase errors for the maximum discharge are smaller when the model uses for simulation radar precipitations as input data, and calculates infiltration losses with the Proportional Loss method. This method reproduces with a better accuracy the peaks of the discharge hydrograph. The model can be used in the future to forecast a discharge hydrograph based on estimated radar precipitations in the catchment

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