Lead Polluted Hotspot: Environmental Implication of Unplanned Industrial Development

Open access


In Rayer Bazaar, different industries like tannery, plastic, textile, battery recycling industry etc. are increasing rapidly without considering the environmental issues and deterioration. Since chromium (Cr) pollution of this area has been widely investigated due to the presence of tannery industries, this study was focused on examining other environmental factors. Field visits and analytical results of semi-quantitative and quantitative analysis as well as three dimensional excitation emission matrix spectroscopy (3DEEM) of water, soil and vegetative tissues indicated that, the area is highly polluted in term of different environmental parameters and metal content. The extremely high lead (Pb) content of the soil (1171.7 mg/kg in summer, 2157.1 mg/kg in winter) and blackish materials of vegetative tissues (6585.6 mg/kg in summer, 1974.1 mg/kg in winter) indicates excessive lead deposition of this area that makes it a lead polluted hotspot. One of the possible sources of the extremely high lead concentration is adjacent battery recycling industry and/or other industries surrounding this area. So it is urgent to take necessary steps to find out immediate options for possible mitigation.

[1] Chowdhury M.S. and Deb P. (2012) Urban Local Government and Environmental Management in Bangladesh: A Study on ChunarughatPaurashava. Bangladesh Development Research Center (BDRC).

[2] MoEF (Ministry of Environment and Forest). (2013) Bangladesh initiatives towards 3R approaches: A Country Analysis Paper.Government of People’s Republic of Bangladesh.

[3] Rahman S.H., Khanam D., Adyel T.M., Islam M.S., Ahsan M.A. and Akbor M.A. (2012) Assessment of Heavy Metal Contamination of Agricultural Soil around Dhaka Export Processing Zone (DEPZ), Bangladesh:Implication of Seasonal Variation and Indices. Applied Sciences, 2, 584-601.

[4] Mortula M.M., Rahman M.S. (2002) Study on waste disposal at DEPZ.Bangladesh Environment (BAPA), 2, 807-817.

[5] Ahmed G., Uddin M.K., Khan G.M., Rahman M.S., Chowdhury D.A. (2009) Distribution of trace metal pollutants in surface water system connected to effluent disposal points of Dhaka Export Processing Zone (DEPZ), Bangladesh: A statistical approach. Journal of Nature Science & Sustainable Technology, 3, 293-304.

[6] Reddi K.R., Jayaraju N., Suriyakumar I. and Sreenivas K. (1993) Tidal flunctuation in relation to certain physico-chemical parameters in Swarnamukkhi river estuary, East Coast of India. Indian Journal of Marine Sciences, 22, 223-234.

[7] APHA (American Public Health Association). (1992) Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater. 18thed. Washington D. C., pp. 15-36, 1992.

[8] ECA (The Environmental Conservation Act). (1995) Government of People’s Republic of Bangladesh.The Ministry of Environment and Forest, 1995.

[9] ECR (The Environmental Conservation Rules). (1997) Government of People’s Republic of Bangladesh.The Ministry of Environment and Forest, 1997.

[10] APHA (American Public Health Association). (2005) Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater. 21sted. Washington D. C., pp. 31-39.

[11] WHO (World Health Organization). (1984)Guidelines for the Examination of Drinking Water. World Health Organization, Europe Regional Office, Copenhagen, pp 5-39

[12] Rajasegar M. (2003) Physico-chemical characteristics of the Vellar estuary in relation to shrimp farming. Journal of Environmental Biology, 24, 95-101.

[13] Waghmare N.V., Shinde V.D., Surve P.R. and Ambore N.E. (2012) Seasonal variations of phsycio-chemical characteristics of Jamgavan dam water of Hingoli District (M.S.) India. International Multidisciplinary Research Journal, 2(5), 23-25.

[14] Sawyer C.N., McCarty P.L. and Parkin G.F. (2003)Chemistry for Environmental Engineering and Science. 5th ed, New York, McGraw-Hill.

[15] BARC (Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council). (2005) Fertilizers recommendation guide- 2005. Peoples Press and Publications, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

[16] Baker A. and Curry M. (2004) Fluorescence of leachates from three contrasting landfills. Water Research, 38, 2605-2613.

[17] Chen W., Westerhoff P., Leenheer J.A., Booksh K. (2003) Fluorescence excitation-emission matrix regional integration to quantify spectra for dissolved organic matter. Environmental Science & Technology, 37(24), 5701-5710.

[18] Singh B.R. and Steinnes E. In R. Lal and B. Stewart (eds),(1994) Soil Processes and Water Quality, Lewis Publishers, Chelsea, 233-271.

[19] Buchaver M.J. (1973) Contamination of soil and vegetation near zinc smelter by zinc, cadmium, copper and lead. Environmental Science & Technology, 7, 131-135.

[20] Haghiri F. (1973) Cadmium uptake by plants. Journal of Environmental Quality, 2, 93-96.

[21] Alegria A., Barberfi R., Boluda R., Errecalde F., Farr R. and Lagarda M.J. (1991) Environmental cadmium, lead and nickel contamination: possible relationship between soil and vegetable content. Fresenius’ Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 339, 654-657.

Journal Information

Cited By


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 125 125 17
PDF Downloads 32 32 5